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OPEN TUTORING SESSION PRONUNCIATION

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OPEN TUTORING SESSION PRONUNCIATION USING THE IPA EFFECTIVELY Objectives Talk about the IPA in order to get familiar with its symbols. Identify the most important ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: OPEN TUTORING SESSION PRONUNCIATION


1
OPEN TUTORING SESSION PRONUNCIATION USING THE
IPA EFFECTIVELY
2
Objectives
  • Talk about the IPA in order to get familiar with
    its symbols.
  • Identify the most important differences between
    the phonetic systems of Spanish and English and
    spot the most difficult English sounds for
    Spanish speakers
  • Get familiar with some resources that are
    available to practice pronunciation

3
In your experience
what is the IPA? have you ever had any problem
while pronouncing some sounds in English? Which
ones? do you recognize or know which sound is
represented by any of the following symbols?
/?/ /?/
/?/ /æ/
/?/
/?/
4
IPA
The International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is an
international system created to represent sounds
of any spoken language. It contains letters of
the alphabet that you already know, as wel as
some others that do not exist. Consonants b,
d, f, g, k, l, m, n, p, s, t,
v, z. Vowels a, e, i, o, u.
5
Consonants
6
Strategy Try to learn the correct way to
pronounce and draw the symbols that are different
from the normal written letters.
/? / Shirt, passion
/?/ Usual, vision
/?/ Thanks, think
/?/ Ring, sink
/ð/ That, brother
/?/ Future, teacher
/?/ Jet, biology
7
Exercise Practice the pronunciation of these
words with the sounds /?/ /?/ /?/ /?/ /ð/
/?/ /j/
  • Pleasure
  • Profession
  • Teacher
  • Magic
  • Yesterday
  • Think
  • Brother

/'ple ??r/ /pr? 'fe ??n/ /'ti ??r/ /'mæ
??k/ /'jes t?r de?/ /???k/ /'br? ð?r/
8
Exercise Find the phonetic transcription of
the following words and then practice their
pronunciation of sounds /?/, /?/, /?/, /?/, /?/,
/?/ and /ð/
  • Measure
  • Nation
  • Bathtub
  • There
  • Tongue
  • Age
  • Question
  • Lawyer

/'me ??r/ /'ne? ??n/ /'bæ? t?b/ /ðer/ /t??/ /e??/
/'kwes ??n/ /'l? j?r/
9
Vowel Sounds
a, e, i, o, u
10
Strategy Try to learn the correct way to
pronounce and draw the symbols that are different
to the normal written letters.
/? / book good
/? / in his
/?/ the about
/?/ birthday first
/?/ board door
/æ/ thanks bag
/?/ but ugly
11
Exercise Practice the pronunciation of these
words with the sounds /?/ /?/ /?/ /æ/ /?/
/?/ /?/
  • Woman
  • Sofa
  • Butter
  • Map
  • Third
  • Tall
  • Building

/'w? m?n/ /'so? f?/ /'b? t?r/ /mæp/ /??rd/ /t?l
/ /'b?l d??/
12
Exercise Find the phonetic transcription of
the following words and then practice their
pronunciation of sounds /? ? ? æ ? ? ?/
  • Full
  • Have
  • Draw
  • Intelligent
  • Cousin
  • Under
  • Thursday
  • /f?l/
  • /hæv/
  • /dr?/
  • /?n 'te l? d??nt/
  • /'k? z?n/
  • /'?n d?r/
  • /'??rz de?/

13
Tongue Twisters
  • - Black back bat.
  • - I saw Susie sitting in a shoe shine shop where
    she sits
  • she shines, and where she shines she sits.
  • - How can a clam cram in a clean cream can?
  • - The thirty-three thieves thought that they
    thrilled the throne throughout Thursday.

14
Why is the use of the IPA necessary?
  • IPA makes the learning of pronunciation easier
  • IPA allows learners to work autonomously on
    pronunciation
  • IPA makes the association of words with the same
    pronunciation easier to, two, too /tu/
  • IPA allows the differentiation of words with
    similar endings thought /??t/, though /ðo?/,
    tough /t?f/ and through /?ru/.

15
Suggestions
  • Identify the sound and the phonetic symbol that
    represents it.
  • Practice the pronunciation of the sounds whose
    symbols are different from the alphabet letters.
    Remember to pay special attention to the position
    of the lips and the tongue as well as the amount
    of air that is needed to produce the sounds.
  • Use the IPA every day to prepare the new
    vocabulary you may encounter in the following
    lesson. Choose at least 5 words daily.

16
Useful Resources
http//www.upodn.com/phun.asp
17
http//www.stuff.co.uk/calcul_nd.htm
18
http//www.uiowa.edu/acadtech/phonetics/
19
By learning to use the IPA, I will understand
that
  • As I learn new vocabulary, it is important that I
    get familiar with its pronunciation.  
  • Minor changes in pronunciation can alter meanings
    significantly.  
  • There are sounds especially difficult for
    Hispanics since they are not present in their
    native language.   
  • I can find patterns that can help me understand
    how to pronounce certain words.  
  • This strategy is there to help you. Using the
    online tools will facilitate understanding of it.
     

20
Thanks
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