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JUVENILE MINORITY SENSITIVITY TRAINING

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Title: JUVENILE MINORITY SENSITIVITY TRAINING Author: ppope Last modified by: Audrey Created Date: 3/15/2004 3:27:15 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: JUVENILE MINORITY SENSITIVITY TRAINING


1
JUVENILE MINORITY SENSITIVITY TRAINING
  • Understanding
  • Generation Y

2
Training Objectives
  • Discuss what encompasses the culture of
    Generation Y including family issues, mental
    illness issues, drug use and cultural norms.
  • Identify problems that the criminal justice
    system is experiencing when dealing with some
    members of Generation Y.

3
Training Objectives
  • Discuss effective intervention techniques that
    agencies and communities are using or could use
    to deal with the problems presented by members of
    Generation Y.

4
CHPD Crisis Unit Overview
  • 30th Year in existence
  • 4 FT Staff, 7 Contract
  • 24/7 Response
  • Office 0800-2200 M-F
  • Multiple Response Presentations
  • Internal and External
  • Completely incorporated into police operations
    and organization.

5
Typical Response Requests
  • Death Notification
  • Domestic Violence
  • Family Conflict
  • Sex Crimes
  • Traumatic Injury MVA
  • Violent Crime
  • Home Invasion
  • Muggings
  • Assaults with injury
  • Psychiatric Emergencies
  • Elder Issues
  • Child Abuse and Neglect
  • Armed Robberies
  • Structure Fires
  • Armed Robberies
  • Mentally Ill victim perp.
  • Barricaded/Hostage
  • Critical Incident Scene Management

6
Traditionalists (Born before 1946)
  • WW II Generation
  • Born before 1946
  • Practical, dedicated, strong work ethic
  • Believes in authority and that there should be a
    hierarchy
  • Civic minded and loyal to public duty

7
Baby Boomers (1946 to 1960)
  • Work ethic is driven
  • The job is not the most important thing to them.
  • View of authority is a love/hate relationship
  • Team oriented and are motivated by team
    interaction.

8
GENERATION X
  • 70s 80s children
  • Latchkey kids
  • Skeptical, unimpressed with authority
  • Demand competence in supervisors/leaders
  • Self-reliant

9
Generation Y
  • Biggest group in America since the Baby Boomers
  • 60 million persons strong
  • The most racially diverse group ever

10
Family Issues- Structure
  • Most children live with 2 parents
  • 3 of 4 children have working mothers
  • Children are very involved with family decisions
  • Study from Child Trends

11
Technology Issues
  • Computers
  • Internet Messaging
  • Web Sites
  • E-mail
  • Chat Rooms
  • Cellular Telephones
  • Main Stream Media
  • Credit/Debit Cards

12
Family Issues- Media
  • HOMES WITH 2 PARENTS ARE MORE LIKELY TO HAVE
    INTERNET ACCESS
  • EVEN WITH 2 PARENTS, THERE IS STILL A LACK OF
    PARENTAL REGULATION OF WHAT IS VIEWED ON THE
    COMPUTER, OR TELEVISION.

13
Internet Access Socioeconomics
  • 35 in lowest economic bracket have Internet
    access
  • 53 in lower-middle class bracket have Internet
    access
  • 79 in upper-middle class bracket have Internet
    access
  • 83 in the highest economic bracket have Internet
    access

14
Television
  • 1/2 of all children have no rules about watching
    TV
  • 1/3 of 2 to 7 year olds have a TV in their
    bedroom, 16 have a VCR in their bedroom, and 13
    have a video game player there.

15
Mental Illness Numbers
  • As of 2001, 4.3 million youths aged 12-17
    received treatment or counseling.
  • 18.4 increase in this population
  • Females were slightly more likely than males to
    receive treatment/counseling.

16
Reasons
  • Depressed - 49.5
  • Breaking Rules/Acting Out - 26.7
  • Suicidal Thoughts or Attempts- 19.5
  • Afraid or Tense- 19.5
  • Family/Home Problems- 13.8
  • School Problems-9.8
  • Eating Problems- 9.1
  • Social/Friend Problems- 8.0
  • Other Mental Disorders- 2.8
  • Other Problems- 22.3

17
In a class of 25 Students.
  • Five students have seriously contemplated
    committing suicide within the last year.
  • More than four students have made plans at least
    on one occasion to attempt suicide.
  • Two students are likely to have tried to kill
    themselves during the past year.

18
SUICIDE
  • 10-14 years of age
  • Suicide by suffocation was the 3rd leading cause
    of death.
  • Suicide by firearm was the 5th leading cause of
    death.

19
SUICIDE15- 24 years of age
  • Suicide by firearm was 3rd leading cause of
    death.
  • Suicide by suffocation was the 5th leading cause
    of death.
  • Suicide by poisoning was the 8th leader cause of
    death.

20
Recent Trends and Concerns
  • Blogs
  • Watch for copycat type incidents.
  • Identify effected others.
  • The Choking Game
  • Not necessarily an intentional suicide
  • Self-asphyxiation
  • Can be self or peer induced
  • Meds, Meds, Meds

21
DRUG USE
  • Among youths aged 12-17, 11.6
  • were current illicit drug users.

22
Emerging Drug Use Trends
  • Club Drugs
  • Ecstasy, GHB, Rophynol, Ketamine, Salvia
  • Pharmy Abuse of Prescription Medication
  • Oxycontin, Adderall, Ritalin, Sinequan
  • Over the Counter
  • DXM, No Doz, Diet Pills
  • Old School
  • Alcohol, Marijuana, Cocaine, Heroin

23
SALVIA
  • Salvinorin, Salvia, Ska Pastora, Shepherdess's
    Herb, ska Maria Pastora, yerba de Maria, SaDi,
    Sally-D
  • Loss of coordination, uncontrollable laughter,
    visual alterations or visions, experiencing
    multiple realities, sense of total confusion or
    madness, sense of flying, floating, twisting, or
    turning, believing to travel to other places
    and/or times, becoming inanimate object
  • 15 minutes to 3 hour duration.

24
The Addiction Continuum
25
Cycle of Abuse
Pain
Euphoria
26
BIG WORLD LITTLE WORLD
27
Addictive Risk Factors
  • Family History
  • Age of First Use
  • Use History and Patterns of Use
  • Stress

28
Signs of Potential Substance Abuse
  • Preoccupation With Use or Substances
  • Loss of Interest in Activities
  • Isolation From Family (secretive)
  • Rapid Decline in Academic Performance
  • Inability to Account for Money Spent
  • Paraphernalia Found
  • Changes in Social Circles
  • Visual and Behavioral Cues
  • Multiple Negative Consequences

29
Marijuana
  • One of the largest problems in adolescent drug
    use and abuse.
  • Reefer, Weed, Blunt, 420, Pot
  • TCH levels, 2002 is 20 higher than 1980
  • Amotivational Syndrome
  • Confusion, Depression, Memory Loss
  • Intentional and Unintentional Lacing
  • Well-Defended, Defiance, Normalization

30
Survey Says..
  • Substance Use and Abuse (Tobacco).
  • Have smoked cigarettes in last thirty days 27.5
    HS
  • Smoked 2 on smoking days 10.4 HS
  • Marijuana
  • 30DP 22.4 HS

31
Survey Says..
  • Substance Use and Abuse (ALCOHOL)
  • 30.2 of High School students report at least
    once riding in a car driven by someone who had
    been drinking alcohol.
  • Alcohol Use 74.9 lifetime prevalence, 44.9
    30DP, 28.3 Binge Drinking.

32
Other Common Abused Substances
  • Rohypnol
  • DXM
  • Ketamine
  • Prescribed Substances
  • Diet Pills
  • Cocaine/Crack

33
Signs of Potential Substance Abuse
  • Preoccupation With Use or Substances
  • Loss of Interest in Activities
  • Isolation From Family (secretive)
  • Rapid Decline in Academic Performance
  • Inability to Account for Money Spent
  • Paraphernalia Found
  • Changes in Social Circles
  • Visual and Behavioral Cues
  • Multiple Negative Consequences

34
What are Kids Using?
  • 8.2 Marijuana
  • 4.0 Prescription type drugs
  • 1.2 Inhalants
  • 1.0 Hallucinogens
  • 0.6 Cocaine (includes crack)

35
Affects of drug use
  • The rate of use is higher for males than females.
  • The rate of illicit drug use was approximately 8
    times higher among cigarette smokers.
  • Heavy drinking can also be tied in with drug use.
    67 of those who are heavy drinkers also use
    drugs.

36
How, from whom and where?
  • 56.7 got the drug for free or shared.
  • Almost 40 bought it
  • Most users bought/got their drug from friends.
  • 9 bought inside a school building
  • 4.8 bought on school property

37
Who is less likely to use?
  • 78.8 reported they liked or kind of liked going
    to school.
  • - Of these, only 9.3 had used an illicit drug
    in the past month
  • Statistics also show that the more positive
    activities that a youth is involved in such as
    religious activities, band, sports, dance
    lessons, etc, the less likely that they will use
    illicit drugs.

38
Alcohol Use
  • Current alcohol use increased with age from a low
    of 2.0 at the age of 12 to 36.2 at the age of
    17.
  • 61.3 of the heavy alcohol users also smoked
    cigarettes in the past month.

39
High Risk Sexual Behaviors
  • Much misinformation given to adolescent form
    peers.
  • Media portrayals complicate/support this
    misinformation.
  • Sexual Activity as Group Initiation
  • Sexual Activity as Health Risks
  • Adult targeting younger child problems

40
Youth Risk Behavior Survey 2002
  • SEXUAL BEHAVIOR (HS ONLY)
  • Students in grades 9 and 10 are significantly
    less likely to have sexual intercourse than their
    11th and 12th grade peers.
  • 32.8, 44.1, 53.2, 61.6
  • Adolescent males report that they have had
    intercourse more often than adolescent females
    48 to 45.3
  • When isolated as a variable, ethnicity appears to
    be a factor in the incidence of sexual
    intercourse. (AA 67.3, W 41.8, L 51.4)

41
More Data
  • 11.2 respondents report 4 lifetime sexual
    partners (17.9 of HS Seniors)
  • In another national survey 11 reported 7
    lifetime sexual partners.
  • In teens 12-16 yrs old 7 report being forced to
    do something sexual with an adult, 17 by another
    teenager.

42
Potential Interventions
  • Middle School Years seem to be key in development
    of attitudes and behaviors surrounding sexual
    behavior.
  • Social Norming Activities
  • Educational information to dispel myths or
    misinformation that is prevalent.
  • Relationship building Life Skill Development.

43
Cultural norms
44
Whats hot?
45
Generation Y have
  • Always had an answering machine
  • Never seen a TV set with only 13 channels, nor
    seen a black and white television
  • Always had cable
  • Always had VCRs and have no idea what BETA is

46
  • Always had remotes
  • Always known Jay Leno as the host of The Tonight
    Show
  • No idea what hard contact lenses are
  • Never known a time when AIDS didnt exist
  • Always popped popcorn in the microwave
  • No clue how to use a typewriter

47
1992 USA Weekend survey
  • Of the 236,000 young people surveyed
  • 25-40 of teens see nothing wrong with cheating
    on exams, stealing from employers or keeping
    money that isnt theirs.

48
The Issues
  • Undisciplined Behavior Runaways
  • Substance Abuse
  • Supervision of Activities
  • Increasing Violent Crime
  • In Society
  • Between Youth
  • Domestic Violence
  • Gang Activities
  • Other Risk Taking Behaviors
  • Sexual Activity
  • Internet Use/Chat Rooms

49
General Strategies
  • Networking
  • Isolation Rule of Threes,
  • Stay Involved Active Aware Involvement
  • Know Peers
  • Know Places
  • Check-In Regularly
  • Stay Current with Trends and Culture
  • Open Communication
  • Supervision

50
Discipline Strategies
  • It is the job of the parent to set limits It
    is the job of the adolescent to resist the
    limits
  • Boundaries
  • Curfew
  • Supervised Activities (Internet, IM, e-mail)
  • The Two Cs Consistency Consequences
  • Treat all instances of potential harm seriously.
  • Instill Accountability
  • Maintain Limits

51
Specific Problem Areas
  • Situation A
  • Parents leave town for the weekend/week and leave
    17 year old in charge of the premises.
  • Situation B
  • Parents are aware of peer pressure being exerted
    upon adolescent to drink alcohol. Parents decide
    safest option is to allow party to occur in their
    home where teens will not be forced to drive, in
    some cases, parents provide the alcohol.

52
Specific Problem Areas (cont.)
  • Situation C
  • Parents take teenage child and friend to movie
    theater or mall. Children are dropped off in
    proximity of the venue but then meet others and
    engage in different activities. Are returned to
    original destination for pick-up.
  • Situation D
  • In an attempt to resolve conflict, parents allow
    teenage child to live independently away from
    home. Alternative housing location becomes party
    spot for large groups of teens.

53
CONCLUSION
GENERATION Y
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