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Muckrakers of the Progressive Reform Era

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Title: Slide 1 Author: Paul Abdo Last modified by: Janine Scholla Created Date: 2/13/2007 11:58:35 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Muckrakers of the Progressive Reform Era


1
Muckrakers of the Progressive Reform Era
  • 1890 - 1920

2
Muckrakers
  • Journalists who attempted to expose the evils of
    big business and corrupt government
  • The purpose of their reports was to educate the
    people about a problem and to encourage them to
    take action

3
What were the goals of the Progressives?
  • To meet the challenges presented by
    industrialization and urbanization
  • To break up the monopolies and restore
    competition
  • To break the power of political machines and
    improve democracy
  • To improve the quality of life for the people of
    the United States

4
Who were the Progressives?
  • Urban, middle class
  • Men and women
  • Democrats and Republicans
  • Well educated
  • Believers in capitalism (not socialism)
  • Pragmatic simple solutions to complex problems
  • All levels of government
  • Attempted a variety of reforms
  • Optimistic

5
Upton Sinclair The Jungle
  • FOOD INDUSTRY
  • Exposed the evils in the meatpacking industry
  • Resulted in the passage of the Meat Inspection
    Act and the Pure Food and Drug Act

6
Upton Sinclair
  • Was a Socialist
  • When interviewed, he said that he aimed at the
    countrys heart, but instead, hit them in the
    stomach

7
Ida Tarbell A History of Standard Oil (Co.)
  • MONOPOLIES
  • to expose the ruthless practices of John
    Rockefeller

VS.
8
Jacob Riis A Muckraking Photojournalist
  • URBAN POOR
  • Immigrant from Denmark
  • Worked as a police reporter and photographer
  • Most famous work How the Other Half Lives
  • Exposed living and working conditions of urban
    poor

9
Five Cents Lodging
10
Children Sleeping in Mulberry Street
11
(No Transcript)
12
Girls on a Stoop
13
Home of an Italian Rag Picker
14
Tenement Yard
15
Room in a Tenement Flat
16
Cityscape
17
A New York City Peddler
18
A Ludlow Street Sweatshop
19
Bandits Roost59 ½ Mulberry Street
20
Mens Lodging Room in West 47th Street Station
21
Womens Lodging Room in West 47th Street Station
22
Lincoln Steffens The Shame of the Cities
  • Told of the political corruption in Philadelphia
  • New types of city government organization
    introduced (city manager)

23
Jane Addams Urban and Immigrant Poor
  • Settlement Houses located in working class
    areas, offered help for new immigrants
  • Hull House, Chicago established devoted to
    helping urban poor

24
US Department of Labor
  • Child Labor
  • Compulsory Education

25
Frank Norris The Octopus
  • told of the struggle against the railroad
    monopolies
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