Chapter 5, Section 1: Sub-Saharan Africa - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Chapter 5, Section 1: Sub-Saharan Africa

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Title: Chapter 5, Section 1: Sub-Saharan Africa Author: Jennifer Last modified by: Jennifer Created Date: 11/8/2007 12:44:27 AM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Chapter 5, Section 1: Sub-Saharan Africa


1
Chapter 5, Section 1 Sub-Saharan Africa
  • A Review of the Geography of Africa

2
Sahel
  • Semiarid region that separates the arid Sahara
    from the tropical West Africa
  • Dry for eight (8) months of the year
  • Has pastures with low-growing grass and tall
    trees such as baobabs.

Sahel
3
Ethiopian Highlands
  • Made up of mountains that likely started as
    volcanoes
  • Cut by deep valleys

Sahel
Ethiopian Highlands
4
Mount Kilimanjaro
  • Highest mountain in Africa
  • Is an extinct volcano
  • Coffee beans and plantains are grown at the
    bottom of the mountain

Sahel
Ethiopian Highlands
Mt. Kilimanjaro
5
Lake Victoria
  • Largest lake in Africa
  • Major source of water for the Nile River
  • The area around the lake is one of the most
    densely populated areas in Africa

Sahel
Ethiopian Highlands
Lake Victoria
Mt. Kilimanjaro
6
Nile River
  • The longest river in the world stretching from
    central Africa to the Mediterranean
  • Supports almost all agriculture in Egypt
  • Supplies water for 20 of Sudans crops

Sahel
Nile River
Ethiopian Highlands
Lake Victoria
Mt. Kilimanjaro
7
Congo Basin
  • The worlds second largest river basin

Sahel
Nile River
Ethiopian Highlands
Congo Basin
Lake Victoria
Mt. Kilimanjaro
8
Kalahari Desert
  • Arid plateau in southern Africa that is covered
    in red colored sand

Sahel
Nile River
Ethiopian Highlands
Congo Basin
Lake Victoria
Mt. Kilimanjaro
Kalahari Desert
9
Niger River
  • Long, twisting river that empties into a large
    delta
  • The delta is made up of swamps and lagoons
  • Is a major source of fish

Sahel
Niger River
Nile River
Ethiopian Highlands
Congo Basin
Lake Victoria
Mt. Kilimanjaro
Kalahari Desert
10
Sahara Desert
  • The worlds largest desert that extends from the
    Atlantic Ocean to the Red Sea
  • Comprised of
  • Sand dunes
  • Rocks and gravel
  • One of the harshest climates in the world
  • Strong winds
  • Lack of water
  • High temperatures
  • Little plant life

Sahara Desert
Sahel
Niger River
Nile River
Ethiopian Highlands
Congo Basin
Lake Victoria
Mt. Kilimanjaro
Kalahari Desert
11
Atlas Mountains
  • Mountain ranges and plateaus in northwest Africa
  • Is a climate barrier between the Sahara Desert
    and the Mediterranean Sea
  • North facing slopes are farmlands and forests
  • South facing slopes are filled with salt lakes
  • Rich in minerals like coal, iron and oil

Atlas Mts.
Sahara Desert
Sahel
Niger River
Nile River
Ethiopian Highlands
Congo Basin
Lake Victoria
Mt. Kilimanjaro
Kalahari Desert
12
Congo River (Zaire River)
  • One of the longest rivers in the world
  • Flows into the Atlantic Ocean
  • Because of its constant flow it is Africas
    largest potential source of hydroelectric power

Atlas Mts.
Sahara Desert
Sahel
Niger River
Congo River
Nile River
Ethiopian Highlands
Lake Victoria
Congo Basin
Mt. Kilimanjaro
Kalahari Desert
13
Indian Ocean
  • The third-largest ocean in the world located east
    of Africa
  • Extends east to Australia and south to Antarctica
  • A large crack runs the length of the ocean

Atlas Mts.
Sahara Desert
Sahel
Niger River
Congo River
Nile River
Ethiopian Highlands
Congo Basin
Lake Victoria
Mt. Kilimanjaro
Indian Ocean
Kalahari Desert
14
Great Rift Valley
  • A large fault system
  • Its height ranges from 1,300 feet below sea level
    to 6,000 feet above sea level

Atlas Mts.
Sahara Desert
Sahel
Niger River
Congo River
Nile River
Ethiopian Highlands
Congo Basin
Lake Victoria
Mt. Kilimanjaro
Great Rift Valley
Indian Ocean
Kalahari Desert
15
Serengeti Plain
  • At over 100 miles long, it contains some of the
    best grassland in Africa
  • The Serengeti National Park is a wildlife refuge
    located on the plain
  • Home to more than 500 species of animals

Atlas Mts.
Sahara Desert
Sahel
Niger River
Congo River
Nile River
Ethiopian Highlands
Congo Basin
Lake Victoria
Mt. Kilimanjaro
Great Rift Valley
Indian Ocean
Serengeti Plain
Kalahari Desert
16
Madagascar
  • Island located in the Indian Ocean
  • Fourth largest island in the world
  • Strong agriculture economy

Atlas Mts.
Sahara Desert
Sahel
Niger River
Congo River
Nile River
Ethiopian Highlands
Congo Basin
Lake Victoria
Mt. Kilimanjaro
Great Rift Valley
Indian Ocean
Serengeti Plain
Kalahari Desert
Madagascar
17
Atlantic Ocean
  • Second largest ocean in the world
  • Is shaped like a S from the Arctic to the
    Antarctic

Atlas Mts.
Sahara Desert
Sahel
Niger River
Congo River
Nile River
Ethiopian Highlands
Congo Basin
Lake Victoria
Mt. Kilimanjaro
Atlantic Ocean
Great Rift Valley
Indian Ocean
Serengeti Plain
Kalahari Desert
Madagascar
18
Mediterranean Sea
  • The worlds largest inland sea surrounded by
  • Europe
  • Africa
  • Asia
  • Has mountainous shores
  • Abundant fish, sponges and coral

Atlas Mts.
Mediterranean Sea
Sahara Desert
Sahel
Niger River
Congo River
Nile River
Ethiopian Highlands
Congo Basin
Lake Victoria
Mt. Kilimanjaro
Atlantic Ocean
Great Rift Valley
Indian Ocean
Serengeti Plain
Kalahari Desert
Madagascar
19
Red Sea
  • Long, narrow sea between Africa and the Arabian
    Peninsula
  • Surrounded by deserts
  • Water can reach 85F

Atlas Mts.
Mediterranean Sea
Sahara Desert
Red Sea
Sahel
Niger River
Congo River
Nile River
Ethiopian Highlands
Congo Basin
Lake Victoria
Mt. Kilimanjaro
Atlantic Ocean
Great Rift Valley
Indian Ocean
Serengeti Plain
Kalahari Desert
Madagascar
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