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Practical Job Search Strategies for International Students

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Practical Job Search Strategies for International Students Fred (Prakash) Kollaram. BSEE, MSEE. President h1visajobs.com Towson University Towson, MD – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Practical Job Search Strategies for International Students


1
Practical Job Search Strategies for
International Students
  • Fred (Prakash) Kollaram. BSEE, MSEE.
  • President h1visajobs.com Towson University
    Towson, MD
  • 6 February 2004
  • Exercise 1 Read Handouts.

2
Introduction of Speaker
  • Originally from India. Naturalized US citizen.
  • BSEE from India, MSEE from USA.
  • F-1 ? OPT ? green card ? US citizenship.
  • Software engineer/project manager (20 yrs.).
  • President h1visajobs.com.
  • Immigration researcher / publisher.
  • Sponsored professionals (H-1B, H-1A, green card).
  • Employed/sponsored students on F-1 OPT .

3
Students
  • From CS/IT/MIS
  • From Business
  • From Engineering
  • From other disciplines
  • Current on OPT
  • Will be on OPT in Spring 2004
  • Will be on OPT beyond Spring 2004

4
Job Search Is a Job
  • Objective - Know What You Want? Set Realistic
    Goals.
  • Look Within First - Self Assessment -
    Be honest
  • Look Outside - Myths - Illusions
    - Reality
  • Build Strategy The How. - Be Proactive -
    Plan Ahead - Stay Focused

5
Objective?
  • Work on my F-1 OPT
  • Work H-1B visa
  • Green Card
  • Return to home country

6
Self Assessment
  • Already in the US ()
  • OPT in hand. Can immediately start working ()
  • OPT not in hand (-)
  • No industrial experience (-)
  • US educated ()
  • Communication Skills () () advantage (-)
    disadvantage

7
Reality. Hidden Job Market.
  • 70 jobs filled without advertisements.
  • How jobs are created? - Resignation - Long
    leave - Promotion - New Projects -
    Busi. Expansion - Busi. Relocation
  • Who knows first? - Management - Employees
    - Business Associates

8
Reality. How Jobs get filled?
  • Free Comfort Zone. 1. Managers look for
    resumes on File 2. Managers transfer/promote
    employees 3. Employees respond to bulletin board
    postings 4. Employees recommend people in their
    networks 5. Busi. associates recommend people in
    their networks
  • Fee 6. Employee Referral Program (1000)
  • Fee 7. Advertisements (3000) Key Your
    resume must be with hiring manager while job
    opening is still hidden.

9
Reality. Why Hire You?
  • Companies hire intl students for their own
    reasons. - Shortage () - unattractive
    location () - small company () -
    unattractive benefits package () - minority
    ownership () - low salary () - urgency
    ()

10
Reality. Employers Limitations
  • No budget for on the job training. (-)
  • Hiring for specific tasks. (-)
  • Temporary need ()
  • Experience/Requirement dictated by clients (-)

11
Reality More
  • US economy (-)
  • Competition (-)
  • Cultural barriers (-)
  • Offshore jobs shift (-)
  • Educational loans back home ()

12
Strategy for Success
  • Uncover Hidden Job Market
  • Do networking Share info with Students - If
    you are not selected in job interview. - If you
    do not like job opening. - After you join.
  • Do networking Ask, follow-up - Professors
    - Friends - Relatives - Neighbors
    - Religious Gatherings

13
Exercise 2 Networking (2 Minutes)
  • List 10 people that you can network
    with. (Professors, classmates, friends,
    relatives, neighbors, etc.)
  • 1._______________ 6. _______________
  • 2. _______________ 7. _______________
  • 3. _______________ 8. _______________
  • 4. _______________ 9. _______________
  • 5. _______________ 10. _______________

14
Strategy for Success (Continued).
  • Already in the US ()
  • Do - Focus on local employers
  • OPT in hand ()
  • Sell - No paperwork needed
  • Sell - You can start working right away
  • OPT not in hand (-)
  • Do Get OPT in hand

15
Strategy for Success (Continued).
  • J-1 visa - home return restriction (-)
  • Do - Obtain waiver.
  • J-1 visa - no home return restriction ()
  • Sell - No paperwork needed.
  • Sell - You can start working right away.
  • No industrial experience (-)
  • Do - Learn job opening/companys line of
    business.
  • Sell - Sell projects and thesis as experience.
  • Sell - Independent study you have done.

16
Strategy for Success (Continued).
  • US educated ()
  • Sell Towson is one of the best schools on the
    East Coast.
  • Sell Done several advanced hands-on projects in
    (employers area of interest)

17
Strategy for Success (Continued).
  • Good English ().
  • Sell All my education has been in English.
  • Sell I did over 10 presentations in school to
    over 100 people.
  • Sell I possess good inter-personal skills.
  • Sell I possess excellent communication skills.
  • No one expects you to talk like an American

18
Strategy for Success (Continued).
  • Learn why should a company hire/sponsor you?
    Comfort zone / Compatibility
  • Sell Give personal assurances.
  • Do Focus on firms whose owners are from
    your country. Owners name?
  • Do Focus on companies that export to your
    country. Sites http//www.imex.com/
    http//www.world-exchange.biz/

19
Strategy for Success (Continued).
  • Learn why should a company hire/sponsor you? Size
    / Location
  • Do Focus on small companies - in your city
    (Baltimore) and - surrounding small towns
    / rural areas.
  • Do Keep away from large cities (Chicago,
    Atlanta, Denver, etc.).
  • Be open to go anywhere America is beautiful.

20
Strategy for Success (Continued).
  • Learn why should a company hire/sponsor
    you? Lower Salary Budget, Cannot find US
    citizens/permanent residents Do Accept lower
    (reasonable) salary unless you have other offers.
  • Sell I can start working right away.
  • Sell Looking for long term relationship.

21
Strategy for Success (Continued).
  • Learn hiring decision layers.
  • Receiving clerk (mostly in large companies) -
    filters out candidates not in line of business.
  • HR manager (mostly in large companies) -
    filters out resumes with no buzz words.
  • Functional manager .
  • - selects dependable, compatible, competent.
  • Decision making manager - selects candidate
    recommended by functional mgr. Success
    contact functional and decision mgrs directly .

22
Exercise 3 (2 Minutes)
  • Give 5 reasons why an employer should
    hire/sponsor you. What makes you better than
    your competition? Do not list I have a BS/MS
    Degree.
  • 1. __________________________________________
  • 2. ___________________________________________
  • 3. ___________________________________________
  • 4. ___________________________________________
  • 5. ___________________________________________

23
Resume Tips
  • Purpose of resume is to get an interview
  • A selling instruments
  • Should be concise, well laid out.
  • No spelling or grammatical errors
  • No more than 2 pages
  • Clearly state your objective

24
Resume Tips (Continued)
  • State positive things not negative.
  • Emphasize on hands-on experience not on courses
    taken. Use verbs past tense planned,
    analyzed, identified and prioritized tasks, sized
    work efforts, designed, implemented,
    experimented, measured, worked with instruments
    such as..., recorded, reported, negotiated,
    interacted with people, performed risk
    assessment, developed risk mitigation plans,
    presented views to colleagues, evaluated
    alternative plans, etc., etc

25
Resume Tips (Continued)
  • Reviewer has 10 seconds to determine if he/she
    should move on to next resume.
  • Bullets are easy/quick to read.
  • Do not say - no experience - recent
    graduate - need sponsorship - will take any
    job - looking for job in city only.

26
Exercise 4 Transferable Skills (Take Home)
Circle all your transferable skills.

Communication Skills The skillful expression, transmission and interpretation of knowledge and ideas. Words for your resume
Speaking effectively Writing concisely Listening attentively Expressing ideas Facilitating group discussion Providing appropriate feedback Negotiating Persuading Reporting information Editing Words for your resume
27
Exercise 4. Transferable Skills
Continued) Circle all transferable skills you
possess.

Research Planning The search for specific knowledge and the ability to conceptualize future needs and solutions for meeting those needs Human Relations The search for specific knowledge and the ability to conceptualize future needs and solutions for meeting those needs.
Forecasting, predicting Creating ideas Identifying problems Imaging alternatives Identifying resources Gathering information Solving problems Setting goals Extracting important information Defining needs Analyzing Developing evaluation strategies Developing rapport Listening Conveying feelings Providing support for others Motivating Sharing credit Counseling Cooperating Delegating with respect Representing others Perceiving feelings, situations Asserting
28
Exercise 4. Transferable Skills
Continued) Circle all transferable skills you
possess.

Organization, Management Leadership The ability to supervise, direct and guide individuals and groups in the completion of tasks and fulfillment of goals Work Survival The day-to-day skills which assist in promoting effective production and work satisfaction.
Initiating new ideas Handling details Coordinating tasks Managing groups Delegating responsibility Teaching Coaching Promoting change Selling ideas or products Decision making with others Managing conflict Implementing decisions Cooperating Enforcing policies Being punctual Managing time Attending to detail Meeting goals Enlisting help Accepting responsibility Setting and meeting deadlines Organizing Making decisions
29
Useful Resources
  • Handouts
  • Visit http//www.h1visajobs.com
  • Online Database of American Employers for
    International Professionals.
  • One-on-one counseling.
  • Questions to pkollaram_at_h1visajobs.com

30
Q A
  • Send your questions/comments to pkollaram_at_h1visaj
    obs.com. All the best.
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