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The 1970s and 1980s

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Title: The 1970s and 1980s Author: donn Last modified by: Donn Created Date: 3/29/2004 11:10:05 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show Company – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The 1970s and 1980s


1
The 1970s and 1980s
  • Lecture 1

2
Administrative
  • Reading for next time all remaining reading on
    this topic

3
Review
  • In 1960 unionism strong in blue collar and goods
    producing occupations and industries and weak in
    white collar and service producing occupations
    and industries
  • Development of collective bargaining by farm
    workers and teachers

4
Today
  1. Political and Economic Background
  2. New Pattern of Strikes and Government
    Anti-unionism
  3. New Patterns of Bargaining

5
I. Political and Economic Background
  • Only four years of Democratic Presidency over
    this period
  • Continued decline of goods producing sectors and
    rise of services
  • Decade of the 1970s was one of economic
    instability
  • Issues related to petroleum
  • Stagflation

6
II. New Patterns of Strikes and Government
Anti-unionism
  • The PATCO Strike (1981)
  • Background
  • Issues
  • Outcome
  • The Phelps Dodge Dispute (1983)
  • Background
  • Issues
  • Outcome

7
Strikes
  • PATCO dispute indicated hostility of government
    to unions
  • PATCO and Phelps Dodge signaled employers that
    they could replace strikers with impunity and
    with the approval of government
  • Operating during strike become normal
  • Threats to close or to replace strikers became
    the norm

8
Striker Replacement
  • McKay Radio Doctrine (1937)
  • Threats frequently carried out
  • Employers often prepared for strikes by arranging
    replacements in advance

9
III. New Patterns of Bargaining
  • New patterns of strikes left unions with little
    recourse
  • Concession bargaining
  • Wage freezes and wage and benefit cuts
  • lump-sum payments
  • Two-tiered bargaining

10
Next Time
  • New Economy of 1980s and beyond
  • Responses of the union movement
  • Women in the labor force in the 1970s and 1980s

11
The 1970s and 1980s
  • Lecture 2

12
Administrative
  • Reading for next time Ross, Sweated Labor in
    Cyberspace, in Boris and Lichtenstein

13
Review
  • Anti-labor political environment of 1970s and
    1980s and unstable economic environment of 1970s
  • New patterns of strikes and government
    anti-unionism
  • Concession bargaining

14
Today
  1. Post-industrial Society
  2. Women at work and family life in the 1970s and
    1980s
  3. White male workers in the 1970s and 1980s
  4. Trade unions

15
I. Post-Industrial Society
  • What is post-industrial society?
  • What is the nature of work like in that society?
  • What are consumption patterns like in that
    society?

16
II. Women at work and family life
  • What happened to womens work patterns in the
    1970s and 1980s?
  • What happened to patterns of family life?
  • Related to decline in fringe benefits, especially
    health care

17
Womens Issues at Work
  • Interest in childcare/daycare
  • Ability to pay for childcare with pre-tax dollars
  • Flexible schedules
  • Work from home
  • Cafeteria benefit plans

18
III. White Male Workers
  • Resentment of programs for women and minorities
  • Bakke Case
  • Weber Case
  • Johnson Case
  • Impact of Viet Nam War

19
IV. Trade Unions
  • AFL-CIO
  • All major unions affiliated
  • Membership of affiliates continued to decline
  • Continued to take strong anti-Communist
    international position
  • New approaches to union organizing
  • organizing unionism
  • Corporate Campaigns

20
Next Time
  • Begin discussion of the period since 1990
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