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Introduction to The Department of mining, petroleum and metallurgical engineering

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Title: Introduction to The Department of mining, petroleum and metallurgical engineering


1
Introduction to The Department of mining,
petroleum and metallurgical engineering
2
Prof Dr. Salah El-Din El-MoftySeptember 2008
3
Introduction to MPM dept.
  • The dept. of MPM encompasses programs concerned
    with finding, production, management and
    utilization of mineral resources, Oil and Gas.
  • One of the strong points in this dept. is the
    interaction between various groups within and
    outside the department.

4
Introduction to MPM dept.
  • There are three B.Cs. Degrees given by this
    department which are
  • Mining Engineering B.Sc.
  • Petroleum Engineering B.Sc.
  • Metallurgical B.Sc.

5
Introduction to MPM dept
  • The programs in the department can be divided
    into three broad interrelated areas which are
  • Mining Engineering Division
  • Petroleum Engineering Division
  • Metallurgical Engineering Division

6
1.Mining Engineering Division
  • It is the branch responsible for extracting
    mineral wealth from earths crust for direct use
    or for subsequent processing.
  • It impacts all down stream industries such as
    metal, nonmetal, chemical, agricultural,
    construction, space industries.

7
1.Mining Engineering Division
  • It provides engineering courses such as
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Geology
  • Rock Mechanics
  • Ventilation
  • Mining Engineering
  • Surveying
  • Mineral Processing

8
1.Mining Engineering Division
  • The mining division is well equipped with several
    laboratories and pilot scale units.
  • These include the fields of
  • Mine surveying
  • Rock mechanics
  • Mine ventilation
  • Mining geology
  • Ore mineralogy
  • Material Technology Chemical Analysis

9
1.Mining Engineering Division
  • Graduates are capable of executing and managing
    the following engineering duties
  • Surveying
  • Quarry and open pit engineering
  • Underground mining
  • Material processing and Material processing plant
    design
  • Mine ventilation
  • Road construction
  • Tunneling

10
2. Petroleum Engineering division
  • Teaching petroleum engineering started in the
    fall of 1944.
  • At that time, the department was the first of its
    kind in the Middle East and Africa.

11
2. Petroleum Engineering division
  • Besides the B.Sc., the department grants two
    postgraduate diplomas in exploration and
    production engineering, an M.Sc. And Ph.D.
    degrees in petroleum engineering.

12
2. Petroleum Engineering division
  • Relationship between the teaching stuff and the
    industry is rather excellent.
  • Most of the postgraduates are industry members
    and the topics of their research work address
    industry problems.

13
3. Metallurgical Engineering Division
  • Metallurgical Engineering embraces science and
    technology of making and treating of metals and
    alloys.
  • Physics and chemistry of metals are the
    foundation of this specialty which is applied to
    industries including iron and steel making,
    aluminum industry, foundries, heat treatment
    shops and nuclear fuel cycle.

14
3. Metallurgical Engineering Division
  • It is well equipped with laboratories that cover
  • Wet chemical analysis
  • Optical metallographic
  • X-ray diffraction
  • Scanning electron microscope
  • Mechanical testing

15
3. Metallurgical Engineering Division
  • The relationship of this division with the
    industry is strong and fruitful for both sides.
  • Applied research contracted with industry is
    taken as the subjects of M.Sc. And Ph.D. thesis
    and helps and development of the industry.
  • Short term projects in topics like local
    manufacturing, failure analysis and corrosion
    control are normal business of the faculty
    members.

16
  • Mining Division

17
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18
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19
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20
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21
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  • ?????? 2008

22
Rocks
23
  • Rocks are naturally occurring solids composed of
    one or more minerals.
  • Rocks are identified by the minerals they contain
    and are grouped according to their origin into
    three major classes
  • Sedimentary
  • Igneous
  • Metamorphic

24
Sedimentary rocks are formed from- (1) the
weathering and transport of pre-existing
rocks(2) the chemical precipitation of
sedimentsExamples of sedimentary rocks are
Limestone
25
Igneous rocks result from the cooling of molten
rock or magma to create rocks like Granites
26
Metamorphic rocks have been physically and
mineralogically changed by heat and pressure to
form another type of rock for example, the
sedimentary rock limestone will become the
metamorphic rock Marble
27
  • Minerals

28
Definitions of Minerals
  • Geology definition-
  • a naturally occuring in organic element
    or compound have orderly internal structure and
    characteristic chemical composition, crystal
    form, and physical.
  • Economic definitions-
  • when economists, engineers, and
    scientists use the word "mineral" in an economic
    context, they generally use the terms "industrial
    minerals" or "mineral resources." The term
    "mineral resources" refers to the occurrence of
    any mineral commodity that could be removed from
    the ground.

29
Class set of minerals
30
Gold
Barite
Muscovite
Ilmenite
31
  • Mining Methods

32
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33
  • Open Pit Surface Mine
  • The definition of a open pit mine is "an
    excavation or cut made at the surface of the
    ground for the purpose of extracting ore and
    which is open to the surface for the duration of
    the mines life.

34
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35
  • Underground mining
  • Underground mining involves the
    excavation of tunnels and rooms beneath Earth's
    surface. Compared to surface mining, underground
    mining is expensive and dangerous.

36
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37
  • Petroleum Division
  • Prof .Dr. Abd El- Satar Dahab

38
Introduction to Petroleum Industry
39
Structured around major activities
  • Up Stream
  • Exploration
  • Drilling
  • Production
  • Reservoir

40
Structured around major activities
  • Down Stream
  • Transportation
  • Refining
  • Petrochemicals
  • Marketing
  • Division of work may change time, location,
    size, policies, laws

41
Traits of the Oil and Gas industry
  1. Require large investments
  2. Entail high technical and political risks
  3. Products are exhaustible no recycling
  4. Has a great influence of foreign societies
  5. Has major international companies and many local
    or international independents
  6. Deal with strategic commodities
  7. Heavily use high technology

42
Weight of the ME in Worlds Energy
  1. Share of production in 30 ( 22 MMB/D )
  2. Low regional consumption
  3. Big share of reserves oil 65 , Gas 30
  4. Low production cost
  5. Strategic location
  6. Surplus refined products ( 23 from their
    production )

43
The Future Weight of ME
  1. World will still depend on oil and gas
  2. ME lead will continue
  3. Major reserves will remain in the ME

44
Main Market of Middle East Oil
Area of Imports
USA 21
OECD , Europe 43.2
Japan 64
Eastern Asia 80
45
Major ME exporters of LNG
Area Million tons / year
Qatar 40
Algeria 14.7
Iran 5
Abu Dhabi 3.4
The ME will Enjoy its central position for the years to come . The ME will Enjoy its central position for the years to come .
46
Sedimentary Rocks
Sediments
Metamorphic Rocks
Igneous Rocks
Magma
The Rock Cycle
47
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48
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49
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50
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51
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52
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53
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54
Geophysical Prospecting Methods
  • 1) Magnetic Surveying
  • Where F - magnetic Force.
  • A constant generally unity.
  • M1 M2 strength of the respective poles.
  • r distance between poles.

M1 M2 r
F a
2
55
  • 2) Gravity Surveying
  • Where F Gravitational force between two
    point masses M1 M2
  • d Distance between M1 M2
  • G Gravitational constant
  • ( 6.67 10 m / kg S )

M1 M2 d
F G
2
-11
2
3
56
  • 3) Seismic Surveying .
  • 4) Remote Sensing
  • Collection of data without the actual contact of
    the object . ( aeromagnetic gravity ) .
  • Useful for topographic mapping specially in
    desert areas
  • When used in conjunction with other techniques
    such as gravity magnetic , it may delineate
    anomalies that deserve further attention on the
    ground

57
  • Rigs, Drill String\START.EXE

58
  • Metallurgical Division
  • Prof. Dr. Randa Abd-El Karim

59
Introduction to Metallurgical Engineering
60
The aluminium story adding and retaining value
ALUMINIUM PRODUCTION
61
GHGs from Primary Aluminium Production
Alumina Production 1.5 2.5 t CO2eq/t Al IAI
average 1.9
PFC Generation 0.02 24.5 t CO2eq/t Al Global
average 1.26
Electricity Input 15.6 MWh/t Al 0 20.8 t CO2/t
Al IAI average 5.8
Anode Carbon 1.7 2.1 t CO2eq/t Al IAI average
2.0
Source IAI Life Cycle Inventory Data
IAI 2003 PFC Survey
  • GHG from Primary Aluminium Production
  • Two PFC (perfluorocarbon compounds - CF4 and
    C2F6) contribute about 40 of direct primary
    aluminium GHG emissions

62
Nano Materials Automotive example
  • Carbon nanotubes based alloys are being examined
    as a replacement for automobile frames due to
    their high strength and reduced weight
  • Nano-scale metal oxide ceramic catalysts will
    further reduce harmful emissions
  • Nano-powders and coatings will increase
    durability of paint coatings
  • Nano-catalysts and membrane technologies will
    play critical role in making fuel cells
    economically viable and replacing the internal
    combustion engine
  • The unique combination of stiffness and toughness
    of nano-polymer composites will make these
    lightweight materials ideal substitutes for steel
    in automobiles. Additionally, nanopolymer
    composite panels enables electrostatic painting,
    greatly reducing paint costs and environmental
    issues

63
A picture of nanofibrils shown with a human hair
for reference (reproduced with permission from
Espin Technologies, Inc.)
64
AN EXAMPLE OF WHAT CORROSION CAN DO
65
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66
Severe Corrosion Environment

67
Corroded C-141

68
Corroded C-141

69
Environmental Pollution
70
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71
Thank You
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