Chapter 13 The Rise of the Middle Ages - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Chapter 13 The Rise of the Middle Ages PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 5e6d1d-MjQ5O



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Chapter 13 The Rise of the Middle Ages

Description:

Chapter 13 The Rise of the Middle Ages Section 1. The Rise of The Franks The Franken Rulers For the hundreds of years following the fall of the Western Roman Empire ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:139
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 19
Provided by: Michael98
Category:
Tags: ages | chapter | middle | music | rise

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Chapter 13 The Rise of the Middle Ages


1
Chapter 13 The Rise of the Middle Ages
  • Section 1.
  • The Rise of
  • The Franks

2
The Franken Rulers
  • For the hundreds of years following the fall of
    the Western Roman Empire, Europe was in a state
    of disorder and change
  • Gradually Europe began to restore order
  • This period was known as the Middle Ages or the
    medieval period of Europe
  • A Germanic tribe that plundered Europe and had a
    lasting impact on the culture, were the Franks

3
Clovis and the Merovingians
  • In 481 a ruler named Clovis became king of one of
    the Frankish tribes and conquered and absorbed
    other Frankish tribes
  • Clovis and his successors were called
    Merovingians
  • Because Clovis and his Merovingians were
    Christians they had the support of the church
  • After Clovis died his successors were generally
    weak. Until eventually the chief of the royal
    kingdom aka mayor of the palace became the real
    ruler. Even though the title king still existed,
    they did not have much pull in the kingdom.
  • One of these mayors was Pepin II who ruled from
    A.D.687 to 714. Pepin and his successors united
    the Frankish kingdoms

4
Charles Martel and Pepin the Short
  • Pepin II died and his son Charles Martel aka
    Charles the Hammer became mayor
  • Martels cavalry defeated the Spanish Moors when
    they tried to invade France
  • When Martel died in 741, his son Pepin III called
    the short became joint ruler with his brother
    Carloman
  • Pepin overthrew the actual king, Childric III,
    and established the Carolingians, a new line of
    Frankish rulers.
  • Having the Popes blessing, Pepin had no problems
    establishing the new Carolingian dynasty
  • This paved the way for the rise of Pepins son,
    Charlemagne, the greatest of all Frankish kings

5
Coronation of Pepin the Short
6
Charlemagnes Empire
  • Charlemagne held the Frankish throne between A.D.
    768 to A.D. 814
  • Charlemagne defeated the Lombards in Italy, the
    Saxons in Germany, the Avars in central Europe.
    He tried to conquer all of Muslim of Spain but
    was only able to push them back across the
    Pyrenees
  • On Christmas Day of the year 800 Charlemagne was
    in Rome to pray at St. Peters Basilica when Pope
    Leo III declared him Emperor of the Romans
  • Although the Roman Empire was long gone this
    gesture indicated Charlemagnes importance to
    Europe

7
Charlemagne
8
Government under Charlemagne
  • Charlemagnes empire was divided into separate
    regions. Each region was governed on behalf of
    the emperor by counts
  • He established his capital at the Frankish city
    of Aix-la-Chapelle (today the German city of
    Aachen)
  • Charlemagne put into effect a policy of checks
    and balances with officials called missi dominici
    they traveled through the empire listening to
    complaints, making sure the laws were effective
    and ensuring the counts were ruling in the
    empires best interest rather than their own

9
(No Transcript)
10
Education and Learning
  • Charlemagne placed a great emphasis on education
  • Scholars- usually monks- were brought in from all
    over Europe to teach at the schools
  • Schools established by Charlemagne were based on
    Roman schools emphasizing grammar, rhetoric,
    logic, math, music and astronomy
  • He also brought together scholars to make a
    readable version of the Bible, which was called
    Caroline Minuscule

11
A page from the Caroline Minuscule
12
The Decline of the Frankish Empire
  • After Charlemagnes death in 814 the empire
    started to decline
  • Charlemagnes grandsons Lothair, Charles the
    Bald, Louis the German agreed to divide the
    empire amongst themselves. This agreement signed
    in 843 became known as the Treaty of Verdun
  • the Treaty of Verdun contributed to the fall of
    Charlemagnes empire because the grandsons
    fought amongst themselves rather than uniting.
  • The fall of the empire came with invasions by the
    Muslims from Africa, the Slavs from the east, the
    Magyars (nomads also from the east) and the most
    feared of the invaders the Vikings

13
The division of Charlemagnes Empire
14
The Vikings
  • The Vikings were Germanic people from the present
    day countries of Norway, Sweden and.
  • The Vikings customs and myths were centered on
    pagan gods
  • Their government, although ruled by kings and
    nobles, was quite democratic
  • Vikings would sail down rivers and raid and loot
    cities and take the survivors back to Scandinavia
    to be used as slaves

15
(No Transcript)
16
Viking ship
17
Review
  • Why did Clovis and his Merovingians have the
    support of the church?
  • On Christmas Day of the year 800 what did Pope
    Leo III declare Charlemagne?
  • What were the schools that Charlemagne
    established based on?
  • What was the agreement where Lothair, Charles the
    Bald, Louis the German agreed to divide the
    empire amongst themselves called?

18
Ewa Laurance the Striking Viking
About PowerShow.com