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Australia, New Zealand, Oceania,

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Australia Only continent that is also a country Great Barrier Reef One of the world s natural wonders, located on ... animals World s largest coral reef ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Australia, New Zealand, Oceania,


1
Australia, New Zealand, Oceania, Antarctica
2
Georgia Standards
  • SSWG9 The student will describe the interaction
    of physical and human systems that have shaped
    contemporary Oceania, including Australia, New
    Zealand, and Antarctica.
  • a. Describe the location of major physical
    features and their impact on the region.
  • b. Describe the major climates and their impact
    on the region.
  • c. Analyze the impact isolation has had on the
    cultural and biological development of the
    region.
  • d. Describe the various ethnic and religious
    groups include major customs and traditions.
  • e. Explain how the migration of diverse ethnic
    groups and available natural resources have
    affected the economic and political development.
  • f. Explain why it was necessary for world
    governments involved in the exploration of
    Antarctica to develop and sign the Antarctic
    Treaty of 1961.

3
Australia
  • Only continent that is also a country

4
Great Barrier Reef
  • One of the worlds natural wonders, located on
    Australias Northeastern coast
  • Made of coral, which is the limestone skeletons
    of sea animals
  • Worlds largest coral reef

5
Creatures of the Great Barrier Reef
  • Great White Shark
  • Man of War Jellyfish

6
Australian Outback
  • Very dry and ARID
  • Area where few people live
  • Ayers Rock Popular tourist site in the outback

7
Climate
8
Native People
  • The Aborigines
  • Migrated from Asia at least 40,000 years ago
  • Nomadic people, never established permanent
    settlements
  • Hunted with boomerangs

9
Australia
  • Settled colonized by the British
  • Was set up as a colony for convicts (Penal
    Colony)

10
Environment
  • Europeans introduced to Australia
  • Camels
  • Rabbits
  • Sheep
  • Sugarcane
  • Native Animals to Australia
  • Kangaroos
  • Koalas
  • Wallabies

11
New Zealand
  • North Island South Island
  • Very diverse landmass plains, lakes, mountains,
    plateaus, volcanoes ? site of the filming of the
    Lord of the Rings films

12
  • Settled colonized by the British
  • Large producer of wool other sheep related
    products

13
Climate
  • With the exception of its mountain areas, New
    Zealand has only one climate region, Marine West
    Coast
  • Rain falls throughout the year
  • Temperatures are mild

14
Native People
  • The Maori
  • Came from Polynesia to settle New Zealand

15
Oceania
  • Made up more than 20,000 islands
  • 3 Categories
  • Melanesia ? north of Australia black islands
  • Micronesia ? north of Melanesia south of Japan
    tiny islands
  • Polynesia ? covers the area from Midway Island in
    the north to New Zealand in the south many
    islands

16
  • Most islands formed by volcanic activity from the
    Ring of Fire

17
  • High Islands created by volcanoes
  • Low Islands made of coral reefs

18
  • In Oceania the main form of necessary transport
    is by boat
  • Outrigger canoes
  • Sailboats
  • Motor-powered boats

19
  • For longer distances sea planes are used because
    no airport is needed to land

20
  • Settled and explored by Christian missionaries

21
Antarctica
  • Twice the size of Australia
  • An ice covered plateau with ice up to 2 miles
    thick in places, ice covers 95 of the
    continent

22
  • The Antarctic Treaty of 1961 divided the
    continent up between a number of nations.
  • These nations use their designated areas on the
    continent mainly to conduct scientific research.
  • Nations pledged to keep Antarctica clean and free
    of pollution.

23
Climate
  • The highest driest of the continents
  • Temperatures drop as low as -100 F
  • On the Antarctic Peninsula with its tundra
    climate, summer temps can reach 60 F.
  • Vegetation animal life flourish here ?
    dominated by lichens (likens), a type of algae
    and a variety of animal species
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