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Workplace Hazardous Material Information System (WHMIS)

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Workplace Hazardous Material Information System (WHMIS) Health, Safety & Environment Department MSDS - Sections 5) Fire or Explosion Data Provide information to ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Workplace Hazardous Material Information System (WHMIS)


1
Workplace Hazardous Material Information System
(WHMIS)
Health, Safety Environment Department
2
Outline
  • CLS Health and Safety Policy
  • What is WHMIS?
  • WHMIS
  • Hazard Categories
  • Labels
  • MSDS
  • Training

3
Everyone is responsible for health and safety.
4
HSE Policy
CLSI is committed to provide a safe and
healthful working environment for all staff and
to protect the general public and the environment
from unacceptable risks Approved by CLSI
Executive Director (2001 March 31) Passed by
CLSI Board of Directors (2001 June 26).
5
WHMIS
  • WHMIS is designed to help workers and employers
    to understand the risks posed by hazardous
    materials in the workplace.
  • Identify hazards in the workplace.
  • WHMIS ensures consistency of information provided
    to the workers about the hazardous materials in
    all Canadian Workplaces.
  • This is accomplished with the use of proper
    labels, Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) and
    worker training.

6
Right To Know
The worker has the right to know if the
chemicals being handled are hazardous and if they
are hazardous, what safe handling, storage, use
and disposal measures should be taken.
7
Legislation
  • Federal legislation
  • The Hazardous Products Act
  • Ensures that hazardous products have labels and
    MSDSs
  • The Controlled Products Regulations
  • Identifies the classes of controlled products
  • Identifies the information required on labels and
    in MSDSs
  • The Hazardous Materials Information Review Act
  • Protects Trade Secrets
  • Provincial legislation
  • The Occupational Health Safety Act, 1993
  • The Occupational Health Safety Regulations,
    2007
  • Enforces WHMIS in the workplace

8
Benefits
  • Benefits from the WHMIS program are
  • Better informed workers
  • Safer and healthier working conditions
  • Reduced accidents and illnesses

9
Duties
  • Employer
  • Ensure that all controlled products have WHMIS
    labels
  • Acquires MSDSs and makes them available to all
    workers
  • Trains workers to safely store and handle the
    chemicals
  • Employee
  • Must cooperate with the WHMIS program
  • Use the training to protect their health
  • Must notify Employer if a deficiency is noticed
  • Comply with all Legislation

10
WHMIS Classes
  • WHMIS uses classifications to group chemicals
    with similar properties or hazards. The
    Controlled Products Regulations specifies the
    criteria used to place materials within each
    classification.
  • These classes are
  • Class A Compressed Gas
  • Class B Flammable and Combustible Material
  • Class C Oxidizing Materials
  • Class D Poisonous and Infectious Materials
  • Class E Corrosive Materials
  • Class F Dangerously Reactive Materials

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Labels
  • A WHMIS label is a source of information on all
    controlled products designed to alert workers to
    the dangers and hazards of the products and the
    basic safety precautions to be followed.
  • The label will be the first hazard warning
    workers are likely to see.
  • Supplier Labels
  • Required on all controlled products as a
    condition of sale or import.
  • Workplace Labels
  • Required on materials that have been decanted
    from a larger container.
  • Replace labels that are defaced or lost
  • Product Identifiers
  • Located on pipes and tanks
  • Piles of materials

20
Supplier Label
  • Format
  • Distinctive broken-line WHMIS border
  • Must stand out from the colour of the container
  • Must not conflict with TDG labels
  • English and French must be used
  • Must be durable and easy to read

21
Supplier Label
  • The supplier is required to provide the following
    7 items of information on the label
  • Name of the Product chemical name, brand name,
    trade name or common name
  • Name of the Supplier
  • A reference to the MSDS a statement alerting
    the user that additional information is available
  • Hazard symbols could have more than one symbol
    if the product falls into more than one category
  • Risk Phrases short statement identifying
    hazardous properties
  • Precautionary measures short statement
    describing precautions to be taken when handling,
    using, disposing or being exposed to the
    controlled product
  • First Aid Measures short statement describing
    the immediate steps to be taken when an accident
    occurs.

22
Supplier Label
  • Smaller containers require less information.
  • Containers with volumes lt 100ml
  • Product identifier
  • Supplier identifier
  • A MSDS statement
  • A hazard symbol

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Workplace Label
  • Format
  • No format
  • No hatched border
  • No colour requirements
  • Information Required on the Label
  • Product identifier
  • Safe handling instructions
  • Statement referring to MSDS

25
Workplace Label
(Product identifier) GASOLINE (Precautionary/risk
statement) HIGHLY FLAMMABLE KEEP AWAY FROM OPEN
FLAME (Reference to MSDS) REFER TO MATERIAL
SAFETY DATA SHEET FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
26
Labels
  • Product Identifiers
  • Tags
  • Placards
  • Decals

27
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)
  • What are they?
  • A technical document that summarizes the health
    and safety information on a controlled product
  • Provide detailed information about health risks
  • Describe the properties of the controlled product
  • Informs the worker about safe handling
    requirements
  • Describes applicable protective measures and
    emergency procedures
  • Who is Responsible?
  • The employer is responsible to ensure the MSDS is
    available to all workers
  • Where are they located?
  • Hard Copies
  • Located at the entrances to the laboratories,
    work areas and in the Control Room
  • Computer
  • Manufacturer/supplier websites
  • CCOHS website

28
MSDS
  • Format
  • The MSDS will vary in format from one supplier
    to another. The MSDS may vary in length,
    presentation and wording.
  • It must have a minimum of 9 sections.
  • The sections cannot be left blank, if
    information is unknown then it must be stated in
    the document.
  • All hazardous ingredients must be disclosed.
  • They cannot be more than 3 years old.
  • Care must be taken to read each MSDS and become
    familiar with the document to be able to locate
    the required information.

29
MSDS
  • MSDS Sections
  • Hazardous Ingredients
  • Preparation Information
  • Product Information
  • Physical Data
  • Fire or Explosion Hazard
  • Reactivity Data
  • Toxicological Properties
  • Preventive Measures
  • First Aid Measures

30
MSDS - Sections
  • Hazardous Ingredients
  • This section must provide information on the
    name concentration and toxicity of each of the
    hazardous ingredients of a controlled product.
  • Chemical Identity
  • Concentration
  • CAS Number (Chemical Abstract Service)
  • PIN Number (Product Identification Number)
  • LD50 (lethal dose 50)
  • The lethal single dose required to cause death in
    50 of a test animal population.
  • LC50 (lethal concentration 50)
  • The concentration in air which, administered over
    a specific period of time, is expected to cause
    death in 50 of the test animal population.

31
MSDS - Sections
  • 2) Preparation Information
  • Name of the person or department who prepared the
    document
  • Phone number
  • Preparation date

32
MSDS - Sections
  • 3) Product Information
  • Product Name
  • Product Use
  • Manufacturer Identifier
  • Supplier Name and Address
  • Emergency Phone Numbers

33
MSDS - Sections
  • 4) Physical Data
  • This section provides information on the
    physical properties of the product.
  • Physical State pH
  • Odour and Appearance Odour Threshold
  • Vapour Pressure Vapour Density
  • Boiling Point Freezing Point
  • Evaporation Rate Percent Volatile
  • Specific Gravity
  • Coefficient of Water/Oil Distribution

34
MSDS - Sections
  • 5) Fire or Explosion Data
  • Provide information to assist with fire and
    explosion prevention.
  • Flashpoint
  • Auto-ignition temperature
  • Lower Flammable Limit
  • Upper Flammable Limit
  • Means of Extinction
  • Sensitivity to Impact
  • Sensitivity to Static Discharge
  • Hazardous combustion Products
  • Conditions of Flammability

35
MSDS - Sections
  • 6) Reactivity Data
  • This section provides information on the
    stability of the product and its reaction with
    other chemicals or exposure to heat, shock or
    temperature.
  • Chemical stability
  • Incompatible materials
  • Conditions of reactivity
  • Hazardous decomposition products

36
MSDS - Sections
  • 7) Toxicological Properties
  • This section provides information on how the
    product enters the body and what the short and
    long term effects are to be on the exposed
    worker.
  • Routes of entry
  • Inhalation, skin contact, eye contact, ingestion
  • Exposure Limits
  • Irritancy to product
  • Sensitivity to Product
  • Carcinogenicity
  • Reproductive Toxicity
  • Teratogenicity
  • Mutagenicity

37
MSDS - Sections
  • 8) Preventive Measures
  • This section provides information to the worker
    that protect the health and safety of the worker
    during transportation, storage, use and disposal.
  • Personal Protective Equipment
  • Gloves
  • Respiratory
  • Eye
  • Footwear
  • Engineering controls
  • Ventilation controls
  • Leak and spill procedure
  • Waste disposal
  • Storage requirement
  • Handling procedures

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40
Fume Hood
41
MSDS - Sections
9) First Aid Measures Provides the necessary
information for the immediate treatment of a
person experiencing acute effects from
inhalation, ingestion, eye contact or skin
contact with a hazardous substance.
42
Exempted Materials
  • There are materials that are not covered by
    WHMIS because they are covered by other
    legislation.
  • These materials are
  • Manufactured Materials
  • Tobacco Products
  • Wood Products
  • Consumer Products- Consumer Products Act
  • Explosives Explosives Act
  • Food Drugs Food and Drug Act
  • Pesticides Pesticide Control Act
  • Radioactive Materials CNSC Act
  • Hazardous Wastes

43
Trade Secrets
  • The Hazardous Materials Information Review Act
  • Allows companies to protect valuable information
    regarding their products.
  • A company must file a claim and receive a
    registry number.
  • This information is only given to a health
    professional.

44
Training
  • An employer shall ensure that a worker who works
    with or in the proximity to a controlled product
    is informed about all the hazard information and
    other information concerning the safe use,
    storage and handling of hazardous materials.
  • This training can come in 2 forms, generic and
    specific.
  • Generic Training
  • WHMIS training includes
  • Labels
  • MSDS
  • Specific Training
  • Site specific
  • Supervisor
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