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My Little

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National Archives Washington DC Charters of Freedom - the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution and the Bill of Rights in the National Archives Rotunda are ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: My Little


1
My Little Constitution and more!
2
National Archives Washington DC
  • Charters of Freedom - the Declaration of
    Independence, the Constitution and the Bill of
    Rights in the National Archives Rotunda are the
    centerpiece of the National Archives Experience.

3
Front of folder
My Little Constitution
  • The U.S. Constitution balances the powers of the
    federal government among the legislative,
    executive and judicial branches
  • Constitutional Convention- May 1787 Philadelphia
  • MLC Vocab.
  • Constitution-
  • federalism (federal system)-
  • reserved Powers-
  • concurrent Powers-
  • Impeach-
  • veto-
  • pardon-
  • amendments-
  • Bill of Rights-
  • Federalist Papers-

4
The President
5
  • Article II. The Executive Branch
  • (Enforces Law)

The President
6
1 of 2
  • Requirements
  • Must be 35 years old
  • 14 year resident of U.S.
  • Must have been born in U.S.

7
2 of 2
  • Serves 4 year terms
  • May serve 2 terms
  • -can be consecutive

8
1 of 4
  • Franklin D. Roosevelt only president to serve
    more than 2 terms
  • 22nd Amendment now limits presidents to 2 terms

9
2 of 4
  • Elected by the Electoral College
  • (538 people selected by parties)
  • Not directly elected by
  • the people who vote

10
3 of 4
  • Executive Departments do most of work
  • 15 Executive Departments
  • Heads of Ex. Depts. Cabinet
  • Cabinet is group that advises president

11
4 of 4
  • To carry out law, treaties and statutes
    president issues executive orders commands that
    have power of law

12
1 of 8
  • Nominate judges for the United States Supreme
    Court (USSC)

13
2 of 8
  • Commander and Chief
  • of the
  • armed forces

14
3 of 8
  • Writes the
  • yearly budget
  • Thousands
  • of pages

15
4 of 8
  • Power
  • to approve
  • or
  • Veto bills

16
5 of 8
  • Create foreign policy and negotiates treaties w/
    other nations

17
6 of 8
  • Pardon any criminal
  • Give yearly State of the Union Address

18
7 of 8
  • President lives in the White House in Washington
    D.C.

19
8 of 8
  • Draw the picture
  • of the White House

20
(No Transcript)
21
The Supreme Court
22
  • Article III The Judicial Branch
  • (Interprets Law)

Federal Court System
23
1 of 2
  • Constitution created USSC
  • 9 justices sit on the court
  • Term Serve for life on good behavior

24
2 of 2
  • Rule on law
  • Constitutional or unconstitutional
  • Rulings affect country

25
1 of 4
  • Marbury v. Madison
  • established power of Judicial review power to
    declare act of Congress unconstitutional

26
2 of 4
  • Receive thousands of cases to review every year
  • Choose to review about 100

27
3 of 4
  • View appeals
  • (requests for review)
  • Never by trial

28
4 of 4
  • Chief Justice presides over impeachment trial
  • of President

29
1 of 8
  • Judicial Branch made up of system of federal
    courts headed by U.S.S.C

30
2 of 8
  • Judiciary Act of 1789 created the system of lower
    courts

31
3 of 8
  • Lower federal courts divided into 94 districts
  • Each state has at least 1

32
4 of 8
  • Can appeal case to court of appeals. Court of
    appeals are in districts

33
5 of 8
  • After C of A case, result can be appealed to
    U.S.S.C

34
6 of 8
  • 1967- Thurgood Marshall 1st African American
    U.S.S.C Judge
  • 1981- Sandra Day Oconer 1st woman
  • U.S.S.C Judge

35
7of 8
  • Some cases
  • Scott v Stanford- slaves cant sue in court
    because they are property
  • Brown v Board of Education- Segregation in
    schools is unconstitutional
  • Miranda v. Arizona- Must be given rights after
    arrest

36
8 of 8
  • Draw the Supreme Court building

37
(No Transcript)
38
The Congress
39
  • Article I The Legislative Branch
  • (Creates Law)

Congress
40
1 of 2
  • There are 2 houses (Bicameral)

41
2 of 2
  • 2 Houses
  • 1.Senate (more powerful house)
  • 100 senators
  • 2. House of Representatives
  • 435 Reps.

42
1 of 4
  • 2 houses of Congress rarely meet
  • State of Union Address
  • National emergency

43
2 of 4
  • The majority party in Congress almost always
    controls outcomes
  • Political Parties not in the Const.

44
  • The Democratic Donkey and the Republican Elephant
  • Ever wondered what the story was behind these two
    famous party animals?
  • The now-famous Democratic donkey was first
    associated with Democrat Andrew Jackson's 1828
    presidential campaign. His opponents called him a
    jackass (a donkey), and Jackson decided to use
    the image of the strong-willed animal on his
    campaign posters. Later, cartoonist Thomas Nast
    used the Democratic donkey in newspaper cartoons
    and made the symbol famous.
  • Democrats today say the donkey is smart and brave
  • Nast invented another famous symbolthe
    Republican elephant. In a cartoon that appeared
    in Harper's Weekly in 1874, Nast drew a donkey
    clothed in lion's skin, scaring away all the
    animals at the zoo. One of those animals, the
    elephant, was labeled The Republican Vote.
    That's all it took for the elephant to become
    associated with the Republican Party.
  • Republicans say the elephant is strong and
    dignified.

45
3 of 4
  • Sometimes need to stretch delegated powers to
    deal with unexpected
  • Elastic Clause make Laws which will be
    necessary and proper

46
4 of 4
  • Members of each house serve on committees
  • (where work is done)

47
1 of 8
  • Propose bills (laws)

48
2 of 8
  • Override Presidential veto with a 2/3 vote
  • Officially Declare War
  • Impeach President

49
3 of 8
  • Propose amendments to Constitution with a
  • 2/3 vote in both houses
  • States then
  • must vote on

50
4of 8
  • House of Reps Req.
  • 2 year term
  • Unlimited
  • 25 years old
  • Citizen 7 years

51
5 of 8
  • Leader of House Speaker of the House
  • Follows VP in line of
  • succession to replace
  • president

52
6 of 8
  • Senate Req. (more powerful house)
  • 6 year term
  • unlimited
  • 30 years old
  • Citizen 9 years

53
7 of 8
  • Vice President is the President of the Senate
  • Only votes to break a tie vote

54
8 of 8
  • Draw the picture of the capital building

55
Write under Congress booklet
  • Senate
  • To block bill, can Fillibuster
  • Senate can talk a bill to death- Literally just
    keep talking
  • Need 60 votes to stop

56
The President
Rule on Executive actions constitutional or
unconstitutional
Appoints judges
Supreme Court
57
Rule on laws Constitutional or unconstitutional
Supreme Court
Congress
Propose constitutional amendments to override
decisions Confirm and can impeach justices
58
The President
Override veto, need 2/3 vote of both houses
Reject or confirm appointments/ treaties
Can impeach president
Can veto any bill
May withhold funding
Congress
59
The President
Article V. Amending Const. -2/3 of both houses
must agree to propose - 3/4 of states must vote
to adopt
60
Back of folder

Article IV. Add states/ citizens treated same all
states Article V. Amending the Constitution Articl
e VI. Constitution is supreme law Article VII.
Ratification (9/13) Amendments to the
Constitution Bill of Rights (amendments 1-10) Dec
15, 1791 There are 27 amendments to the
Constitution some notable amendments after Bill
of Rights 13th abolishes slavery 14th due
process, defines citizenship 19th womans
suffrage
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