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SINGLE EUROPEAN SKY versus NEXTGEN (US) FROM A REGULATORY PERSPECTIVE

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SINGLE EUROPEAN SKY versus NEXTGEN (US) FROM A REGULATORY PERSPECTIVE Ian Middleton, Deputy Director EUROCONTROL - Directorate Single Sky Amsterdam, 27 April 2012 – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: SINGLE EUROPEAN SKY versus NEXTGEN (US) FROM A REGULATORY PERSPECTIVE


1
SINGLE EUROPEAN SKY versus NEXTGEN (US) FROM A
REGULATORY PERSPECTIVE
Ian Middleton, Deputy Director EUROCONTROL -
Directorate Single Sky
Amsterdam, 27 April 2012
2
Agenda
  • The challenges driving RD
  • Airports and the Network
  • Meeting the challenges - RD within a Regulatory
    Framework
  • NEXTGEN versus SESAR
  • Conclusion

3
EUROCONTROL
39 Member States UAC Maastricht Central Flow
Management Unit Central Route Charges
Office Institute of Air Navigation Services
Experimental Centre Headquarters SES
Support Network Manager
General Presentation
3
4
Challenges Driving RD
5
Traffic in Europe
IFR traffic in Europe 1960-2010 historical
figures 2011-2030 forecast
Long-Term Trend
Actual Traffic
Annual Growth
Forecast Trafic
6
USA Traffic Growth
  • US air traffic will increase by the equivalent of
    two major hub airports each year through 2020.

7
How Robust is the Growth?
Global Recession 2008
Traffic
SARS 2002
9/11 2001
Kosovo Crisis 1999
Gulf War 1991
Oil Price Rises 2005
Oil Crisis 1980
IRAQ War 2003
IT Boom 1997-98
Economic Boom 1987-88
Time
1974
1979
1984
1989
1994
1999
2004
2009
2012
8
Capacity
.
.
2000
2033
.
1.5 million flights will go un-accommodated
if extra capacity is not provided
8.0 Million Flights
16.0 Million Flights
Traffic tripled over last 25 years Traffic will
double over next 20 years
9
Delays
27.7 million minutes of delays (2010) costing
2.0 Bn. 20 of flights will be delayed by 2020
if system is not modernised
Primary Delay Distribution for 2011
Airlines
Weather
Airports
Security
Misc
En-Route
10
Environment
  • Top of political agenda
  • Aviation must continue to make significant effort
    to reduce its impact on environment

11
Airports and the Network
12
Airports and the Network
  • Runway and Airport capacity limitations can block
    growth
  • Need to make more efficient use of existing
    capacity
  • Efficient surface management
  • Connectivity with ATM Network
  • Airports are a key component of ATM Network
  • Must integrate airports into the Network

13
Airport constraints
  • Flights in Europe - 2030
  • In most-likely scenario (C), 2 million flights
    not accommodated

14
Airports are a small but persistent source of
primary delay
Source www.eurocontrol.int/coda
15
Meeting the Challenges
RD within a Framework
16
SESAR
17
Single European Sky (SES) Framework
  • To address defragmentation
  • Legislation adopted by EU Council and Parliament
  • 20 April 2004, amended November 2009.
  • 4 SES Regulations

Performance-driven
18
Single European Sky ATM Research(SESAR)
A new ATM System is required
  • SESAR
  • Technical/operational change, supported by Single
    European Sky legislation
  • Public Private Partnership
  • Direct involvement of aviation industry in all
    phases
  • Address European needs and Global interoperability
  • Needs
  • Turn off fragmented approach
  • Accelerate evolution in response to challenges
  • Synchronise plans and actions
  • from research to operations

19
SESAR Joint Undertaking
  • Public-private partnership to manage the SESAR
    Development Phase
  • Execute the European ATM Master Plan
  • One single ATM RD programme in Europe
  • Innovation from private sector
  • Public financial stability enforcement power
  • 2 founding members
  • 15 industry members
  • SJU Budget 2.1 B, till 31 Dec 2016

19
20
NEXTGEN
21
NEXTGEN ARRANGEMENTS
  • Strong regulatory basis FAA is Regulator and
    manages NextGen programme
  • Funding
  • Lacks a permanent spending bill
  • FAA Reauthorisation and Reform Act of 2011 passed
    in the U.S. House of Representatives on April 1,
    2011 included a critical amendment authorising a
    public-private partnership (PPP)
  • FAA governance supported by the NextGen Advisory
    Committee (NAC)
  • FAA can solicit a consensus-based set of
    recommendations
  • Forum to obtain a commitment of resources and/or
    synchronised planning between government and
    industry
  • Identify opportunities for industry participation
    in NextGen implementation.

22
SESAR/NEXTGEN COOPERATION
  • European and US authorities agreement on the
    cooperation of SESAR and NextGen.
  • Agreement is technical annex to European
    Commission and US Federal Aviation Administration
    memorandum of co-operation for civil aviation
    research and development.
  • Contributes to essential standardisation of ATM
    systems, to be pursued through the International
    Civil Aviation Organisation.
  • Interoperability essential for airspace users
    operating in US and EU airspaces.

23
Regulatory Impact of SESAR and NextGen on Airports
  • Through SESAR and Next Gen, EC and FAA will
    define areas in which Airports need to focus
    their investments
  • The SESAR and NextGen Standardisation and
    Regulatory Roadmaps will provide the basis for a
    more global approach
  • EC and FAA will work with ICAO in attempt to
    establish a global Regulatory Roadmap On ANC12
    Agenda
  • Airports will be consulted through normal EASA/EC
    Rulemaking processes
  • Total estimated cost for SESAR deployment in
    Europe is 30 Billion Euro
  • Covers aircraft, ATM Airport and military
    equipage costs

24
SESAR versus NEXTGEN (1)
  • Both benefit from established regulatory
    frameworks
  • Europe more fragmented but USA and FAA face same
    issues of buy-in and governance complications
  • Programmes share similar aims
  • SESAR
  • stable funding
  • EUROCONTROLs expertise at its core
  • NEXTGEN
  • unstable funding to date
  • PPP?

25
SESAR versus NEXTGEN (2)
  • SESAR
  • stable funding
  • time limited what happens post-2016?
  • EUROCONTROLs expertise at its core
  • NEXTGEN
  • unstable funding to date
  • greater longevity

26
Conclusions
  • Capacity requires ATM network-wide actions
  • Airports can impede traffic growth
  • SESAR and NEXTGEN will facilitate the definition
    of global and regional regulatory requirements
    for airports
  • regulatory roadmaps
  • Airports to be integrated in the overall network
  • Europe and FAA both pro-active in achieving a
    common set of equipment and procedures
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