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Title: Frankenstein Author: USTeacher Last modified by: WCS Created Date: 1/25/2011 5:29:52 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) Company – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Frankenstein

  • The Romantic Movement, Gothic Literature, and the
    Author Mary Shelley

The Romantic Movement
  • Dates 1785-1830
  • Originated in Germany with Johann Wolfgang von
  • Earliest Romantic writer was William Blake
  • England William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor
    Coleridges book of poetry, Lyrical Ballads
    (1798), established European Romanticism

Characteristics of Romantic Literature
  • Romantic writers are concerned with
  • Nature
  • Human feelings
  • Compassion for mankind
  • Freedom of the individual and Romantic hero
  • Rebellion against society

Characteristics of Romantic Literature
  • Writers also experiment with the discontent that
    they feel against all that seems commercial,
    inhuman, and standardized
  • Rural and rustic life vs. the modern life
  • Far away places and travel to those places
  • Medieval folklore and legends
  • Common people

Romantic Hero
  • Archetype/Stock Character
  • A character that
  • 1. Rejects established norms and conventions
  • 2. Has been rejected by society
  • 3. Has the self as the center of his/her own
  • The monster is a Romantic hero because of the
    rejection he must bear from normal society.

The Gothic Novel
  • Dates 1754, The Castle of Otranto by Horace
    Walpole1847, Wuthering Heights by Emily Bronte
  • Gothic fiction (sometimes referred to as Gothic
    horror) is a genre of literature that combines
    elements of both horror and romance
  • A style of novel, especially popular in the late
    18th and early 19th centuries, characterized by
    mysterious settings, an atmosphere of gloom and
    terror, supernatural happenings, and often
    violence and horror

Characteristics of the Gothic Novel
  • Focuses on the mysterious and supernatural
  • Take place in gloomy places like old buildings
    (particularly castles or rooms with secret
    passageways), dungeons, or towers that serve as a
    backdrop for the mysterious circumstances
  • Frankenstein is set in continental Europe
    (Switzerland and Germany), as well as the Arctic

Characteristics of the Gothic Novel
  • Elements of mystery and gloom
  • i.e. Raising the dead
  • The characters seem to bridge the mortal world
    and the supernatural world.

Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley
  • (1797-1851)
  • Parents Mary Wollstonecraft and William Godwin
  • Married Percy Bysshe Shelley in 1816
  • January 1, 1818Frankenstein in published

How Frankenstein was Created
  • Lord Byron, Percy Shelley, and Mary Shelley were
    on retreat in Europe when a rainy month prompted
    them to entertain themselves by writing ghost
    stories. Mary Shelley wrote the first draft of

Frankenstein or the Modern Prometheus
  • Prometheus was the God that created mankind and
    then introduced them to fire (and he had to pay a
    stiff price for his "crimes"...lying on a boulder
    where crows would rip at entrails for all
    eternity).  Hence the name of the novel as
    Frankenstein had created a man. 
  • The doctor's name was Frankenstein, not the
  • The monster was never given a name but he did
    refer to himself as Adam when correlating
    Frankenstein as his "God".

What Frankenstein is NOT
Themes in Frankenstein
  • The use of knowledge for good or evil purposes
  • How can we harness the knowledge that we have so
    that it is not self destructive and for the
    benefit of all mankind?
  • The invasion of technology into modern life
  • What responsibility must we exercise once we
    bring people back from the dead?
  • The treatment of the poor or uneducated
  • The restorative powers of nature in the face of
    unnatural events

Character Map
  • Frankenstein Character Map

Frankenstein 1818 vs. 1831 Edition
  • Annotated Frankenstein