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SOL REVIEW African-American History

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SOL REVIEW African-American History What group did Europeans force to come to the Americas? Africans What trade pattern brought African-Americans to the English colonies? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: SOL REVIEW African-American History


1
SOL REVIEWAfrican-American History
2
What group did Europeans force to come to the
Americas?
  • Africans

3
What trade pattern brought African-Americans to
the English colonies?
  • The Triangular Trade

4
What was the name of the forced voyage of African
slaves from their homes to the New World?
  • The Middle Passage

5
According to the SOLs, what were the 3 points in
the Triangular Trade?
  • New England colonies
  • the West Indies
  • Africa

6
What was the three-fifths compromise?
7
A compromise between the northern states and the
southern states at the Constitutional Convention.
  • Slaves would count as 3/5 of a person in figuring
    the slave states population for representation
    in the House of Representatives.

8
Define abolitionists.
  • People who wanted to abolish (end) slavery
    immediately

9
Who was one of the most important abolitionist
leaders?
  • William Lloyd Garrison

10
What was the name of the antislavery newspaper in
Boston?
  • The Liberator

11
Who wrote Uncle Toms Cabin?
  • Harriet Beecher Stowe

12
Describe Uncle Toms Cabin.
  • An antislavery novel
  • Told the cruelties of slavery

13
Who was Gabriel Prosser?
14
  • African-American slave
  • Planned a slave revolt in Richmond, Va.
  • Revolt crushed by Va. militia
  • Prosser and 35 slaves were executed

15
Who was Nat Turner?
16
  • An African-American slave
  • Led a slave revolt in Southampton County, Va.
  • Killed 55 whites
  • 100 blacks were killed
  • Turner was captured and executed

17
What was the Supreme Courts decision in the Dred
Scott case?
18
  • Since Dred Scott was a slave, he could not sue in
    federal court
  • African-Americans were not citizens of the United
    States
  • Since Congress had no power to prohibit slavery
    in the territories, the Missouri Compromise was
    unconstitutional

19
What did the Dred Scott decision say about the
Missouri Compromise?
  • The Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional.

20
In Dred Scott v. Sandford did the Supreme Court
rule that Scott should remain a slave or gain his
freedom?
  • Remain a slave

21
Identify Frederick Douglass.
22
  • Former African-American slave
  • Important black abolitionist
  • Encouraged President Lincoln to recruit former
    slaves to fight in the Union army

23
What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?
  • Freed all slaves who lived in states still in
    rebellion on Jan. 1, 1863

24
Identify the 13th Amendment.
  • Freed the Slaves

25
Identify 14th Amendment.
  • Granted citizenship to African-Americans
  • Forbid the states from denying any American
    equal protection of the laws

26
Identify the 15th Amendment.
  • Gave African-American males the right to vote

27
What are the key words to remember the
Reconstruction Amendments?
  • 13th Freedom
  • 14th Citizenship
  • 15th Vote

28
What was the Jim Crow Era?
  • The period (late 1800s to mid-1960s) when the
    Southern states required racial segregation in
    public schools, transportation and other public
    facilities.

29
For what is Jim Crow a synonym?
  • Racial Segregation

30
What political rights did African-Americans lose
during the Jim Crow Era?
  • The right to vote
  • The right to serve on juries

31
Define racial segregation.
  • Separation of the races
  • In the South, separation of blacks and whites

32
  • What type of education did Booker T. Washington
    advocate (call for/support) for
    African-Americans?
  • Vocational education

33
  • How did the Supreme Court rule in 1896 in the
    case of Plessy v. Ferguson?
  • Racial segregation was constitutional (legal).

34
  • What doctrine was established by the Supreme
    Courts decision in Plessy v. Ferguson?
  • The Separate But Equal Doctrine

35
  • What does racial segregation mean?
  • Separation of the races

36
  • For what does NAACP stand?
  • National Association for the Advancement of
    Colored People

37
  • What were three ideas in Booker T. Washingtons
    philosophy for the advancement of
    African-Americans?
  • 1) Vocational Education 2) Self-Help 3)
    Economic Success

38
  • What were W.E.B. DuBois ideas for the
    advancement of African-Americans?
  • Legal Rights and Political Equality for
    African-Americans NOW!

39
Identify the Plessy v. Ferguson decision.
  • Separate but equal facilities were
    constitutional
  • Racial segregation was legal

40
For what 2 things did the NAACP work?
  • End legal segregation in the South
  • Gain the right to vote for African-Americans in
    the South

41
Who was an early leader of the NAACP?
  • W.E.B. DuBois

42
What Supreme Court decision set forth the
separate but equal doctrine?
  • Plessy v. Ferguson

43
What was the 1954 Supreme Court decision in the
Brown v. Board of Education decision?
  • Supreme Court declared racial segregation in
    public schools unconstitutional

44
What was the constitutional basis of the Brown
decision?
  • Racial segregation violated the equal
    protection clause of the 14th Amendment

45
What event made Rosa Parks famous?
  • The Montgomery Bus Boycott

46
What was the goal of the 1963 March on Washington
  • Gain passage of major civil rights laws by
    Congress

47
Who gave the I have a dream speech at the March
on Washington?
  • Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.

48
For what method of protest was Dr. King known?
  • Non-violent, mass protest

49
Identify the 1964 Civil Rights Act.
  • Outlawed racial, religious, and sex
    discrimination in public places and by employers
  • Gave the federal government more power to enforce
    all civil rights laws

50
Identify the 1965 Voting Rights Act.
  • Outlawed literacy tests as a voting requirement
  • Sent federal registrars to the South to register
    black voters

51
What was a literacy test?
  • Person had to prove he could read and write in
    order to vote

52
Why did the Southern states require literacy
tests?
  • To keep African-Americans from voting
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