Most important Geographers/Theories Be able to match the person to their theory/model Be able to recognize/classify the theory/model - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Most important Geographers/Theories Be able to match the person to their theory/model Be able to recognize/classify the theory/model

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Title: Most important Geographers/Theories Be able to match the person to their theory/model Be able to recognize/classify the theory/model


1
Most important Geographers/TheoriesBe able to
match the person to their theory/modelBe able to
recognize/classify the theory/model
  • Pop/Migration
  • Boserup
  • Malthus
  • Ravenstein
  • Thompson
  • Zelinsky
  • THEORIES/CONCEPTS gt
  • Gravity model-migration push pull factors,
  • population food supply issues
  • rural to urban migration,
  • Ties b/t population growth economic growth,
  • Demographic Transition
  • Culture gt Language diffusion (military vs
    agriculture
  • M. Gimbutas (p
  • C. Renfrew (p )
  • Nature/Perspectives
  • Sauer
  • Ratzel
  • Koppen
  • THEORIES/CONCEPTS gt
  • environmental determinism Possiblism,
  • Climate classification system
  • DEV/RESOURCES
  • Rostow
  • Wallerstein
  • Theories/CONCEPTS gt
  • Stages of eco growth,
  • world systems theory

2
Name the model or theory
  • Koppen
  • Climate classifications

3
Name the model or theory
  • Norman Borlaug
  • RIP, 2009 ?
  • Green Revolution

4
Name the model or theory
  • Esther Boserup
  • Population and economic growth theory

Not the worry wart regarding population
5
Name the model or theory
  • ERNST BURGESS
  • CONCENTRIC ZONE MODEL OF URBAN GROWTH

Burgess and Urban BURban
6
Name the model or theory
  • CHRISTALLER
  • CENTRAL PLACE THEORY OF URBAN/SERVICES DEVELOPMENT

7
Name the model or theory
  • HARRIS ULLMAN
  • MULTIPLE NUCLEI MODEL OF URBAN GROWTH

Multiple names multiple nuclei
8
Name the model or theory
  • HOMER HOYT
  • SECTOR MODEL OF URBAN GROWTH

Homer / sector
9
Name the model or theory
  • Alfred Mahan
  • Sea power theory of political growth

10
Name the model or theory
  • Thomas Malthus
  • Theory of overpopulation

11
Name the model or theory
  • HALFORD MAKINDER
  • HEARTLAND THEORY OF POLITICAL POWER

MaKINDer is kind HEARTed
12
Name the model or theory
  • PETER MULLER
  • SUBURBANIZATION TRANSPORTATION ANALYSIS IN
    URBAN REGIONS

Muller Mules TRANSPORT
13
Name the model or theory
  • FRIEDRICH RATZEL
  • ORGANIC THEORY OF STATE GROWTH
  • ENVIRONMENTAL DETERMINISM - Natural
    surroundings rule human action

A RAT is ORGANIC/alive RATs live in the
environment
14
Name the model or theory
  • Ernst Ravenstein
  • Gravity model of migration Laws of Migration

RAVENS fly/ MIGRATE
15
Name the model or theory
  • Collin Renfrew
  • Language diffusion by agricultural means

CoLLin/Language..
16
Name the model or theory
  • Walter Rostow
  • Stages of economic growth/development
  • Be able to name the stages w/country examples

RostOW economic grOWth
17
Name the model or theory
  • Carl Sauer
  • Possibilism
  • Humans can alter their environment

??
18
Name the model or theory
  • Nicholas Spykeman
  • He who controls the Rimland, controls the world
    political systems theory

SPYKE the RIM
19
Name the model or theory
  • Taylor and Lang
  • World Cities Model

tAyLor / LAng L.A. is a world city
20
Name the model or theory
  • VON THUNEN
  • AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITIES IN AN ISOLATED STATE
    SURROUND A MARKET ZONE THAT IS CIRCULAR

Not Burgess, but look the same.
21
Name the model or theory
  • Immanuel Wallerstein
  • World Systems Theory

Wallerstein World
22
Name the model or theory
  • Alfred Weber
  • Least Cost theory and Industrial location theory

Cheap guy/theory
23
Name the model or theory
  • Warren Thompson
  • Demographic Transition
  • Holds that slowing population growth is
    attributable to
  • improved economic production
  • and higher standards of living brought about by
    changes in medicine, education and
    sanitation.Overcrowding is a reflection of the
    Carrying Capacity and not the numbers per unit
    area.
  • (Carrying Capacity is the of people an area can
    support on a sustained basis given the prevailing
    technology.)

24
Name the model or theory
  • John Borchert
  • Urbanization American Epochs
  • Five distinct periods in the history of American
    urbanization. Each epoch is characterized by the
    impact of a particular transport technology on
    the creation and differential rates of growth of
    American cities.

25
Name the model or theory
  • Joel Garreau
  • Edge Cities/ Urbanization

26
Name the model or theory
  • Harold Hotelling
  • Industry
  • Locational interdependence
  • Ice cream/starbucks theory

27
Name the model or theory
  • August Losch
  • Industrialization
  • Profit maximization
  • make me happy guy

28
Most important Geographers/TheoriesBe able to
match the person to their theory/modelBe able to
recognize/classify the theory/model
  • INDUSTRIALIZATION/ECO DEVELOPMENT
  • Weber
  • Rostow
  • Wallerstein
  • Thompson
  • Borlaug (as related to development)
  • Theories/CONCEPTS gt
  • Stages of eco growth,
  • world systems theory
  • Demographic Transition
  • Least cost theory
  • Green Revolution links to development
  • CITIES AND URBAN LAND USE
  • Borchert, Burgess, Harris/Ullman
  • Hotelling, Losch, Garreau, Christaller
  • Hoyt, Muller
  • THEORIES/CONCEPTS
  • Political
  • Mahan
  • Spykman
  • Mackinder
  • Ratzel
  • Models/Theories/concepts
  • Sea power
  • Rimland theory
  • Heartland theory
  • Organic states
  • AGRICULTURE
  • Von Thunen
  • Borlaug
  • Boserup
  • Christaller
  • Renfrew

29
  • Anatolian Hearth theory
  • Correlation b/t source areas of 3 agricultural
    centers and 3 major languages

Turkey/agriculture/food/language
30
  • Central Place Theory
  • Spatial distribution of cities/service centers is
    a hexagon w/CP in the middle

Chrystals
31
  • Core-Periphery model
  • World systems
  • Places/regions cant develop equally, somebody
    has to be poor!

32
  • Demographic Transition Model
  • Birth and mortality rates are tied to stages of
    development

33
  • Demographic Transition
  • Holds that slowing population growth is
    attributable to
  • improved economic production
  • and higher standards of living brought about by
    changes in medicine, education and
    sanitation.Overcrowding is a reflection of the
    Carrying Capacity and not the numbers per unit
    area.
  • (Carrying Capacity is the of people an area can
    support on a sustained basis given the prevailing
    technology.)

34
  • Dependency Theory
  • Poor countrys economy is tied to a rich country,
    usually its former colonizer

Tied to Neo-colonialism
35
  • Gravity model of migration
  • Relationship b/t volume of migration and distance
    from source destination is inverse

Black Hole city
36
  • Heartland Theory
  • Mackinder's Heartland (also known as the Pivot
    Area) is the core area of Eurasia, and the
    World-Island is all of Eurasia (both Europe and
    Asia).
  • He who controls Europe, controls the world

Who rules East Europe commands the HeartlandWho
rules the Heartland commands the World-IslandWho
rules the World-Island commands the world
37
  • Least Cost/Location Theory
  • Minimizing transportation costs

Cheap theory
38
  • Migration Theory
  • Push-Pull Forces impact choices
  • FORCED
  • VOLUNTARY
  • IMPELLED
  • CHAIN

39
  • Concentric Zone Model
  • Burgess
  • Focus on CBD importance b/c CBD is at the center
    of the model

????
40
  • Multiple Nuclei model
  • CBD is not as important, urban areas develop
    several CBDs

41
  • Sector model
  • Based on urban transportation routes and bid rent
    prices

42
  • World Systems Theory
  • Development is applicable across scales local
    to regional to global

43
  • Five distinct periods in the history of American
    urbanization.
  • Each epoch is characterized by the impact of a
    particular transport technology on the creation
    and differential rates of growth of American
    cities.
  • Urbanization American Epochs

44
  • Edge Cities/ Urbanization

45
  • Where there is a Target, there is also a.
  • Industry
  • Locational interdependence
  • Ice cream/
  • starbucks theory

46
  • Industrialization
  • Profit maximization
  • make me happy guy
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