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U.S. CIVIL WAR Timeline: 1861-1865

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... Northerner who came South to create business and make money. 13th Amendment ... 1864 April 2, 1865 April 9, 1865 April 14/15, 1865 Ford s Theater: April 14, ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: U.S. CIVIL WAR Timeline: 1861-1865


1
U.S. CIVIL WAR Timeline 1861-1865
2
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3
Key Terms, Civil War Reconstruction
  1. US Grant Victorious General for the Northern
    Army
  2. Robert E Lee Head General for the Southern Army,
    surrenders at Appomatox
  3. Emancipation Proclamation Lincoln issues in
    1863, frees slaves in areas standing in rebellion
    to the United States.
  4. Habeas Corpus a person cannot be held by
    authorities without legal reason. Suspended by
    Lincoln during Civil War.
  5. Gettysburg Turning Point of the war, July of
    1863. Northern victory.
  6. Gettysburg Address Lincolns famous speech which
    sought to bring peace to the country.

4
Key Terms, Civil War Reconstruction
  • John Wilkes Booth Assassinates Lincoln in April,
    1865.
  • Reconstruction Plan to put nation back together
    after Civil War.
  • Radical Republicans Northern Republicans who
    seek to punish the South through Reconstruction
    plan.
  • Scalawag White southerners who supported
    reconstuction government.
  • Carpetbagger Northerner who came South to create
    business and make money.
  • 13th Amendment abolishes slavery (1865)
  • 14th Amendment declares due process for all
    former slaves

5
Key Terms, Civil War Reconstruction
  1. 15th Amendment declares right to vote to all
    former slaves. Forbids denying vote to anyone
    based on race or color.
  2. Black Codes rules meant to keep former slaves
    in a position of servitude. (poll taxes, literacy
    tests)
  3. Ku Klux Klan group formed to intimidate and
    threaten the existence of free blacks in the
    South.
  4. Jim Crow Laws segregation laws in the South
  5. Plessy v Ferguson (1896) segregation is legal as
    long as blacks had access to separate but equal
    facilities.

6
Nov. 6, 1860
  • Abraham Lincoln is elected President
  • Government cannot endure permanently half slave,
    half free
  • Leads to secession of Southern states, led by
    South Carolina.

7
Dec. 20, 1860
  • South Carolina secedes from the Union
  • Followed by Mississippi, Florida, Alabama,
    Georgia, Louisiana and Texas

8
Feb. 9, 1861
  • Confederate States of America is formed.
  • Jefferson Davis is named first President

9
April 12, 1861
  • Fort Sumter in South Carolina is attacked by the
    Confederate Army
  • Start of the CIVIL WAR

10
July 21, 1861
  • First Bull Run
  • Union army lose to Stonewall Jackson
  • Bridge to the North was destroyed to stop
    retreating Union soldiers

11
March 8, 1862
  • Merrimac a Confederate ironclad ship sinks two
    Union ships and damages the Monitor

12
April 6, 1862
  • Union General Ulysses S. Grant is surprised at
    Shiloh.
  • Union losses 13,000
  • Conf. losses 10,000

13
Sept. 17, 1862
  • Antietam was the bloodiest day in U.S. military
    history.
  • 26,000 soldiers dead, wounded or missing

14
Jan. 1, 1863
  • Emancipation Proclamation freed all slaves in
    territories held by the Confederates.
  • Emphasizes enlisting black soldiers in the Union
    Army.

15
The Anaconda Plan
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May 1, 1863
  • At Chancellorsville, the Union army is decisively
    defeated by Gen. Lee and Stonewall Jackson
  • Stonewall is Fatally wounded by his own troops.

18
July 1, 1863
  • Gettysburg is the turning point of the civil war
    when the confederates are defeated.

19
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20
Amputation
Fallen Conf. Soldiers
Sniper
Terrain
21
July 4, 1863
  • Vicksburg
  • Last Conf. stronghold on the Miss. River
  • Gen Grant takes control and it splits the Conf.
    off from its western allies.

22
Vicksburg, Mississippi
23
Nov. 19, 1863
  • President Lincoln delivers his two minute
    Gettysburg Address
  • It is a dedication for the Battlefield to become
    a National Cemetery

24
Sept. 2, 1864
  • Gen. William Sherman, the Union commander in the
    west takes Atlanta

25
Jan. 31, 1864
  • Congress approves the 13th Amendment.
  • The amendment abolishes slavery, and it is
    submitted to the states for ratification.

26
April 2, 1865
  • Richmond, the Conf. capital is taken by the Union
    Army.

27
April 9, 1865
  • Gen. Lee surrenders to Gen. Grant at
    Appomattox Court House.

28
April 14/15, 1865
  • President Abraham Lincoln is assassinated by John
    Wilkes Booth at the Ford Theater.

1865
1860
29
Fords Theater April 14, 1865
30
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32
May 1865
  • Remaining Confederate soldiers surrender.
  • Approx. 620,000 Americans have died
  • Over half are killed by disease.
  • 50,000 soldiers return home as amputees
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