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L8: The Rise of Stalin and Stalinism

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Joseph Stalin Born Iosif Dzhugashvili 1878-1953 Was arrested and exiled to Siberia 7 times for his political activity Took the name Stalin from the Russian ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: L8: The Rise of Stalin and Stalinism


1
L8 The Rise of Stalin and Stalinism
  • Agenda
  • Objective
  • To understand
  • How Stalin came to power.
  • What Stalin Believed
  • His Vision for Russia
  • The Means He Advocated to Achieve that Vision.
  • Schedule
  • Discussion
  • Group Work
  • Discussion
  • Homework
  • Work on prewriting check-in. Rolling Deadline.

2
Life Under Lenin
  • Based on our group work from last class, how
    would you describe life in Lenins Soviet Union
  • Politically?
  • Economically?
  • Socially/Culturally?
  • Overall, what type of country was Lenin trying to
    create and what were the means he used to get
    there?

3
Lenin Dies
  • In 1924 Lenin dies of stroke at the age of 53.
  • His body is embalmed and put on display in a
    mausoleum in Moscow, where it remains today.

4
Who Will Assume Power?
  • There was a power struggle between two prominent
    members for who would replace Lenin
  • Leon Trotsky
  • Joseph Stalin

5
Leon Trotsky
  • Born Lev Davidovich Bronshtein
  • 1879-1940
  • Early supporter of the Mensheviks, but joined the
    Bolsheviks before the Russian Revolution.
  • Founder and Commander of the Red Army
  • Advocated, like Lenin, that the goal of the USSR
    was to create a world-wide communist revolution.

6
Joseph Stalin
  • Born Iosif Dzhugashvili
  • 1878-1953
  • Was arrested and exiled to Siberia 7 times for
    his political activity
  • Took the name Stalin from the Russian word for
    steel.
  • Participated in the Bolshevik revolution
  • Was the General Secretary of the Communist Party

7
Stalin Assumes Power
  • Lenin wrote in 1922 that he did not want Stalin
    to be his successor because he was rude, sought
    excessive power, and held differing political
    views from Lenin.
  • However, after Lenins death Stalin used his
    power as Party Secretary to eject his political
    rivals from the Party.
  • Without significant opposition, he then garnered
    the support of the remaining Party members who
    declared him the new leader.
  • Stalin also exiled Trotsky to Mexico, where he
    was later killed by Stalins henchmen.

8
What Was Stalins Vision and Plan for the Soviet
Union?
  • To understand Stalins vision for the Soviet
    Union, as well as to preview the style of rule he
    used to achieve that reading, we will read and
    compare speeches by Lenin and Stalin.
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