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1
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2
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4
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lenggone_at_gmail.com QQ 251429029
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Experimental Economics
5
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6
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7
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8
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9
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10
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?????????????????,??????????????(Rreplicability)??
??(Controllability)????? ????????????????????????
???????????,????????????????,??????????????? ???
?????????,?????????,?????????,??????,?????????????
??????????? ?????????????????????????????????????
???????????????????(???,2003)? ??????????????????
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11
LAB
12
LAB
the Experimental Economics Lab at the University
of Maryland. 
As part of a research study in experimental
economics at NHH in Norway, 500 school children
had to work and then decide how to share their
earnings
The LMU Experimental Economics Lab
13
????????????????????????
???? ???? ????
Science
?????
14
????????????????????????
Science
15
????????
1.????????? 2.???????????????????? 3.?????????????
???
????
16
??!?????????Science?Nature???
17
Nature
  • Fehr, E. Gachter, S. Altruistic punishment in
    humans, 2002, Nature, 425, 137-140.
  • Sanfey AG, Rilling JK, Aronson JA, Nystrom LE,
    Cohen JD. 2003, The neural basis of economic
    decision making in the ultimatum game. Science,
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  • Fehr, E. Fischbacher, U. 2003, The nature of
    human altruism. Nature 425, 785791.
  • Fehr, E. Rockenbach, B. 2003, Detrimental
    effects of sanctions on human altruism, Nature,
    422, 137-140.
  • de Quervain1, D. et al. 2004, The Neural Basis of
    Altruistic Punishment, Science, 305, 1254-1258.
  • Kosfeld M, Heinrichs M, Zak PJ, Fischbacher U,
    Fehr E. 2005, Oxytocin increases trust in humans.
    Nature, 435673676.
  • King-Casas B, Tomlin D, Anen C, Camerer CF,
    Quartz SR, Montague PR. 2005, Getting to know
    you Reputation and trust in a two-person
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  • Camerer C. and Fehr, E, 2006, When Does 'Economic
    Man' Dominate Social Behavior? Science, 311,
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    are modulated by the perceived fairness of
    others. Nature, 439, 466469.

Science
Science?Nature??????????????(?????)1
18
Science
  • K. Fliessbach, B. Weber, P. Trautner, T. Dohmen,
    U. Sunde, C. E. Elger and Falk, A. 2007, Social
    Comparison Affects Reward-Related Brain Activity
    in the Human Ventral Striatum, Science, 318, 1305
    1308.
  • Fliessbach K, Weber B, Trautner P, Dohmen T,
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    McElreath, R. Smirnov, O. 2007, Egalitarian
    motives in humans. Nature, 446, 794796.
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    Nature, 452, 348-351 
  • Bowles, S. 2008, Policies Designed for
    Self-Interested Citizens May Undermine "The Moral
    Sentiments" Evidence from Economic Experiments,
    Science, 320, 1605-1609.
  • Fehr, E. 2008, Egalitarianism in young children,
    Nature, 454, 1079-1083
  • Gachter, S., Renner, E. And Sefton, M., 2008, The
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Nature
Science?Nature??????????????(?????)2
19
Nature
  • David G. Rand et al. 2009, Positive Interactions
    Promote Public Cooperation, Science, 325,
    1272-1275.
  • Krajbich I. et al. 2009, Using Neural Measures of
    Economic Value to Solve the Public Goods
    Free-Rider Problem, Science, 326, 596-599.
  • Falk A, Heckman JJ. Lab experiments are a major
    source of knowledge in the social sciences. 2009,
    Science, 326535538.
  • Ule A, Schram A, Riedl A, Cason TN. 2009,
    Indirect punishment and generosity toward
    strangers.Science, 32617011704.
  • Henrich, J., Ensimger, J., McElreath, R., Barr,
    A., Barrett, C., Bolyanatz, A., Cardenas, J. C.,
    Gurven, M., Gwako, E., Henrich, N., Lesorogol,
    C., Marlowe, F., Tracer, D., Ziker, J. 2010,
    Markets, Religion, Community Size, and the
    Evolution of Fairness and Punishment. Science,
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    the Study of Social-Ecological Systems, Science,
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    Costly Monitoring Explain Success in Forest
    Commons Management, Science, 330, 961-965.
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    -40
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    action policies promote women and do not harm
    efficiency in the lab. Science, 335, 579-582.

Science
Science?Nature??????????????(?????)3
20
????
????????
1.???????????????,???????????????? ??????????????
??????? ?????????????? ????????? ????EE 2.???????
??????????????????? ????????????????
21
???
???Henrich et al.(2010)
The weirdest people in the world
Levit and List(2007)

What Do Laboratory Experiments
Measuring
Social Preferences Reveal About the Real
World? ???Falk and Heckman(2009)
Lab experiments are a major source of
knowledge in the
social sciences
Croson and Gächter (2010)
The science of experimental economics
???Simth (2010) Gächter (2010) ??
???
22
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23
??????????????
?
???????????1??????????????
Fehr and Schmidt(1999) Quarterly journal of
Economics A theory of fairness,
competition, and cooperation
5900? Rabin (1993) American Economic Review
Incorporating fairness into game theory
and economics 3734? Kahneman
and Tversky (1979) Econometrica
Prospect theory An analysis of decision under
risk 27889? Holt and Laury
(2002) American Economic Review Risk
aversion and incentive effects
2243? Güth et.al
(1982) Journal of Economic Behaviour and
Organizations An experimental analysis
of ultimatum bargaining
2717? Berg et.al (1995) Games and Economic
Behavior Trust, reciprocity, and
social history
2652? Ledyard (1995) The Handbook
of. Experimental Economics Public
goods A survey of experimental research
2616?
????? ????????
??20131016
24
???????????2???????????
  • ???????ESAusing controlled experiments to
    learn about economic behavior (1986 Vernon Smith)
  • ???????Experimental Economics (1998)
  • ???????
  • ??????????

25
???????????3????????????? (?AER2011???7???)
  • Vol. 101, No. 1, February 2011
  • Is Tiger Woods Loss Averse? Persistent Bias in
    the Face of Experience, Competition, and High
    Stakes (pp. 129-57) Devin G. Pope and Maurice E.
    Schweitzer
  • The Evolution of Cooperation in Infinitely
    Repeated Games Experimental Evidence (pp.
    411-29) Pedro Dal Bó and Guillaume R. Fréchette
  • Vol. 101, No. 2, April 2011
  • Reference Points and Effort Provision (pp.
    470-92) Johannes Abeler, Armin Falk, Lorenz
    Goette and David Huffman
  • Contracts as Reference PointsExperimental
    Evidence (pp. 493-525) Ernst Fehr, Oliver Hart
    and Christian Zehnder
  • The Economics of Credence Goods An Experiment on
    the Role of Liability, Verifiability, Reputation,
    and Competition (pp. 526-55) Uwe Dulleck, Rudolf
    Kerschbamer and Matthias Sutter
  • Performance Pay and Multidimensional Sorting
    Productivity, Preferences, and Gender (pp.
    556-90) Thomas Dohmen and Armin Falk

1
26
???????????3????????????? (?AER2011???7???)
  • Vol. 101, No. 2, April 2011
  • Heterogeneity in Risky Choice Behavior in a Broad
    Population (pp. 664-94) Hans-Martin von
    Gaudecker, Arthur van Soest and Erik Wengstrom
  • The Rich Domain of Uncertainty Source Functions
    and Their Experimental Implementation (pp.
    695-723) Mohammed Abdellaoui, Aurélien Baillon,
    Laetitia Placido and Peter P. Wakker
  • Search Dynamics in Consumer Choice under Time
    Pressure An Eye-Tracking Study (pp.
    900-926) Elena Reutskaja, Rosemarie Nagel, Colin
    F. Camerer and Antonio Rangel
  • Coordination in the Presence of Asset Markets
    (pp. 927-47) Shimon Kogan, Anthony M. Kwasnica
    and Roberto A. Weber
  • Real-Time Search in the Laboratory and the Market
    (pp. 948-74) Meta Brown, Christopher J. Flinn and
    Andrew Schotter
  • Checkmate Exploring Backward Induction among
    Chess Players (pp. 975-90) Steven D. Levitt, John
    A. List and Sally E. Sadoff

2
27
???????????3????????????? (?AER2011???7???)
  • Vol. 101, No. 2, February 2011
  • The Willingness to PayWillingness to Accept Gap,
    the "Endowment Effect," Subject Misconceptions,
    and Experimental Procedures for Eliciting
    Valuations Comment (pp. 991-1011) Andrea Isoni,
    Graham Loomes and Robert Sugden
  • The Willingness to PayWillingness to Accept Gap,
    the "Endowment Effect," Subject Misconceptions,
    and Experimental Procedures for Eliciting
    Valuations Reply (pp. 1012-28) Charles R. Plott
    and Kathryn Zeiler
  • Stationary Concepts for Experimental 2 X 2 Games
    Comment (pp. 1029-40) Christoph Brunner, Colin F.
    Camerer and Jacob K. Goeree
  • Stationary Concepts for Experimental 2 X 2 Games
    Reply (pp. 1041-44) Reinhard Selten, Thorsten
    Chmura and Sebastian J. Goerg

3
28
???????????3????????????? (?AER2011???7???)
  • Vol. 101, No. 3, May 2011
  • Do Residential Customers Respond to Hourly
    Prices? Evidence from a Dynamic Pricing
    Experiment (pp. 83-87) Frank A. Wolak
  • Using Field Experiments in Environment and
    Resource Economics
  • Does Market Experience Eliminate Market
    Anomalies? The Case of Exogenous Market
    Experience (pp. 313-17) John A. List
  • The Persistence of Treatment Effects with
    Norm-Based Policy Instruments Evidence from a
    Randomized Environmental Policy Experiment (pp.
    318-22) Paul J. Ferraro, Juan Jose Miranda and
    Michael K. Price
  • Can Tailored Communications Motivate
    Environmental Volunteers? A Natural Field
    Experiment (pp. 323-28) Omar Al-Ubaydli and Min
    Lee
  • Using Artefactual Field Experiments to Learn
    about the Incentives for Sustainable Forest Use
    in Developing Economies (pp. 329-33) Maarten
    Voors, Erwin Bulte, Andreas Kontoleon, John A.
    List and Ty Turley
  • Teacher Mobility Responses to Wage Changes
    Evidence from a Quasi-natural Experiment (pp.
    460-65) Torberg Falch
  • Social Preferences and Fairness Norms as Informal
    Institutions Experimental Evidence (pp.
    509-13) Pamela Jakiela

4
29
???????????3????????????? (?AER2011???7???)
  • Vol. 101, No. 4, June 2011
  • Participation (pp. 1211-37) Gary Charness and
    Martin Dufwenberg
  • Face Value (pp. 1497-1513) Catherine C. Eckel and
    Ragan Petrie
  • Group Size and Incentives to Contribute A
    Natural Experiment at Chinese Wikipedia (pp.
    1601-15) Xiaoquan (Michael) Zhang and Feng Zhu
  • Corrigendum Psychological Pressure in
    Competitive Environments Evidence from a
    Randomized Natural Experiment (page 1636) Jose
    Apesteguia and Ignacio Palacios-Huerta
  • Vol. 101, No. 5, August 2011
  • An Experimental Component Index for the CPI From
    Annual Computer Data to Monthly Data on Other
    Goods (pp. 1707-38) Tim Erickson and Ariel Pakes
  • Vol. 101, No. 6, October 2011
  • Nudging Farmers to Use Fertilizer Theory and
    Experimental Evidence from Kenya (pp.
    2350-90) Esther Duflo, Michael Kremer and
    Jonathan Robinson
  • The Potential of Social Identity for Equilibrium
    Selection (pp. 2562-89) Roy Chen and Yan Chen

5
30
???????????3????????????? (?AER2011???7???)
  • Vol. 101, No. 7, December 2011
  • Happiness and Time Preference The Effect of
    Positive Affect in a Random-Assignment
    Experiment (pp. 3109-29)
  • John Ifcher and Homa Zarghamee
  • Extreme Walrasian Dynamics The Gale Example in
    the Lab (pp. 3196-3220)
  • Sean Crockett, Ryan Oprea and Charles
    Plott
  • Relative Earnings and Giving in a Real-Effort
    Experiment (pp. 3330-48) Nisvan Erkal, Lata
    Gangadharan and Nikos Nikiforakis
  • Stakes Matter in Ultimatum Games (pp. 3427-39)
  • Steffen Andersen, Seda Ertaç, Uri Gneezy,
    Moshe Hoffman and John A. List

6
31
??????Top?????????
Charles Noussair Trends in publication
Experimental Economics

32
??????????
?
?? Gary Charness, Ninghua Du, and Chun-Lei
Yang,2010,Trust and Trustworthiness Reputations
in an Investment Game, Games and Economic
Behavior
?? ??
33
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34
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35
?????????? What the experimental economics can
do
?? ????????????????
??????? ?????????? ???????????????? ??????????
?,????,?????
36
???? ???? ?????? ?????? ???? ???? ???? ???? ???? ?
????????? ?????????,??????????
??????????(????) The topics in the Experimental
Economics
37
Martin Kocher
38
Sheheryar Banuri
39
Joseph Tao-yi Wang
40
??????
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    Imperfect Market, Journal of Political Economy,
    95108.
  • Vernon Smith (1962), An Experimental Study of
    Competitive Market Behavior, Journal of
    Political Economy, 70, 111-137.
  • Charles Plott and Shyam Sunder (1982),
    Efficiency of Experimental Security Markets with
    Insider Information An Application of
    RationalExpectations Models, Journal of
    Political Economy, 90, 663698.
  • Robert Forsythe, Thomas Palfrey and Charles Plott
    (1984), Futures Markets and Information
    Efficiency A Laboratory Examination, Journal of
    Finance, 39, 955981.7
  • D. Gode and Shyam Sunder (1993), Allocative
    Efficiency of Markets with ZeroIntelligence
    Traders Market as a Partial Substitute for
    Individual Rationality, Journal of Political
    Economy, 101, 119137.
  • Charles Plott (1996), Rational Individual
    Behavior in Markets and Social Choice Processes
    The Discovered Preference Hypothesis, in The
    Rational Foundations of Economic Behavior, K.
    Arrow, E. Colombatto, M. Perlaman and C. Schmidt
    (eds) Macmillan and New York St Martins Press,
    225250.
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    Eliminate Market Anomalies, Quarterly Journal of
    Economics, 4171.

41
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42
????
43
??????
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    Provision of Public Goods. I. Resources,
    Interest, Group Size, and the Free-rider
    Problem, American Journal of Sociology, 1979,
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    Experimental Analysis of Ultimatium Bargaining,
    Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization,
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    Reciprocity and Social History, Games and
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    Fehr, H. Gintis and R. McElreath, In Search of
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    Small-Scale Societies, American Economic Review,
    2001, 91(2), 7378.
  • Camerer, C., Behavioral Game TheoryExperiments
    on Strategic Interaction. Princeton University
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44
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45
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    Equity, Reciprocity, and Competition, American
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    GARP An Experimental Test of the Consistency of
    Preferences for Altruism, Econometrica, 2002,
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    Preferences with Simple Tests, Quarterly Journal
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    Sequential Reciprocity, Games and Economic
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    Reciprocity, Journal of Economic Literature,
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    Kevin F., 1995, Trust, Reciprocity, and Social
    History. Games and Economic Behavior, 10, pp.
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    2000, "Measuring Trust." Quartery Journal of
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    Reciprocity, Games and Economic Behavior, 46,
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    Trust, voluntary cooperation, and socio-economic
    background survey and experimental evidence,
    Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization,
    55(4), pp.505531.
  • Holm, H. J. and A. Danielson, 2005, Tropic Trust
    versus Nordic Trust Experimental Evidence From
    Tanzania And Sweden, The Economic Journal,
    115(503), 505532.
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    to Measure Social Capital and Predict Financial
    Decisions, American Economic Review, 95(5), pp.
    1688-1699.
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    Trust and Cooperation Social Capital and
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48
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49
????
50
????
51
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52
?????????
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    Aversion and Incentive Effects, American
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? ???,??????????????,?????????,2006?? ???
?????????????,???????,2011??
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