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Language and Thought

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Chapter 10 Language and Thought Language Language our spoken, written, or gestured works and the way we combine them to communicate meaning Phoneme in a spoken ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Language and Thought


1
  • Chapter 10
  • Language and Thought

2
Language
  • Language
  • our spoken, written, or gestured works and the
    way we combine them to communicate meaning
  • Phoneme
  • in a spoken language, the smallest distinctive
    sound unit

3
Language
  • Morpheme
  • in a language, the smallest unit that carries
    meaning
  • may be a word or a part of a word (such as a
    prefix)
  • Grammar
  • a system of rules in a language that enables us
    to communicate with and understand others

4
Language
  • Semantics
  • the set of rules by which we derive meaning from
    morphemes, words, and sentences in a given
    language
  • also, the study of meaning
  • Syntax
  • the rules for combining words into grammatically
    sensible sentences in a given language

5
Language
  • We are all born to recognize speech sounds from
  • all the worlds languages

6
Language
  • Babbling Stage
  • beginning at 3 to 4 months
  • the stage of speech development in which the
    infant spontaneously utters various sounds at
    first unrelated to the household language
  • One-Word Stage
  • from about age 1 to 2
  • the stage in speech development during which a
    child speaks mostly in single words

7
Language
  • Two-Word Stage
  • beginning about age 2
  • the stage in speech development during which a
    child speaks in mostly two-word statements
  • Telegraphic Speech
  • early speech stage in which the child speaks like
    a telegram-go car--using mostly nouns and
    verbs and omitting auxiliary words

8
Language
9
Language
  • Genes design the mechanisms for a language, and
    experience activates them as it modifies the brain

10
Language
  • New language learning gets harder with age

11
Language
  • Linguistic Determinism
  • Whorfs hypothesis that language determines the
    way we think

12
Language
  • The interplay of thought and language

13
Animal Thinking and Language
  • The straight-line part of the dance points in the
    direction of a nectar source, relative to the sun

14
Animal Thinking and Language
  • Gestured Communication

15
Animal Thinking and Language
  • Is this really language?
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