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The Early Greeks Chapter 4 section 1

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The Early Greeks Chapter 4 section 1 Objective Discuss the geography of Greece. Compare and contrast the civilizations of the Minoans and the Mycenaeans. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Early Greeks Chapter 4 section 1


1
The Early Greeks Chapter 4 section 1
2
Objective
  • Discuss the geography of Greece.
  • Compare and contrast the civilizations of the
    Minoans and the Mycenaeans.

3
Map of the Early Greeks
4
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5
Geography of Greece
  • Mainland Greece is mountainous peninsula- a body
    of land with water on three sides.
  • The Ionian Sea is to the west of Greece, the
    Aegean is to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea
    is to the south.
  • Ancient Greeks were fishers, sailors, traders,
    and farmers.
  • The rocky soil made it difficult to farm,
    however, people could grow wheat, barley, olives,
    and grapes in the favorable climate.

6
The Minoans
  • The geography of Greece influenced where people
    settled and what they did. Because of their
    geographical location they were bound to that
    area and learned to work independently from
    others. This independence led to segregation
    between city-states.
  • The Minoans were the first settlers of Greece,
    beginning around 2000 B.C. until about 1450 B.C.
  • The island of Crete, which lies southwest of the
    Greek mainland was the center of the Minoan
    civilization.

7
The Palace of Knossos
  • The Palace of Knossos (located on the island of
    Crete) was the economic and political center of
    the Minoan civilization.

8
The Throne Room
  • The palace had twisting passageways that led to
    many different rooms, including private quarters
    for the royal family.

9
A Covered Passageway in the Palace
10
Ancient Minoans
  • The Minoans made their wealth from trade.
  • They built ships from oak and sailed as far as
    Egypt.
  • The traded pottery and stone vases for ivory and
    metals.

11
Minoan Legend
  • Theseus
  • Minotaur

12
Decline of the Minoans
  • About 1450 B.C., the Minoan civilization suddenly
    collapsed.
  • Some historians think undersea earthquakes caused
    giant waves that washed away the Minoans cities.
  • Others think the cities were destroyed by a group
    of Greek invaders called the Mycenaeans.

13
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14
The Mycenaeans
  • The Mycenaeans were from central Asia. They
    invaded the Greek mainland around 1900 B.C. The
    kingdom lasted until about 1200 B.C.
  • They built the first Greek kingdoms and spread
    their power across the Mediterranean region.
  • The Mycenaean leaders became the first Greek
    kings.
  • The center of the Mycenaean kingdom was a
    fortified palace on a hill.

15
Lion Gate at Mycenae
This was the entrance to the city
16
Mycenaean Kingdom
  • Beyond the palace walls lay large farms, or
    estates.
  • The palaces hummed with activity. Artisans
    tanned leather, sewed clothes, and made jars for
    wine and olive oil.
  • Government officials kept track of the wealth of
    every person in the kingdom.
  • Soon after Mycenaeans set up their kingdoms,
    Minoan traders began to visit from Crete. As a
    result they learned a lot about each others
    culture.
  • Around 1400 b.c., the Mycenaeans replaced the
    Minoans as the major power on the Mediterranean
    sea.
  • While they became successful in trade they were
    most proud of their victory in the Trojan War.

17
Mycenaean Legend Trojan War
18
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19
Collapse of the Mycenaeans
  • By 1200 B.C. the Mycenaeans were in trouble.
  • Earthquakes and fighting among the kingdoms had
    destroyed their hilltop forts.
  • By 1100 B.C. the Mycenaean civilization
    collapsed.

20
Comparing and Contrasting Minoan and Mycenaean
Minoans
Mycenaean
  • Settled on mainland of Greece
  • Artisans and sailors
  • Destroyed by earthquakes and fighting
  • Legend Trojan War
  • Settled on the island of Crete
  • Fishers, traders and sailors
  • Legend Theseus and the Minotaur
  • Destroyed by tsunamis or invaders

21
Comparing and Contrasting Minoan and Mycenaean
Mycenaean
Minoans
  • Sailors
  • Destroyed by fighting
  • legends

22
Check for Understanding
  • What is a peninsula?
  • What was the first civilization that existed in
    Greece?
  • What were the two legends discussed today?
  • What caused the end of the Minoan and Mycenaean
    civilizations?
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