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Andrew Jackson

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Andrew Jackson Jackson was a strong fighter. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Andrew Jackson


1
Andrew Jackson
  • Jackson was a strong fighter.
  • He joined the Patriots in the Revolution when he
    was 13.
  • He studied law and was eventually elected to
    Congress in his 20s.
  • He won national fame for his achievements during
    the war of 1812.
  • He defeated the Creek Indians and made them turn
    over their land in Georgia and Alabama.

2
Jacksons Presidency
  • He was a complex person
  • He was adventurous and had a violent temper.
  • His opponents called him King Andrew because he
    wanted to expand the powers of the president
  • The Creeks disliked him so much they called him
    Sharp Knife
  • Why did they dislike him?

3
Who is the person in this picture? What are some
of the symbols used in this cartoon? What do you
think the artist was trying to say with this
cartoon?
4
The Spoils System
  • After taking office, Jackson fired many
    government employees
  • He dismissed more than 200 employees.
  • Critics accused him of rewarding Democrats
    instead of choosing qualified men
  • Jackson felt that ordinary Americans could fill
    government jobs, instead of just the wealthy
  • Spoils System practice of rewarding supporters
    with government jobs

5
The Kitchen Cabinet
  • Jackson gave a number of his supporters Cabinet
    positions
  • Most of these men were NOT qualified so he rarely
    met with them
  • Instead, he relied on a group of unofficial
    advisors such as Democratic leaders and newspaper
    editors
  • Because he met with them in the White House
    kitchen they became known as the Kitchen Cabinet

6
The Bank War
  • President Jackson disliked the Bank of the United
    States
  • He thought it was too powerful
  • The bank had great power because it controlled
    loans in the United States
  • Example If the bank directors thought state
    banks were making too many loans, they limited
    the amount of money those banks could lend
  • This angered farmers and merchants who borrowed
    money

7
Mr. Biddles Bank
  • The Bank was run by private bankers.
  • Nicholas Biddle was the bank president (Whig) and
    was strongly disliked by Jackson
  • The Whig plan to keep the bank
  • The bank charter was up for renewal in 1836. Clay
    and the Whigs convinced Biddle to apply for
    renewal early. They knew Jackson would veto the
    application.
  • The Whigs thought that Americans wanted the
    bank, so if Jackson vetoed it, Americans would be
    angry.

8
(No Transcript)
9
Jacksons Veto
  • Jackson vetoed the bank bill for two reasons.
  • He declared the bank unconstitutional
  • He believed the bank helped aristocrats at the
    expense of the common people

10
Whig Mistake
  • The Whigs miscalculated and the people voted in
    Jackson, and rejected the Bank of the U.S
  • Without a new charter, Jackson shut down the bank
    and deposited money in state banks that his
    friends controlled
  • The loss of federal money crippled the Bank of
    the U.S. and contributed to an economic crisis in
    1836
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