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BA08.00 Interpret the role of biotechnology in agriscience

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BA08.00 Interpret the role of biotechnology in agriscience 01 Define terminology related to biotechnology such as, biotechnology, cloning, genetics, DNA, etc – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: BA08.00 Interpret the role of biotechnology in agriscience


1
BA08.00 Interpret the role of biotechnology in
agriscience
  • 01 Define terminology related to biotechnology
    such as,
  • biotechnology, cloning, genetics, DNA, etc

2
A. Defining Biotechnology-
  • 1. Biotechnology is the manipulation of living
    organisms and organic material to serve human
    needs.

3
A. Defining Biotechnology-
  • . Examples a.
  • The use of yeast in bread making and the
    production of alcohol.
  • b. The use of beneficial bacteria (penicillium)
    to kill harmful organisms.
  • c. Cloning of plants and animals.
  • d. Artificial insemination.

4
B. Biotechnology Terminology-
  • 1. Cloning- the production of a genetically
    identical organism(s) from cells removed from a
    single parent.

5
B. Biotechnology Terminology-
  • 2. Clonal Offspring- organisms produced through
    the process of cloning always genetically
    identical to each other and the parent.

6
B. Biotechnology Terminology-
  • 3. Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA)- a nucleic acid
    with a double helix structure
  • responsible for the transmission of genetic
    material in all living organisms.

7
B. Biotechnology Terminology-
  • 4. Genetics- the study of the inheritance in
    plants and animals.

8
B. Biotechnology Terminology-
  • 5. Genetic Engineering- the process of removing
    and / or inserting genetic
  • material in order to change an organisms traits.

9
B. Biotechnology Terminology-
  • 6. GMO- Genetically modified organism, another
    name given to transgenic
  • organisms.

10
B. Biotechnology Terminology-
  • 7. Ribonucleic Acid (RNA)- a nucleic acid smaller
    than DNA (no double helix),
  • responsible for the production of proteins in a
    cell.

11
B. Biotechnology Terminology-
  • 8. Transgenic Organism- a genetically altered
    organism with DNA altered by the removal of genes
    or the insertion of genes from another organism.

12
BA08.00 Interpret the role of biotechnology in
agriscience.
  • BA08.02 Discuss potential applications for
    biotechnology in
  • production agriculture.

13
A. Applications of Biotechnology in Agriscience
  • 1. Use of biotechnology techniques in
    environmental science for cleaning
  • contaminants and protecting endangered species.
  • a. Ex bioremediation- use of natural organisms
    to clean improvements

14
A. Applications of Biotechnology in Agriscience
  • 2. The production of improved plants and animals
    resistant to insects,
  • diseases, or even harsh environmental conditions.
    (drought or ph) Ex
  • Immunoassay tests used for testing pollution.

15
A. Applications of Biotechnology in Agriscience
  • 3. Increased use of methods of invitro
    fertilization and artificial insemination
  • IMPROVE selective breeding programs in plants and
    animals.

16
Applications of Biotechnology in Agriscience
  • 4. The production of beneficial medical and
    nutritional substances in transgenic
  • plants and animals

17
Applications of Biotechnology in Agriscience
  • 5. DNA analysis / paternity testing has emerged
    as a technique to test the
  • genetic ancestry of animals.

18
B. Problems with Biotechnology in Production
Agriculture
  • 1. Transfer of genes found in transgenic
    organisms to natural populations.
  • a. Terminator genes have been used to minimize
    this risk.

19
B. Problems with Biotechnology in Production
Agriculture
  • 2. Unexpected impacts of genetically modified
    organisms and biotechnology
  • processes on other organisms and the environment.

20
B. Problems with Biotechnology in Production
Agriculture
  • 3. Expense of the utilization of many
    biotechnology techniques.
  • a. Ex cost of producing transgenic animals-
    transgenic fish, but no
  • livestock any time soon.

21
B. Problems with Biotechnology in Production
Agriculture
  • 4. Concerns over the safety and ethics of
    incorporating GMOs into food for
  • human consumption.

22
B. Problems with Biotechnology in Production
Agriculture
  • a. Ex the use of a genetically modified corn
    (Starlink) not approved for
  • human consumption in taco shells.

23
Problems with Biotechnology in Production
Agriculture
  • 5. Lack of education among both consumers and
    producers concerning
  • biotechnology processes and products

24
BA08.00 Interpret the role of biotechnology in
agriscience.
  • BA08.03 Summarize the relationship between the
    various
  • divisions of biotechnology and agriscience

25
A. General Relationship Between Biotech
Agriscience
  • 1. Increased activity and research between
    different agricultural areas with
  • common research techniques and goals.

26
B. Relationship of Biotechnology to Specific
Fields of Agriscience
  • 1. Biotechnology in Agricultural Production
  • a. Wide scale production of TRANSGENIC PLANTS
    impacting
  • horticulture.

27
B. Relationship of Biotechnology to Specific
Fields of Agriscience
  • 2. Biotechnology in Environmental Science
  • a. Immunoassay tests are methods used to test for
    the presence of
  • contaminants in soil, water, and even blood.
  • b. Installation of biological barriers to prevent
    the transfer of harmful
  • microorganisms between production facilities. Ex
    Tire wash
  • channels.

28
B. Relationship of Biotechnology to Specific
Fields of Agriscience
  • 3. Biotechnology and Health / Agri-medicine
  • a. The use of biological barriers to prevent the
    spread of harmful
  • microorganisms that could contaminate food
    sources.
  • b. Pharming- The creation of plants and animals
    capable of producing
  • medical substances.
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