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Eliza Lucas Pinckney Lesson

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Eliza Lucas Pinckney Lesson Pre-Test What is indigo and what is it used for? Who made it successful in South Carolina as a crop? What is a cash crop? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Eliza Lucas Pinckney Lesson


1
Eliza Lucas Pinckney Lesson Pre-Test What is
indigo and what is it used for? Who made it
successful in South Carolina as a crop? What is
a cash crop? What did the British provide as
they did for rice that made it such a profitable
crop?
2
Warm up
Turn to text page 151
3
Indigo Process
4

The Indigo Plant is indigenous to India and
produces a rich blue dye.
5
Why was indigo production important to
SC? What was Britain providing for the growers
of indigo and rice?
6
How did Indigo production effect the slave
population in South Carolina? During this time
what was the other cash crop in SC?
7
Eliza Lucas Pinckney (1722-1793) Born in 1722 in
Antigua in the West Indies Attended school in
England where her favorite subject was
botany
8
In 1738 at the age of sixteen, Pinckney was left
alone in charge of three plantations near Charles
Town, South Carolina
Eliza Lucas Pinckneys Plantation House
Wappoo Plantation
9
In addition to experiments with flax, hemp and
silk as possible cash crops, Pinckney spent her
spare time perfecting strains of indigo that her
father brought her from the West Indies.  By
1742 she had perfected a process to successfully
produce indigo dye for export Changed the
economy of the Colonial South Within two years,
indigo became South Carolinas second best cash
crop behind rice, with 130,000 pounds exported
annually.
10
In 1744, she married Charles Pinckney, a
prominent planter and lawyer, when she was
twenty-two. They had four children. Three boys
and one girl. Two of her sons became great
national figures.  Charles Cotesworth Pinckney
was a signer of the United States Constitution
and Thomas Pinckney was the United States
Minister to Spain and to Great Britain. 
Charles
Cotesworth Pinckney Thomas
Pinckney
11
After a life of professional and personal
success that far exceeded the limitations placed
on most colonial women, Eliza Lucas Pinckney died
of cancer on May 26, 1793. So highly thought of
was she for her determination and innovation that
President George Washington served as one of the
pall bearers at her funeral.
12
Homework Eliza Lucas Pinckney (HO)
13
Eliza Lucas Pinckney Lesson Post-Test What is
indigo and what is it used for? Who made it
successful in South Carolina as a crop? What is
a cash crop? What did the British provide as
they did for rice that made it such a profitable
crop?
14
Colonial map of Antique gracegalleries.com Pinck
ney Headstone greatfemaleinventors.com Indigo
plant picture meyerisland.wikispaces.com Indigo
Drawing unf.edu
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