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Russian and Tokugawa Empires 1450-1750

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Russian and Tokugawa Empires 1450-1750 Aim: Describe the major political, economic and social achievements of the Asian empires? Rise of Empire: Russia Ivan the Great ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Russian and Tokugawa Empires 1450-1750


1
Russian and Tokugawa Empires 1450-1750
  • Aim Describe the major political, economic and
    social achievements of the Asian empires?

2
Rise of Empire Russia
  • Ivan the Great (1440-1505)
  • Creates a strong army
  • Used loyalties to the Orthodox Church
  • Ivan the Terrible (1533-1584)
  • Increased power of the tsar
  • Patterns of Expansion
  • Cossacks
  • End independence of Central Asia
  • Multinational Empire

3
Ivan the Great
Ivan the Terrible
4
Political Systems Russia
  • Tsarist Autocracy
  • Bureaucracy
  • Pugachev Rebellion
  • European-style military
  • Gunpowder
  • Western Expansion
  • Western capital
  • Warm water port
  • Partition of Poland
  • Frequent wars with the Ottoman Empire

5
Social Systems Russia
  • Rise of Serfdom
  • Encouraged by the government
  • Lacked the bureaucracy needed to control the
    people
  • Made hereditary in 1649
  • Strengthened by Catherine the Great
  • Conditions of Serfs
  • Serfs could be bought sold
  • Used village governments to regulate lives
  • Illiterate and very poor
  • Led to rebellions
  • Pugachev rebellion

6
Culture Russia
  • Westernization
  • Peter the Great
  • Traveled to the West to study science
    technology
  • Modernized the military the economy
  • Women were given more freedoms
  • Encouraged Western culture

7
Culture Russia
  • Catherine the Great
  • Enlightened despot
  • Built schools and hospitals
  • Religious tolerance
  • Patronized Western art
  • Hermitage Museum
  • Censored political writings that encouraged
    democracy and abolition of serfdom
  • Radishev

Catherine the Great
8
John Muir in Russia, 1903
  • This site surveys the reflections made by
    American naturalist John Muir during a visit to
    Russia in 1903. Muir, like most travelers, sees
    what he wants to seem or expects to see. Or does
    he?
  • http//www.sierraclub.org/john_muir_exhibit/john_m
    uir_newsletter/john_muir_in_russia_by_bill_brennan
    .aspx
  • In 1903, Russia was on the brink of implosion.
    How did it seem to Muir? What kind of insight can
    you derive from Muirs views of the Russian
    countryside? Was Russia one vast Potemkin
    Village? Was it difficult for a mere traveler to
    perceive dark undercurrents, or was much of
    Russia simply better off than the those who
    opposed the Czarist regime argued? Perhaps it was
    a mixture of all these factors. Refer to specific
    references in this essay as you offer an answer
    to these questions.

9
Unification of Japan
  • Four centuries of feudal warfare ended in 1600 CE
  • Oda Nobunaga (d. 1582)
  • Introduced firearms to Japanese warfare
  • Made alliances with Christian missionaries
  • Toyotomi Hideyoshi (d. 1598)
  • Tokugawa Ieyasu (d. 1616)
  • Finally unified Japan in 1603
  • Starting the Tokugawa Shogunate
  • Japan becomes a feudalmonarchy

10
Japanese Isolation
  • Early support for foreigners replaced with
    xenophobia
  • Many rejected Chinese learning
  • Supported the school of National Learning
  • Passed a series of seclusion acts
  • Japanese seclusion act of 1636
  • Limited influence of the West
  • Dutch were limited to the port of Nagasaki
  • Some interest in Western ideas continued
  • Schools of Dutch Studies

11
Tokugawa Culture
  • Tea houses, brothels, theater, and public baths
    were popular
  • New forms of theater kabuki bunraku (elaborate
    puppet shows)
  • Ukiyo-e or woodblock prints

12
Life in Tokugawa Japan
  • http//www.docstoc.com/docs/147275961/Life-in-Toku
    gawa-Japan
  • This site offers a glimpse into the social
    structure of Tokugawa society.
  • Questions
  • What was one element that characterized all or
    part of each of these strata or levels? Are the
    eta similar to any outcast group in Asia in terms
    of their occupation?

13
Rulers at the end of the 16th century
  • Left to Right
  • Akbar the Great (1542-1605)
  • Elizabeth I the Virgin Queen (1533-1603)
  • Tokugawa Ieyasu (1543-1616)
  • Shah Abbas the Great (1571-1629)

14
Comparative Essay Question 2007
  • Compare the historical processes of empire
  • building in the Spanish maritime empire during
  • the period from 1450 through 1800 with the
  • historical processes of empire building in ONE of
  • the following land-based empires.
  • The Ottoman Empire
  • OR
  • The Russian Empire
  • https//sites.google.com/site/worldofcrowe/essayhe
    lp-apworldhistory
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