The Rotary Youth Exchange Experience: Culture Shock and Reverse Culture Shock - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – The Rotary Youth Exchange Experience: Culture Shock and Reverse Culture Shock PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 5c1b4c-NTJkN



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

The Rotary Youth Exchange Experience: Culture Shock and Reverse Culture Shock

Description:

The Rotary Youth Exchange Experience: Culture Shock and Reverse Culture Shock NAYEN Conference ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:277
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 60
Provided by: Presen71
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: The Rotary Youth Exchange Experience: Culture Shock and Reverse Culture Shock


1
The Rotary Youth Exchange Experience
Culture Shock and
Reverse Culture Shock
  • NAYEN Conference
    2010
  • Dennis White, Ph.D.
  • dkwhite_at_itol.com
  • www.yeoresources.org

2
  • This presentation may be viewed at
    www.yeoresources.org.
  • If viewed on line, certain slides with
    hyperlinks will lead to other articles or
    materials

3
Culture
An integrated system of learned behavior patterns
that are characteristic of any given society. It
refers to the total way of life, including how
people think, feel and behave.
4
Metaphorically, culture is the lens through which
we view the world.
5
(No Transcript)
6
You cant trust your eyes when your imagination
is out of focus.  
Mark Twain
7
(No Transcript)
8
(No Transcript)
9
The Cultural Iceberg
Conscious behaviors
1/8th above the surface
Unconscious beliefs and values
7/8ths below the surface
10
  • When we think we know what we are seeing or
    hearing, it is very easy to make a mistake,
    especially in language.

11
What do they mean?
  • You are invited to take advantage of
  • the chambermaid.

  • Japanese hotel
  • I slaughter myself twice daily.
  • Israeli butcher
  • Ladies, leave your clothes here and
  • have a wonderful time.

  • French laundry

12
  • Dr. No
  • We dont want a doctor
  • Titanic
  • Ship Outta Luck!

13
  • At first we will be dependent upon translators
    sometimes a risky business

14
  • Sometimes, its just pronunciation

15
Ethnocentrism The universal tendency
for any culture to see its own values and
practices as natural and correct.
16
Ethnocentrism All cultures are
ethnocentric - and must be to impart their values
to their members.
17
I dont feel we did wrong in taking this great
country away from them. There were great numbers
of people who needed new land, and the Indians
were selfishly trying to keep it for themselves.
John Wayne
18
(No Transcript)
19
  • The world in which you were born is just one
    model of reality. Other cultures are not failed
    attempts at being like you. They are unique
    manifestations of the human spirit .
  • Wade Davis

20
In James Hiltons novel, Lost Horizon, An
American stranded in Shangri-la says to his
Tibetan rescuer I want to get back to
civilization as soon as possible. The Tibetans
reply Are you so very certain that you are
away from it?  
21
Ethnorelativism The acquired ability to see
many values and behaviors as cultural rather than
universal.
22
Ethnorelativism This approach attempts to
understand values and behaviors from the point of
view of that culture, rather than as right or
wrong.
23
Ethnorelativism It assumes that ones
own culture is no more central to describing and
evaluating reality than any other - regardless of
ones strongly held preferences
24
I see America through a sharper lens - both her
strengths and her weaknesses and I am tired of
people who uncritically accept everything
American as right. American Exchange
Student
25
Ethnocentrism is similar to egocentrism.
Ethnorelativism is similar to empathy.
26
Our own culture, or sub-culture, comes to us as
naturally and unconsciously as our
handedness. We generally dont think about
what hand we will use to write our names.
Changing our cultural point of view is about as
hard as changing our handedness. Both are
possible, but neither is easy.
27
  • The Golden Rule
  • Do unto others as you would have others do
    unto you.

28
(No Transcript)
29
The Platinum RuleDo unto others as they would
have you do unto them.
30
(No Transcript)
31
Real life examples
  • Watching the moon landing in Iranian
    theatres
  • Holding hands

32
In a new culture everything is harder
33
Developing cultural sensitivity and competence
requires moving from Ethnocentrism to
Ethnorelativism One World or Many.doc 
34
Developing Intercultural Sensitivity
The Experience of Difference
Acceptance Adaptation Integration
Denial Defense Minimization
Ethnocentric Stages
Ethnorelative Stages
Model developed by Dr.. Milton Bennett, Portland
State University
35
Culture Shock
  • The profound sense of disorientation and
    discomfort that comes with extended travel or
    living in a foreign culture markedly different
    from ones own.
  • Culture Shock.doc 

36
Stages of Culture Shock
  • Initial enthusiasm and euphoria
  • Irritability and negativism
  • Gradual adjustment and adaptation
  • Integration and bi-culturalism
  • The Middle Wave of Culture Shock.doc 

37
Culture Shock Cycle
Rotary Youth Exchange
Months
Pre-Departure
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
10 11 12 Return ...
Normal Level of Feelings
Adapted from a model by Robert Kohls
38
Culture Shock Cycle
Rotary Youth Exchange
Months
Pre-Departure
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
10 11 12 Return ...
Normal Level of Feelings
Adapted from a model by Robert Kohls
39
Normal Distribution of Any Cultural Trait
A typical student
Frequency
Amount of Trait
Example Individualism vs. Group
Orientation
40
Comparing Two Cultures (on any given trait)
In this example, there is some overlap, but the
two cultures are mostly different
41
Culture Shock
After Adaptation
42
Returning To Home Culture
43
Reverse Culture Shock
Returning To Home Culture
44
Severe Reverse Culture Shock
Returning To Home Culture
45
Most people anticipate some degree of culture
shock. Very few people believe they will
experience reverse culture shock.
46


47


48


49
Reverse Culture Shock (Re-entry Shock)
  • The often unexpected and difficult period of
    disorientation and readjustment experienced after
    returning to ones own culture after an extended
    period of living abroad.
  • So You Think You're Home Now.doc 

50
The Stages of Reverse Culture Shock are almost
the same as those of Culture Shock
  • Initial Euphoria (may be very brief or not happen
    at all)
  • Irritability and Negativism ( may be very
    lengthy)
  • Gradual Adaptation
  • True Bi-Culturalism

51
Culture Shock and Reverse Culture Shock are not
just unpleasant side effects of international
living.
  • They are the necessary ingredients that bring
    about quality intercultural education.

52
We can prepare for both forms of
culture shock by
  • Anticipating CS and RCS.
  • Normalizing these phenomena.
  • Remembering that compost happens.
  • Remembering that, as new depths of
    understanding develop, new waves of
    culture shock emerge.

53
Culture shock pushes me out of my comfort zone
  • Under pressure, we tend to fall back on what
    is comfortable, habitual, and unconscious.
  • Even when we know how to follow a cultural
    practice, and can do it, the tendency is to fall
    back.

54
What is the best advice to give an exchange
student?
55
(No Transcript)
56
Therefore, culture shock is not a one-time
phenomenon.
  • Rather, it is a repetitive process of
    increasingly subtle immersion into a culture.
  • It often involves taking two steps forward and
    one step back.

57
Developing Intercultural Sensitivity
The Experience of Difference
Acceptance Adaptation Integration
Denial Defense Minimization
Ethnocentric Stages
Ethnorelative Stages
Successive cycles of awareness
58
The key to developing cultural competence is to
understand the experience of difference
  • Understanding what the difference means
    within the context of that culture.
  • Understanding our own reactions to the
    experience of difference.

59
In empathy, there is a risk of becoming so
skilled at understanding someone elses point of
view, that ones own beliefs are not as firm.
60
In ethnorelativism, the risk is the same. One
may find deeply ingrained beliefs are not as
firmly held.
61
I love my country more now than ever, but I am
critical of those who blindly accept everything
American as the best, especially when they have
never been out of the country. American Peace
Corps Volunteer
62
How I Have Changed?How Have I Changed.doc 
  • An exercise using 44 statements that have
    often been identified by exchange students as
    significant changes from the experience.

63
  • How I Have Changed
  • One students response
  • My youth exchange year was one of incredible
    change and growth for me. In addition to seeing
    so much of the rest of the world, and making such
    wonderful friends, I changed in ways I never knew
    were possible.

64
  • How I Have Changed
  • One students response
  • I am more confident and positive when meeting
    new people. I have a greater ability to empathize
    with others and to put myself in their place when
    making judgments. I have greater willingness to
    take on new roles and tasks.

65
  • How I Have Changed
  • One students response
  • I have more ability to see myself
    objectively, in a more realistic context. I
    understand more fully my own strengths and
    weaknesses. I am more tolerant of ambiguous
    situations and more open to differing
    interpretations of them. I feel greater respect
    and appreciation for my family.

66
  • How I Have Changed
  • One students response
  • And most of all, I feel more surely that
    common bonds unite all human beings. Thank you,
    Rotary for the best year of my life.

67
  • You will experience culture shock or at
    least I hope you do.
  • The trick, and the real learning will be
    accepting and adapting.
  • And I wish you the best of luck

68
Dennis White, Ph.D.207 S. 4th Ave.Sturgeon Bay,
WI. 54235Telephone 920-746-1346Fax
920-746-1347Email dkwhite_at_itol.com
For more information,

visit www.yeoresources.org
About PowerShow.com