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Creation Myths

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... Chaos Nephthys - Goddess of Dusk and Death Anubis - God of Mummification, protection Khepri, Ra, Shu Tefnut Geb, Nut, Osiris, Isis, Seth, ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Creation Myths


1
Creation Myths
  • Common Elements
  • Feminine Process birth of the cosmos
  • Starts with Water or an egg, which are feminine
    elements

2
Egyptian Creation From Heliopolis
  • Khepri - Primordial Being
  • Causes Primal Mound to Rise out of Primeval
    Waters
  • Takes the shape of Re at the top of the Mound

3
Khepri
  • Shu - god, Atmosphere and Moisture
  • Geb - Father Earth
  • Tefnut - goddess, World Order
  • Nut - Mother Sky

4
Geb - Nut
  • Osiris - First King of Egypt, fertility, later -
    underworld
  • Isis - Mother Goddess
  • Horus - Divine Child
  • Seth - god of the Desert, Chaos
  • Nephthys - Goddess of Dusk and Death
  • Anubis - God of Mummification, protection

5
Khepri, Ra, Shu Tefnut
6
Geb, Nut, Osiris, Isis, Seth, Nephthys
7
Mesopotamia The Enuma Elish
  • In the beginning, there was Watery Chaos
  • Personified as Dragons
  • Apsu - God of Sweet Waters
  • Tiamat - Goddess of Bitter (Salt) Waters
  • Mummu - their Vizier (Prime Minister)

8
Apsu and Tiamat
9
Apsu - Tiamat
  • An
  • Enlil
  • Many more gods
  • Ea
  • Marduk
  • Anshar
  • Ninlil
  • Many more goddesses
  • Damkina

10
Ea and Marduk
11
Battle amongst the gods
  • Apsu, angered by the noise of so many gods,
    decides to kill them
  • Apsu attacks the gods against Tiamats wishes
  • Ea kills Apsu and makes a House out of his body.
    He becomes the new King of the Gods
  • Ea and Damkina have Marduk

12
The Anger of Tiamat
  • Tiamat, angry at the death of Apsu, takes
  • a 2nd husband, Kingu. Together they
  • create a race of monsters to harass the
  • gods and cause them grief.
  • None of the gods is able to defeat her.

13
Marduk and Tiamat battle
  • Marduk kills Tiamat. He splits her body into two
  • parts to make the earth and the sky. Marduk
  • becomes King of the Gods. He assigns jobs to
  • the gods and goddesses. They have to tend the
  • Earth. The gods complain.
  • Marduk orders a race of servants, humans, to
  • be created from the blood of Kingu to tend the
  • earth.

14
India the Upanishad
  • Purusa human form of Brahman. Splits
  • into male and female halves, they mate,
  • create humans

15
The creation of animals
  • The female half is uncomfortable
  • and turns into a cow to hide. The
  • male half turns into a Bull. They
  • mate all bovines are created.
  • She turns into a mare, he turns into
  • a stallion, all horses are created.
  • She turns into an ewe, he turns into
  • a ram, all sheep are created. And
  • so it continued all the way down to
  • ants.

16
All things are Brahman
  • When Purusa was
  • done creating, he
  • looked at everything
  • and said, All of this
  • am I.

17
Greek Creation based on Hesiods Theogony (the
birth of the Gods)
18
In the beginning there was a Void, from the Void
came Gaia and black Night
  • Gaia, Mother Earth,
  • creates offspring by
  • herself
  • The mountains
  • The Seas
  • The Heavens Ouranos (Uranus in Latin)
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