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Virginia Studies SOL Review

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Title: Virginia Studies SOL Review


1
Virginia Studies SOL Review
  • 4th Grade

2
VS.2a Bordering States
Go counterclockwise starting with Maryland.
Mustard With Ketchup Tastes Nasty Maryland West
Virginia Kentucky Tennessee North Carolina
3
VS.2b Geographic Regions
Go right to left!
  • Can Pit Bulls Vote Again
  • Coastal Plain Piedmont Blue Ridge Mountains
    Valley and Ridge Appalachian Plateau

4
VS.2b Geographic Regions
  • Coastal Plain (Tidewater)
  • Flat land
  • Near Atlantic Ocean
  • and Chesapeake Bay
  • East of the Fall Line

5
VS.2b Geographic Regions
  • Fall Line
  • (Not a region)
  • The natural border between the Coastal Plain and
    Piedmont regions
  • Waterfalls prevent further travel on the river

6
VS.2b Geographic Regions
  • Piedmont
  • (Land at the foot of the mountains)
  • Rolling Hills
  • West of the Fall Line

7
VS.2b Geographic Regions
  • Blue Ridge Mountains
  • Old, rounded mountains
  • Part of Appalachian mountain system
  • Between Piedmont and Valley and Ridge
  • Source of many rivers

8
VS.2b Geographic Regions
  • Valley and Ridge
  • Includes the Great Valley of Virginia and other
    valleys separated by ridges
  • Part of Appalachian mountain system
  • West of Blue Ridge Mountains

9
VS.2b Geographic Regions
  • Appalachian Plateau
  • Plateau Area of elevated land that is flat on
    top
  • Located in Southwest Virginia
  • Only a small part of the plateau is located in VA

10
VS.2c Water Features
Rivers North to South
  • Please Recite Your Jokes
  • Potomac Rappahannock York James

11
VS.2c Water Features
  • Atlantic Ocean
  • Provided transportation links between Virginia
    and other places
  • Chesapeake Bay
  • Provided a safe harbor
  • Was a source of food and transportation

12
VS.2c Water Features
  • Potomac River
  • Flows into the Chesapeake Bay
  • Alexandria is located along the Potomac River
  • - Alex eats Potatoes
  • Source of food and pathway for exploration and
    settlement of VA

13
VS.2c Water Features
  • Rappahannock River
  • Flows into the Chesapeake Bay
  • Fredericksburg is located on the Rappahannock
    River
  • - Fred likes to Rap
  • Source of food and pathway for exploration and
    settlement of VA

14
VS.2c Water Features
  • York River
  • Flows into the Chesapeake Bay
  • Yorktown located along the York River
  • Source of food and pathway for exploration and
    settlement of VA

15
VS.2c Water Features
  • James River
  • Flows into the Chesapeake Bay
  • Richmond and Jamestown are located along the
    James River
  • - King James is Rich
  • Source of food and pathway for exploration and
    settlement of VA

16
VS.2c Water Features
  • Lake Drummond
  • Located in Coastal Plain region
  • Shallow natural lake surrounded by Dismal Swamp
  • Dismal Swamp
  • Located in Coastal Plain region
  • Variety of wildlife
  • George Washington explored and surveyed

17
VS.2c Water Features
  • The Eastern Shore
  • A peninsula a piece of land bordered by water on
    three sides
  • Bordered by the Chesapeake Bay to the West and
    the Atlantic Ocean to the East
  • Part of Coastal Plain (Tidewater) region

18
VS.2d American Indian Language Groups
  • Christopher Columbus called the native people he
    found in the lands he explored Indians because
    he thought he was in the Indies (near China)
  • Artifacts such as arrowheads, pottery, and tools
    that have been found tell a lot about the people
    who lived in Virginia

19
VS.2d American Indian Language Groups
  • Three Major Language Groups
  • Algonquian
  • Siouan
  • Iroquoian

20
VS.2d American Indian Language Groups
  • Algonquian
  • Spoken primarily in the Tidewater region
  • Powhatans were part
  • of the Algonquian group
  • - PA

21
VS.2d American Indian Language Groups
  • Siouan
  • Spoken primarily in the Piedmont region
  • Monacan were part of
  • the Siouan group
  • - MS

22
VS.2d American Indian Language Groups
  • Iroquoian
  • Spoken in Southwestern Virginia and in Southern
    Virginia near what is today North Carolina
  • The Cherokee were a part of the Iroquoian group
  • - I C I see

23
VS.2e American Indians and Climate Relation
  • Climate in Virginia
  • Relatively mild with distinct seasons spring,
    summer, fall, and winter resulting in a variety
    of vegetation
  • Forests, which have a variety of trees, cover
    most of the land.
  • Virginias Indians are referred to as Eastern
    Woodland Indians

24
VS.2e American Indians and Climate Relation
  • Environmental Connections
  • The kinds of food they ate, the clothing they
    wore, and the shelters they had depended on the
    seasons.
  • Animal skins (deerskin) were used for clothing
  • Shelter was made from materials around them.

25
VS.2e American Indians and Climate Relation
  • Foods changed with the seasons
  • In winter, they hunted birds and animals and
    lived on stored foods from the previous fall
  • In spring, they hunted, fished and picked berries
  • In summer, they grew crops (beans, corn, squash)
  • In fall, they harvested crops, and hunted for
    foods to preserve and keep for the winter

26
VS.2e American Indians and Climate Relation
Native Peoples of the Past and Present Native Peoples of the Past and Present
Past Present
Farmed, hunted, and fished Made homes using natural resources Used animal skins for clothing in the winter Most live like other Americans Culture has changed over time
27
VS.2f Archaeology of Werowocomoco and Jamestown
  • Archaeologists study all kinds of material
    evidence left from people of the past
  • They help us understand the past

28
VS.2f Archaeology of Werowocomoco and Jamestown
Werowocomoco
A large Indian town used by Indian leaders for several hundred years before the English settlers came The headquarters of the leader, Powhatan, in 1607
29
VS.2f Archaeology of Werowocomoco and Jamestown
Jamestown
Became the first permanent settlement in North America Archaeologists discovered the site of the original fort Artifacts give archaeologists clues about the interactions of the English, Africans, and Indians in early Virginia
30
VS.2g Current State-Recognized Tribes
  • American Indians, who trace their family history
    back to before 1607, continue to live in all
    parts of Virginia today.

31
VS.2g Current State-Recognized Tribes
  • Coastal Plain Region
  • Chickahominy Tribe
  • Eastern Chickahominy Tribe
  • Mattaponi Tribe
  • Nansemond Tribe
  • Pamunkey Tribe
  • Rappahannock Tribe
  • Upper Mattaponi Tribe
  • Piedmont Region
  • Monacan Tribe

32
VS.3a Reasons for English Colonization
  • Reasons for English colonization
  • in America
  • England wanted to establish an American colony to
    increase itswealth and power
  • - England hoped to find silver and gold in
    America
  • - An American settlement would furnish raw
    materials that could not be grown or obtained in
    England, while opening new markets for trade

33
VS.3a Reasons for English Colonization
  • Jamestown
  • Primarily an economic venture
  • The stockholders of the Virginia company of
    London financed the settlement
  • Jamestown became the first permanent English
    settlement in North America in 1607

34
VS.3b Geography of Jamestown
  • When the settlers arrived in 1607, Jamestown was
    located on a narrow peninsula bordered on three
    sides by the James River. Today, Jamestown is
    located on an island in the James River.
  • Reasons for Site Choice
  • Could be easily defended from attack by
  • sea (Spanish)
  • Water along the shore was deep enough for ships
    to dock
  • Believed they had a good supply of fresh water

35
VS.3c The Virginia Company of London Charters
  • Importance of Virginia Charters
  • The King of England granted charters to the
    Virginia Company of London to
  • - establish a settlement in North America
  • - extend English rights to the settlers

36
VS.3d The Virginia Assembly
  • System of Government
  • In 1619, the governor of Virginia called a
    meeting of the General Assembly.
  • The assembly included two representatives (called
    burgesses) from each of the divisions of
    Virginia, the governors council, and the
    governor. They met as one legislative body.
  • At that time, only certain free adult men had the
    right to take part

37
VS.3d The Virginia Assembly
  • Virginia House of Burgesses
  • By the 1640s the burgesses became a separate
    legislative body, called the House of Burgesses.
  • They met separately from the Governors Council
    as one of the two legislative bodies of the
    General Assembly
  • The House of Burgesses was the first elected
    legislative body in English America giving
    settlers the opportunity to control their own
    government.
  • The current Virginia General Assembly dates from
    the establishment of the House of Burgesses at
    Jamestown in 1619

38
VS.3e Africans and Women
  • Portuguese sailors captured African men and women
    from present-day Angola. The status of these
    early Africans as servants or slaves in Virginia
    is unknown
  • Africans arrived in Jamestown against their will
    in 1619.
  • The arrival of Africans made it possible to
    expand the tobacco economy.

39
VS.3e Africans and Women
  • The arrival of additional women in 1620 made it
    possible for more settlers to establish families
    and a permanent settlement at Jamestown.

40
VS.3f Hardships in Jamestown
  • Hardships Faced by the Settlers
  • The site they chose to live on was marshy and
    lacked safe drinking water
  • The settlers lacked some skills necessary to
    provide for themselves
  • Many settlers died of starvation and disease

41
VS.3f Hardships in Jamestown
  • Changes that Resulted in Survival
  • Arrival of supply ships
  • Forced work program and strong leadership of
    Captain John Smith
  • Emphasis on agriculture

42
VS.3g Interactions Between English and Native
Peoples
  • Powhatan and English Interactions
  • Captain John Smith initiated trading
    relationships with the native peoples.

Native Peoples Traded English Traded
Mainly Food Tools, Pots, Copper for jewelry (TPC)
43
VS.3g Interactions Between English and Powhatan
People
  • Contribution of the Native Peoples to the
    Survival of Jamestown Settlers
  • Powhatan, chief of many tribes, provided
    leadership to his people and taught the settlers
    survival skills
  • Pocahontas, daughter of Chief Powhatan, served as
    a contact between the native peoples and the
    English
  • The native peoples showed the settlers how to
    plant corn and tobacco

44
VS.3g Interactions Between English and Powhatan
People
  • How the Relationship Changed
  • The native peoples realized the English
    settlement would continue to grow
  • They came to see the settlers as invaders who
    would take over their land

45
VS.4a Agriculture and Slavery
  • Agricultures Effect on the Colony
  • The economy of the Virginia colony depended on
    agriculture as a primary source of wealth.
  • Tobacco became the most profitable agricultural
    product. It was sold to England as a cash crop.
  • Cash crop A crop that is grown to sell for money
    rather than for use by the grower

46
VS.4a Agriculture and Slavery
  • Agricultures Influence on Slavery
  • The successful planting of tobacco depended on a
    steady and inexpensive source of labor
  • African men, women, and children were brought to
    the colony against their will to work as slaves
    on the plantations.
  • The Virginia colony became dependent on slave
    labor, which lasted a long time.

47
VS.4b Culture of Colonial Virginia
  • Culture of Colonial Virginia
  • Whenever people settle an area, they change the
    culture and landscape to reflect their beliefs,
    customs, and architecture.
  • Examples of architecture that reflect different
    cultures include
  • - Barns
  • - Homes
  • - Places of worship (churches)

48
VS.4b Culture of Colonial Virginia
  • Place Names Reflecting Culture
  • There are names of cities and towns in Virginia
    that reflect both English and American Indian
    culture
  • English Richmond
  • American Indian - Roanoke

49
VS.4b Culture of Colonial Virginia
  • Settlement Areas
  • English and other Europeans primarily in
    Coastal Plain and Piedmont regions
  • Germans and Scots-Irish primarily in the
    Shenandoah Valley, along the migration route
  • Africans primarily in the Coastal Plain and
    Piedmont regions, where tobacco agriculture
    required labor
  • Prior to the arrival of the settlers, American
    Indians lived throughout Virginia. After the
    settlers arrived, most were forced inland

50
VS.4b Culture of Colonial Virginia
  • Migration and living in new areas caused people
    to adapt old customs to their new environment
  • The culture of Virginia reflected American
    Indian, African, and European origins

51
VS.4c Moving Virginias Capital
  • Reasons why the Capital was Moved from Jamestown
    to Williamsburg
  • Drinking water was contaminated by seepage of
    salt water
  • Unhealthy living conditions caused diseases
  • Fire destroyed wooden and brick buildings at
    Jamestown

52
VS.4c Moving Virginias Capital
  • Reasons why the Capital was Moved from
    Williamsburg to Richmond
  • Population was moving westward
  • Richmond was a more central location
  • Moving to Richmond increased the distance from
    attach by the British
  • England became Britain in the early 1700s

53
VS.4d Colonial Economics
  • Economic Terms
  • Money A medium of exchange (currency, which
    includes coins and paper bills)
  • Barter Trading of goods and services without
    using money
  • Credit Buying a good or service now and paying
    for it later
  • Debt A good or service owed to another
  • Saving Money put away to save or to spend at a
    later time

54
VS.4d Colonial Economics
  • Few people had paper money and coins to use to
    buy goods and services.
  • Barter was commonly used instead of money.
  • Tobacco was used as money. A tobacco farmer could
    use his tobacco to pay for goods and services.
  • Farmers and other consumers could also buy goods
    and services on credit and pay their debts when
    their crops were harvested and sold.
  • Colonial Virginia had no banks.

55
VS.4e Everyday Life in Colonial Virginia
  • People living in colonial Virginia depended on
    natural, human, and capital resources to produce
    the goods and services they needed.

Food Housing Clothing
Food choices were limited Meals were made of local produce and meats Most people lived on one-room homes with dirt floors Some people (farmers) lived in large houses Households made their own clothes Most was made of cotton, wool, and leather
56
VS.4e Everyday Life in Colonial Virginia
  • Most white Virginians made their living from the
    land as small farmers. A few owned large farms
    (plantations).
  • Most enslaved African Americans worked tobacco,
    crops, and livestock. They had no rights.
  • Many free African Americans owned their own
    business and property, but were denied most
    rights.

57
VS.5a Reasons for the American Revolution
  • Colonists and British Parliament Disagreed Over
    How the Colonies Should be Governed

Parliament Colonists
Believed it had legal authority in the colonies Believed it had the right to tax the colonies Believed their local assemblies had legal authority Believed they should not be taxed since they had no representation in Parliament
58
VS.5a Reasons for the American Revolution
  • The Declaration of Independence
  • Written by Thomas Jefferson
  • States that the authority to govern belongs to
    the people rather than
  • to kings
  • All people are created equal and
  • have rights to life, liberty, and
  • the pursuit of happiness

59
VS.5b Virginians in the Revolutionary War
Roles of Virginians Roles of Virginians Roles of Virginians
Patriots served in the Continental Army and fought for independence, leading to the British surrender at Yorktown. Some enslaved African Americans fought for a better chance of freedom. Some free African Americans fought for independence. Many American Indians fought alongside both the Virginia patriots and the British.
Some Virginians were neutral and did not take sides. Other Virginians, the Loyalists, remained loyal to Great Britain. During the war, women took on more responsibility to support the war effort.
60
VS.5b Virginians in the Revolutionary War
Contributions of Virginians Contributions of Virginians Contributions of Virginians Contributions of Virginians
George Washington Thomas Jefferson Patrick Henry
Provided military leadership by serving as commander-in-chief of the Continental Army Provided political leadership by expressing the reasons for colonial independence from Great Britain in the Declaration of Independence Inspired patriots from other colonies when he spoke out against taxation without representation by saying, give me liberty or give me death. James Lafayette, an enslaved African American from Virginia, served in the Continental Army and successfully requested his freedom after the war
61
VS.5c Battle of Great Bridge, the Ride of Jack
Jouett, and Yorktown
  • The Battle of Great Bridge was the first land
    battle of the American Revolution fought in
    Virginia. The American victory forced the British
    colonial governor to flee the City of Norfolk.

62
VS.5c Battle of Great Bridge, the Ride of Jack
Jouett, and Yorktown
  • Jack Jouett rode on horseback through the
    backwoods of Virginia to Charlottesville to warn
    Thomas Jefferson, then governor of Virginia, that
    the British were coming to arrest him and members
    of the General Assembly.

63
VS.5c Battle of Great Bridge, the Ride of Jack
Jouett, and Yorktown
  • The American victory at Yorktown resulted in the
    surrender of the British army, which led to an
    end to the war.

64
VS.6a Virginians George Washington and James
Madison
George Washington James Madison
Father of Our Country Elected as the first President of the United States of America. Provided strong leadership needed to help the young country Provided a model of leadership for future presidents Father of the Constitution Believed in the importance of having a United States Constitution Kept detailed notes during Constitutional Convention Skills at compromise helped delegates reach an agreement during
65
VS.6b Virginia Declaration of Rights and Virginia
Statute of Religious Freedom
Virginia Declaration of Rights Virginia Statute of Religious Freedom
Written by George Mason States that all Virginians have many rights, including freedom of religion and freedom of the press. Written by Thomas Jefferson States that all people should be free to worship as they please.
66
VS.6c Western Migration
  • After the American Revolution, Virginias
    agricultural base began to change, and as a
    result large numbers of Virginians moved west and
    to the deep South to find better farmland and new
    opportunities
  • - Tobacco farming was hard on the soil,
    causing many farmers to look west and south
    for new land to farm
  • - Virginians migrated into western
    territories looking for large areas of land and
    new opportunities
  • - As Virginians moved, they took their
    traditions, ideas, and cultures with them
  • - Settlers crossed the Appalachian Mountains
    through the Cumberland Gap as the migrated to new
    lands.

67
VS.6c Western Migration
68
VS.7a Events and Differences Between North and
South
Northern States Southern States
Economy was more industrialized Wanted the new states created out of the western territory to be free states Economy was agricultural and relied more on slave labor Wanted the new states to be slave states
69
VS.7a Events and Differences Between North and
South
  • Events Leading to Secession and the Civil War
  • Nat Turner led a revolt against plantation owners
    in Virginia
  • Abolitionists campaigned to end slavery
  • Harriet Tubman supported a secret route that
    escaped enslaved African Americans took, called
    the Underground Railroad
  • John Brown led a raid on the United States Armory
    (Arsenal) at Harpers Ferry, Virginia. He was
    trying to start a slave rebellion. He was
    captured and hanged

70
VS.7a Events and Differences Between North and
South
  • Secession
  • After Abraham Lincoln was elected President in
    1860, some southern states seceded from the Union
    and formed the Confederate States of America.
    Later Virginia seceded and joined them.
  • Conflict grew between the eastern counties of
    Virginia that relied on slavery and western
    counties that did not favor slavery.
  • Many disagreements between the two regions led to
    the formation of West Virginia

71
VS.7b Virginias Role in the Civil War
  • The first Battle of Bull Run (or Manassas) was
    the first major clash of the Civil War.
    Confederate General Thomas Stonewall Jackson
    played a major role in this battle
  • General Robert E. Lee, Commander of the Army of
    Northern Virginia, defeated Union troops at
    Fredericksburg, Virginia

72
VS.7b Virginias Role in the Civil War
  • Richmond was the capital of the Confederacy. It
    fell to General Ulysses S. Grant and was burned
    near the end of the war.
  • Lincoln used the Union navy to blockade southern
    ports. An important sea battle between the
    Monitor (Union) and the Merrimack (Confederate),
    two iron clad ships, too place in Virginia waters
    near Norfolk and Hampton. The battle was fought
    to a draw.

73
VS.7b Virginias Role in the Civil War
  • The Civil War ended at Appomattox Court House,
    Virginia, where Confederate General Robert E. Lee
    surrendered his army to Union General Ulysses S.
    Grant in April, 1865.

74
VS.7c Roles During the Civil War
Varied Roles During the Civil War Varied Roles During the Civil War Varied Roles During the Civil War Varied Roles During the Civil War
White Virginians Enslaved African Americans Free African Americans American Indians
Most supported the Confederacy Were relied on by the Confederacy to raise crops and provide labor for the army Some felt their limited rights could best be protected by supporting the Confederacy Most did not take sides
75
VS.8a Reconstruction
  • Reconstruction The period following the Civil
    War in which Congress passed laws designed to
    rebuild the country and bring the southern states
    back into the Union

Problems Faced by Virginians Measures Taken to Resolve Problems
Millions of African Americans needed housing, education, clothing, food, and jobs Virginias economy was in ruins - Money had no value - Banks were closed - Railroads, bridges, plantations, and crops were destroyed The Freedmens Bureau was a government agency that provided food, schools, and medical care for freed African Americans and others in Virginia Sharecropping was a system common in Virginia after the war in which freed men and poor white farmers rented land from a landowner by promising to pay the owner with a share of the crop
76
VS.8b Segregation
  • Segregation The separation of people, usually
    based on race or religion
  • Discrimination An unfair difference in the
    treatment of people
  • During Reconstruction, African Americans began to
    have power in Virginias government, and men of
    all races could vote.
  • But

77
VS.8b Segregation
  • After Reconstruction, these gains were lost when
    Jim Crow Laws were passed by southern states.
    Jim Crow Laws established segregation and
    reinforced prejudices held by whites.
  • Effects of Jim Crow Laws
  • Unfair poll taxes and voting tests were
    established to keep African American men from
    voting
  • African Americans found it very difficult to vote
    or hold public office
  • African Americans were forced to use separate
    poor-quality services such as drinking fountains,
    restrooms, and restaurants
  • African Americans and white children attended
    separate schools
  • Jim Crow laws had an effect on American Indians

78
VS.8c Virginias Economic Development
  • Virginia Began to Grow in Many Areas After
    Reconstruction
  • Virginias cities grew with people, businesses,
    and factories.
  • Railroads were a key to the expansion of
    business, agriculture, and industry. They
    facilitated the growth of many small towns to
    cities.

79
VS.8c Virginias Economic Development
  • Other parts of Virginia grew as other industries
    developed
  • Coal deposits were discovered in Tazewell County
  • The need for more and better roads increased.
  • Tobacco farming and tobacco products became
    important Virginia industries.

80
VS.9a Economic and Social Transition
  • From Agriculture to Industry

Causes
Old farming systems were no longer effective and crop prices were low
Cities had economic opportunities
Technology improved transportation, roads, railroads, and streetcars
People moved from the countryside to find jobs
Effects
Agriculture declined
People moved from rural areas to urban areas
Cities grew
Coal mining spurred the growth of cities and town
81
VS.9a Economic and Social Transition
  • People have moved to Virginia from many other
    states and nations
  • During the 20th century, Northern Virginia has
    experienced growth due to increase in the number
    of federal jobs located in the region.
  • In the late 20th century and the early 21st
    century, Northern Virginia and the Coastal Plain
    region have grown due to computer technology.

82
VS.9b Woodrow Wilson and George C. Marshall
  • Two famous Virginians, Woodrow Wilson and George
    C. Marshall, were important national and
    international leaders.

Woodrow Wilson George C. Marshall
A 20th century president who wrote a plan for world peace A military leader who created an economic plan to ensure world peace
83
VS.9c Desegregation and Massive Resistance
  • Segregation The separation of people, usually
    based on race or religion
  • Desegregation Abolishment of racial segregation
  • Integration Full equality
  • of all races in the use of
  • public facilities

84
VS.9c Desegregation and Massive Resistance
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled in 1954 (Brown v.
Board of Education) that separate but equal
public schools were unconstitutional
All pubic schools, including those in Virginia,
were ordered to desegregate
85
VS.9c Desegregation and Massive Resistance
Virginias government established a policy of
Massive Resistance, which fought to resist the
desegregation of public schools, led by Harry F.
Byrd
Some schools were closed to avoid integration
86
VS.9c Desegregation and Massive Resistance
The policy of Massive Resistance failed, and
Virginias public schools were integrated
87
VS.9d Political, Social, and Economic
Contributions
Maggie L. Walker Harry F. Byrd, Sr. Oliver W. Hill
First African American woman and first woman to establish and become a bank president in the United States As governor was known for a Pay As You Go policy for road improvements, and modernized VAs state government A lawyer and civil rights leader who worked for equal rights of African Americans. Played a key role in the Brown v. Board of Education decision
88
VS.9d Political, Social, and Economic
Contributions
Arthur R. Ashe, Jr. A. Linwood Holton, Jr. L. Douglas Wilder
First African American winner of a major mens tennis singles championship, and an author and spokesperson for social change As governor of Virginia, promoted racial equality, and appointed more African Americans and women to positions in state government than previous governors As governor of Virginia, was the first African American to be elected a state governor in the United States
89
VS.10a Branches of Government
Three Branches of Government Three Branches of Government Three Branches of Government
Legislative Branch Judicial Branch Executive Branch
General Assembly Makes state laws State Court System Decides cases about people accused of breaking the law and whether or not a law agrees with Virginias Constitution Governor Makes sure that state laws are carried out
2 Parts 2 Parts
Senate House of Delegates
90
VS.10b Products and Industries
Coastal Plain Products Seafood,
Peanuts Industries Shipbuilding, tourism,
military bases
91
VS.10b Products and Industries
  • Piedmont
  • Products
  • Tobacco products, information technology
  • Industries
  • Federal and state government, farming,
    horse industry

92
VS.10b Products and Industries
  • Blue Ridge Mountains
  • Products
  • Apples
  • Industries
  • Recreation

93
VS.10b Products and Industries
  • Valley and Ridge
  • Products
  • Poultry, apples
  • dairy, beef
  • Industries
  • Farming

94
VS.10b Products and Industries
  • Appalachian Plateau
  • Products
  • Coal
  • Industries
  • Coal mining

95
VS.10c Transportation, Communication, and
Technology
  • Virginias transportation system (highways,
    railroads, and air transportation) moves raw
    materials to factories and finished products to
    markets. Virginia exports agricultural and
    manufactured products, including tobacco,
    poultry, coal, and large ships.

96
VS.10c Transportation, Communication, and
Technology
  • Virginia has a large number of communications and
    other technology industries.

97
VS.10c Transportation, Communication, and
Technology
  • Tourism is a major part of Virginias economy.

98
VS.10c Transportation, Communication, and
Technology
  • Because many federal workers live and/or work in
    Virginia, the federal government has a
    significant impact on Virginias economy.
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