Five Kingdoms of Living Things - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Five Kingdoms of Living Things PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 5c78d9-NTdiY



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Five Kingdoms of Living Things

Description:

Five Kingdoms of Living Things Each living thing must have all of the following: Produce waste as it uses nutrients Get and use energy to breathe, move, and grow Grow ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:226
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 28
Provided by: Patt102
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Five Kingdoms of Living Things


1
Five Kingdoms of Living Things
2
Each living thing must have all of the following
  • Produce waste as it uses nutrients
  • Get and use energy to breathe, move, and grow
  • Grow and Develop during its lifetime
  • Reproduce to make the next generation
  • Change as it reacts to the environment
  • Have a lifespan (or Life Cycle)
  • Be made up of at least one Cell

3
Scientists divide all living things into 5
Kingdoms
  1. Protist
  2. Monera (or Bacteria)
  3. Fungi
  4. Plant
  5. Animal

4
The 5 Kingdoms
  • Taxonomy
  • a. the science of identifying, naming, and
    classifying
  • Classification
  • a. the act of placing objects in groups based
    on characteristics
  • Scientists use both of these to organize living
    organisms.
  • The largest group living things are placed in is
    a kingdom (there are 5).
  • The smallest classification group is the species.
    The second smallest is the genus.

5
Protista
  • Complex, single-celled life forms (eukaryotic)
  • Usually can only be seen through a microscope
  • Can be parasites that cause disease
  • Can make its own food or feed on other living
    things
  • A protist has a nucleus.
  • Examples amoeba, paramecium, simple algae

paramecium
ameba
6
Monera (Bacteria)
  • Simple single cells (prokaryotic)
  • Shaped like rods, spirals, and round balls
  • So small they can only be seen through a
    microscope
  • No nucleus!
  • Example bacteria

Bacteria
7
Protista and Monera

Eukaryotic (complex)
Most are single celled
Prokaryotic (simple)
Producers Or consumers
protista
monera
living
Examples Kelp, ameba, paramecium
No nucleus
Has a nucleus
Bacteria
8
Fungi
  • Many-celled organisms
  • Absorb food from living or dead things
    (consumers).
  • Parasitic plants (They are not true plants
    because they do not have chlorophyll to make
    their own food.)
  • Examples mushrooms, bread mold, penicillin,
    mildew, and yeast

9
Plants
  • Many-celled
  • Contain chlorophyll used to make their own food
    (producers) and gives them a green color
    (photosynthesis)
  • Have cell walls and large vacuoles
  • Divided into two main groups vascular and
    nonvascular plants

10
Vascular and Nonvascular
  • Tall
  • Has roots, root hairs, stems, tubes
  • Some have flowers, fruit, seeds
  • Chlorophyll
  • Some reproduce by spores
  • Have a cell wall
  • Need water, air, sunlight
  • Short
  • Do not have roots, leaves, flowers, root hairs,
    stems, fruit, tubes, seeds
  • Chlorophyll
  • Reproduce by spores
  • Have a cell wall
  • Need water, air, sunlight
  • Have rhizoids that hold them in place but do not
    absorb water or nutrients

11
Vascular Vs. Non-Vascular
has roots
short
chlorophyll
have root hairs
no roots
vascular
non-vascular
Have plant cells
can be tall
Have vacuoles cell walls
Dont have leaves, stems, or seeds
anchored to dirt
Make their own food
12
Animals
  • Divided into 2 main groups
  • 1. Invertebrates animals without backbones
  • 2. Vertebrates animals with backbones

Vertebrate
Invertebrate
13
Some have an exoskeleton
Have backbones
Vertebrates
Invertebrates
Exo means outside
No backbones
Have an endoskeleton
Endo means inside
14
Fish
  • Physical features
  • Fins
  • Gills
  • Cold-blooded
  • Scales
  • Classification Groups Animal Kingdom,
    Vertebrates
  • Facts Fish breathe. Fish lay eggs.

15
Amphibians
  • Physical Features
  • Moist, slimy bodies
  • Live on land AND in water
  • Breathe with gills as well as lungs (sometimes in
    different stages of life)
  • Cold-blooded
  • Classification Groups Animal Kingdom,
    Vertebrates
  • Facts They lay eggs in moist places. They may
    have gills that develop into lungs.

16
Reptiles
  • Physical Features
  • Dry, scaly skin
  • Cold-blooded
  • Breathe with lungs
  • Spend most of their time on land
  • Classification Groups Animal Kingdom,
    Vertebrates
  • Facts There are 4 types lizards, snakes,
    turtles, and alligators/crocodiles.
  • Most lay eggs.

17
Birds
  • Physical Features
  • Warm-blooded
  • Covered with feathers
  • Live on land, in trees, on water
  • Dont have front legs
  • Have wings
  • Have short, soft feathers called down
  • Classification Groups Animal Kingdom,
    Vertebrates
  • Facts Birds have beaks. Most fly. Few live in
    cold weather. They have hollow bones. Some have
    webbed feet.

18
Mammals
  • Physical Features
  • Warm-blooded
  • Have hair/fur to keep warm
  • Breathe with lungs
  • Give birth to live young, lay eggs, or have
    babies in pouches (marsupials).
  • Feed or nurse their young (milk glands)
  • Can be carnivores (meat eaters), herbivores
    (plant eaters), or omnivores (plant/meat eaters)

19
  • Classification Groups Animal Kingdom,
    Vertebrates
  • Facts
  • Keep steady body temperatures.
  • Some have fat/blubber to keep warm (whales).
  • We are mammals!
  • Temperature does not affect their activity
    levels.

20
Sponges
  • Physical Features
  • Live in water.
  • Have no heads or faces.
  • Have small openings, or holes (for breathing).
  • Classification Groups Animal Kingdom,
    Invertebrates
  • Facts Sponges are the simplest invertebrates.
    Most sponges in kitchens are artificial.

21
Mollusks
  • Physical Features
  • Have soft bodies like worms.
  • Have two body openings.
  • Some have a mantel (hard protective covering). A
    snail does an octopus does not.
  • Some have a strong muscular foot (not feetjust
    one foot).
  • Classification Groups Animal Kingdom,
    Invertebrates
  • Facts There are 3 types snails, scallops, and
    octopus. They are found in fresh/saltwater or on
    land.

22
Spiny-Skinned Animals
  • Physical Features
  • Have spines that cover their bodies.
  • Have tube feet.
  • Classification Groups Animal Kingdom,
    Invertebrates
  • Facts They live in oceans. They can pull off a
    scallops shell to eat the soft animal inside!

23
Hollow-Bodied Animals
  • Physical Features
  • Have a hollow center lined with digestive cells.
  • Have tentacles with sting ray cells.
  • Have a mouth.
  • Classification Groups Animal Kingdom,
    Invertebrates
  • Facts ERT find out characteristics of this
    animal group.

24
Flatworms Roundworms
  • Physical Features
  • They feed on other plants or animals (parasites).
  • Can be round or flat. Roundworms live in soil.
    Flatworms live in salt/freshwater.
  • Flatworms have one hole. Roundworms have two.
  • Classification Groups Animal Kingdom,
    Invertebrates
  • Facts They are more simple than segmented
    worms.
  • Tape worms can grow up to 72 feet!

25
Segmented Worms
  • Physical features
  • Have two openings for digestion.
  • Have a segmented body.
  • Have a brain, heart, and blood.
  • Classification Groups Animal Kingdom,
    Invertebrates
  • Facts They are found in soil or fresh/saltwater.

26
Arthropods
  • Physical Features
  • Have an exoskeleton.
  • Have jointed legs.
  • Have segmented bodies.
  • Most have eyes and feelers called antennas.
  • Classification Groups Animal Kingdom,
    Invertebrates
  • Facts They live in fresh/saltwater or on land.
    Insects, arachnids (spiders/ticks/scorpions), and
    crustaceans (lobsters/crabs/shrimps)
  • are included in the Arthropod group.
  • They are the largest animal group
  • that exists.

crabs
Arachnid (tarantula)
insect
27

Can you compare and contrast the 5 kingdoms?
Moneran Protist Fungus Plant
Animal
Many- celled Vertebrates invertebrates
Many- Celled 2 main Groups Vascular Non- vascular
One-celled Has a nucleus more complex than
monera
Most are many- celled
One-celled with no membrane
Bacteria
Paramecium
About PowerShow.com