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Soccer

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Title: PowerPoint Presentation - Soccer Author: thomas harrison middle school Last modified by: rmjohnson Created Date: 2/23/2005 5:12:06 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Soccer


1
Soccer
  • History and Rules

2
Soccers Beginnings
  • The origin of soccer can be found in every corner
    of geography and history.
  • The Chinese, Japanese, Italian, Ancient Greek,
    Persian, Viking, and many more played a ball game
    long before our era.
  • The Chinese played "football"  games date as far
    back as 3000 years ago.
  • The Ancient Greeks and the Roman used football 
    games to sharpen warriors for battle. In South
    and Central America a game called "Tlatchi" once
    flourished.

3
Ancient Civilizations and Soccer
  • Mesoamerican civilizations also devised a game
    played with rubber balls, which resembled a
    combination between soccer, basketball and
    volleyball.
  • The game involved two teams, playing in a sort of
    basin dug below ground level, with baskets
    strapped in several locations on the side walls.
  • The teams would then have to kick the ball
    towards these baskets, and score a goal.

4
Soccer in Europe
  • As we go forward on the history of soccer
    timeline, we notice that the game has gradually
    entered European territory, Europe being the
    place where modern day soccer will start in
    several centuries.
  • Middle age soccer is covered in a combination of
    myth and historical facts.
  • One popular form of the game (Mob soccer)
    involved entire villages or towns and was rather
    chaotic.

5
Soccer in Europe (cont.)
  • The teams could have unlimited players, as long
    as they were from the same village or town. Both
    teams had to kick the ball towards specific
    landmarks, and defend their own.
  • To add more chaos, the ball was made out of
    inflated pigs' bladders, or leather skins stuffed
    with all sorts of materials.
  • Picture two masses of people running towards a
    poor pig bladder ball, kicking, stomping,
    punching and pushing each other in the attempt to
    kick the object to some area.

6
Soccer in Europe (cont.)
  • In medieval France, a game called "La Choule" was
    usually played in town gatherings, such as just
    after Sunday church, or on special occasions or
    holidays.
  • The game itself looked like a combination of
    soccer, handball, hockey, baseball and
    kickboxing, since the players of each team had to
    strike the ball into the opponent's goal, using
    whatever means necessary and whatever accessories
    necessary.
  • For example, one record shows that players were
    allowed to use sticks or clubs to hit the ball
    around, although it wasn't always the ball that
    got hit.

7
History Continued
  • The game was violent in nature and I assume there
    were plenty occasions where the after-church
    Choule match ended up with another trip to the
    church to confess some violent sins.
  • In England, the game was surrounded by an aura of
    violence and was considered a dangerous and
    sinful game. As such, it was banned in 1314 by
    Nicholas de Farndone, the Mayor of London.

8
Soccer Grows Popular
  • Despite this ban, soccer became to grow in
    medieval England and it was not long that it was
    introduced in English public schools in order to
    keep young boys fit.
  • Since soccer was growing strong in English public
    schools, the idea of having an organized
    tournament sparked in the 19th century.

9
  • In 1862, a solicitor by the name of Cobb Morley,
    formed a semi-professional soccer club in Barnes,
    called the Barnes Club.
  • Cobb Morley is rightfully considered the father
    of soccer, but that's not just because he was the
    one to spark the idea of the Soccer Association.
  • He also drew up the Laws of the Game, probably
    the most important document in the history of
    soccer, since it held all the official rules
    around which the game would be played.

10
Soccer Becomes Official
  • Cobb Morley's rules were accepted by the Soccer
    Association on the 8th of December, 1863 and have
    since stood as the game's constitution, although
    they were slightly modified throughout time to
    meet the needs of modern soccer.
  • It only took around 3 decades after the first
    official rules of soccer were laid down by Cobb
    Morley and the English Football Association and
    the game was already wide spread throughout
    Europe, Australia and the Americas.

11
The Rules of Soccer
  • There are 11 players for each team.
  • All players wear shin guards to in order to
    protect their shins.
  • The goalkeeper is the only player who can get the
    ball with his hands.

12
Soccer Rules
  • A goal is scored when the whole of the ball
    passes over the goal line, between the goalposts
    and under the crossbar, provided that no faults
    has been committed previously by the team scoring
    the goal.

13
  • The team scoring the greater number of goals
    during the match is the winner.
  • If both team are tied at the end of regulation,
    the match will be recorded as a tie during
    regular the regular season.

14
The Soccer Field
15
Penalty kick
  • Penalty Kick is when a player commits any foul
    within his own Penalty box.

16
Corner kick
  • Corner kick is when the ball goes out of bounds
    over the end line and was last touched by the
    defending team.

17
Cards
  • Yellow card indicates caution.
  • A player who receives 2 Yellow Cards is given a
    Red Card.
  • Red card the player must leave the field and he
    cant play the next game.

18
Slide Tackle
  • When a defender slides on the ground and kick the
    ball away from the player.

19
The Players
  • A. goalkeeperB. left fullbackC. right
    fullbackD. center backE. left backF.
    right backG. left midfieldH. right
    midfieldI. left forwardJ. center
    forwardK. right forward

20
Spanish Words for Playing Soccer
  • portero - goalkeeper
  • se fue - the ball went out
  • mano - handball (literally means "hand")
  • empujon - push
  • pelota - ball
  • mediocampista - midfielder
  • defensor - defender
  • cruze - cross
  • cabezazo - header
  • Fuera de lugar offsides
  • tiro de esquina - corner kick
  • tiro libre - free kick
  • falta - foul
  • penal - penalty
  • lateral - throw in
  • saque del arco - goal kick
  • delantero - forward

21
  • Toque - pass it back
  • Hay que bajar or baja - guys we need to get
    downfield and defend more or specifically you
    need to go help out downfield.
  • Dos - when two teamates are running towards a
    loose ball and one needs to ease off so as to
    avoid a mishaps.
  • Centro - cross it in
  • Solo - no pressure is on you so go ahead and
    shoot it or dribble it upfield
  • Te llegan! - man on!
  • Calmado - don't rush your passing or dribbling
  • Tiro- shoot it
  • Marca - defend your nearest or assigned oppenent
  • Entrale - tackle your opponent now or apply
    pressure
  • Pásame la pelota pass me the ball

22
El Fin
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