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Folk and Popular Culture

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Daily necessities and leisure Material culture deriving from the necessities of daily life Culture ... The Amish in the United States Perhaps the nearest ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Folk and Popular Culture


1
Folk and Popular Culture
  • Chapter 4

2
Folk and Popular Culture
  • Key Issues
  • Where do Folk and Popular Cultures Originate and
    Diffuse?
  • Why is Folk Culture Clustered?
  • Why is Popular Culture Widely Distributed?
  • Why Does Globalization of Popular Culture Cause
    Problems?

3
Where do Folk and Popular Cultures Originate and
Diffuse?
  • What do we mean by culture?
  • The Origin of Folk and Popular Cultures
  • Origin of folk music
  • Origin of popular music
  • Diffusion of Folk and Popular Cultures
  • Diffusion of Amish Folk Culture
  • Diffusion of Popular Culture Through Sports

4
What is Culture?
  • Culture
  • The body of material traits, customary beliefs,
    and social forms that together constitute the
    distinct tradition of a group of people
  • Each cultural activity has a distinctive spatial
    distribution.
  • Geographers study the relations between material
    culture and the physical environment.

5
What is Culture?
  • Daily necessities and leisure
  • Material culture deriving from the necessities of
    daily life
  • Culture involving leisure activities
  • Habit A repetitive act that a particular
    individual performs
  • Custom A repetitive act of a group
  • Material culture A collection of social customs
  • Folk culture Varies from place to place at a
    given time
  • Popular culture Varies from time to time at a
    given place

6
Characteristics of folk culture
  • Anonymous hearth(s)
  • Anonymous sources (originators)
  • Unknown dates
  • Diffuses slowly and on a small scale
  • Chiefly through migration
  • Little change

7
Characteristics of popular culture
  • Found in large heterogeneous societies
  • Large territory as compared to folk culture
  • Usually product of developed countries
  • Rapid diffusion facilitated by technology
  • Changes rapidly and frequently

8
Folk Music
  • Composed anonymously and transmitted orally
  • Contents derived from daily life
  • Travels via relocation diffusion

9
Popular Music
  • Composed by specific individuals
  • Commercial purposes
  • Originated 1800
  • Tin Pan Alley
  • Rise of recorded music

10
Differences between popular and folk culture
  • Popular culture
  • Consists of large masses of people who conform to
    and prescribe to ever-changing norms
  • Large heterogeneous groups
  • Often highly individualistic and groups are
    constantly changing
  • Pronounced division of labor leading to
    establishment of specialized professions

11
Differences between popular and folk culture
  • Popular culture
  • Money based economy prevails
  • Replacing folk culture in industrialized
    countries and many developing nations
  • Folk-made objects give way to their popular
    equivalent
  • Item is more quickly or cheaply produced
  • Easier or time-saving to use
  • Lends prestige to owner

12
Differences between popular and folk culture
  • Folk culture
  • Made up of people who maintain the traditional
  • Describes people who live in an old-fashioned
    way-simpler life-style
  • Rural, cohesive, conservative, largely
    self-sufficient group, homogeneous in custom
  • Strong family or clan structure and highly
    developed rituals
  • Tradition is paramount change comes
    infrequently and slowly

13
Differences between popular and folk culture
  • Folk culture
  • Little specialization in labor though duties may
    vary between genders
  • Subsistence economy prevails
  • Individualism and social classes are weakly
    developed
  • In parts of the less-developed world, folk
    cultures remain common
  • Industrialized countries no longer have unaltered
    folk cultures

14
Differences between popular and folk culture
  • Folk culture The Amish in the United States
  • Perhaps the nearest modem equivalent in
    Anglo-America
  • German-American farming sect
  • Largely renounces products and labor-saving
    devices of the industrial age
  • Horse-drawn buggies still used, and faithful own
    no autos or appliances
  • Central religion concept of demut, humility,
    reflects weakness of individualism and social
    class
  • Rarely marry outside their sect

15
FOLK CULTURE DISTRIBUTION OF THE AMISH
16
Differences between popular and folk culture
  • Folk culture
  • Typically, bearers of folk culture combine folk
    and nonfolk elements in their lives
  • Includes both material and nonmaterial elements
  • Material culture includes all objects or things
    made and used by members of a cultural
    groupmaterial elements are visible
  • Nomnaterial culture, including folklore, can be
    defined as oral, including the wide range of
    tales, songs, lore, beliefs, superstitions, and
    customs
  • Other aspects of nonmaterial culture include
    dialects, religions, and worldviews
  • Folk geographydefined as the study of the
    spatial patterns and ecology of folklife

17
Soccers folk culture origins
  • Eleventh-century England
  • Denmark 10181042
  • Kick the Danes Head
  • Football Association, 1863

18
Soccer as popular culture
  • Late 1800s diffused to continental Europe
  • Holland, 1870s
  • Spain, 1893
  • Diffused via British imperial expansion
  • Russia, 1887

19
Surviving folk sports
  • Cricket
  • Ice hockey
  • Wushu
  • Baseball
  • Football
  • Lacrosse
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