Politics, Immigration, and Urban Life - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Politics, Immigration, and Urban Life PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 5bff48-MGYzY



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Politics, Immigration, and Urban Life

Description:

Politics, Immigration, and Urban Life Politics in the Gilded Age Politics in the Gilded Age What is meant by the term Gilded Age? Politics in the Gilded Age What is ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:125
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 32
Provided by: UCHS9
Learn more at: http://www.sandi.net
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Politics, Immigration, and Urban Life


1
Politics, Immigration, and Urban Life
2
Politics in the Gilded Age
3
Politics in the Gilded Age
  • What is meant by the term Gilded Age?

4
Politics in the Gilded Age
  • What is meant by the term Gilded Age?
  • A term coined by the author, Mark Twain.

5
Politics in the Gilded Age
  • What is meant by the term Gilded Age?
  • gilded means covered with a thin layer of gold.

6
Politics in the Gilded Age
  • The term Gilded Age is meant to describe a period
    in our countrys history that
  • Economically, there was a thin layer
  • of prosperity, while at the same
  • time, there was much poverty and
  • corruption.

7
Politics in the Gilded Age
  • The Gilded Age is
  • The period of U.S. History which directly follows
  • Reconstruction (late 1800s to the early 1900s).

8
Politics in the Gilded Age
  • Economic Considerations

9
Politics in the Gilded Age
  • Laissez-faire - Roughly translates into free
    market.
  • In a truly free market economy, government is
    absent from the market.
  • Advocates of laissez-faire believe that the
    market regulates itself, and therefore government
    regulation or intervention is not necessary.

10
Politics in the Gilded Age
  • Advocates of laissez-faire tend to believe in the
    concept of Social Darwinism.
  • Under this philosophy,
  • The strongest and most capable businesses will
    survive and thrive.
  • and
  • Weaker businesses will fade and ultimately
    disappear.

11
Politics in the Gilded Age
12
Politics in the Gilded Age
  • Key Terms Events
  • import tariff - a tax placed on foreign goods.
  • It is sometimes called a protective tariff
    because its purpose is to protect American
    industry.
  • import, or protective tariffs place taxes on
    lesser expensive foreign made goods.

13
Politics in the Gilded Age
  • Key Terms Events
  • subsidy - a payment made by government to
    encourage the development and manufacture of
    certain products or industries.

14
Politics in the Gilded Age
  • Key Terms Events
  • subsidy - a payment made by government to
    encourage the development and manufacture of
    certain products or industries.
  • Unfortunately, during the gilded age, subsidies
    were sometimes abused by corrupt individuals.

15
Politics in the Gilded Age
  • Key Terms Events
  • Subsidy Case Study
  • Credit Mobilier

16
Politics in the Gilded Age
  • Key Terms Events
  • Subsidy Case Study
  • Credit Mobilier
  • Student Activity
  • read, answer questions discuss the case.

17
Politics in the Gilded Age
18
Politics in the Gilded Age
  • Key Terms Events
  • rebates - a practice used by the railroads which
    involved partial refunds to favored customers.

19
Politics in the Gilded Age
  • Key Terms Events
  • Supreme Court Case Study
  • Munn v. Illinois - 1877
  • Student Activity
  • read, discuss the case, answer questions.

20
Politics in the Gilded Age
21
Politics in the Gilded Age
  • Key Terms Events
  • The Spoils System - describes how elected
    officials appointed friends and supporters to
    government jobs, regardless of their
    qualifications.
  • As the result of spoils, government became
    packed full of unqualified, dishonest employees.

22
Politics in the Gilded Age
  • Key Terms Events
  • patronage - the activity of distributing or
    appointing government positions as a form of
    reward to those who have contributed to political
    campaigns, or helped politicians in one way or
    another.

23
Politics in the Gilded Age
  • Key Terms Events
  • civil service - describes the portion of
    government that is made up of non-elected
    workers.

24
Politics in the Gilded Age
  • Key Terms Events
  • civil service - describes the portion of
    government that is made up of non-elected
    workers.
  • During the gilded age, as the result
  • of patronage, there were many unqualified
    individuals working in
  • civil service jobs.

25
Politics in the Gilded Age
  • an interesting side note
  • After his election as president, in 1877,
    Rutherford B. Hayes refused to use the patronage
    system.
  • He began appointing qualified individuals to
    government positions.
  • By his actions, he took a first step towards the
    reform of the civil service system.

26
Politics in the Gilded Age
  • James Garfield was elected president in 1880.
  • He was assassinated in 1881 by a stalwart, an
    individual in favor of the continuation of the
    patronage system.
  • The assassination of Garfield thrust Chester A.
    Arthur into the presidency.

27
Politics in the Gilded Age
  • Although Arthur had previously benefited from
    patronage, once he became president, he pushed to
    put an end to this practice.
  • He asked Congress to come up with a plan to
    reform the patronage system.
  • The plan that Congress came up with was the
    Pendleton Civil Service Act.

28
Politics in the Gilded Age
  • Key Terms Events
  • Pendleton Civil Service Act - response to
    corruption and incompetence in civil service as
    the result of spoils and patronage.
  • It was established in 1883.

29
Politics in the Gilded Age
  • Key Terms Events
  • Key elements of the Pendleton Civil Service Act
  • A Civil Service Commission was created.
  • It Established job classifications.
  • A testing system for potential applicants.

30
Politics in the Gilded Age
  • Key Terms Events
  • Key elements of the Pendleton Civil Service Act
  • Federal employees would no longer be coerced into
    making campaign contributions.
  • Federal civil service workers would no longer be
    able to be fired for political reasons.

31
Politics in the Gilded Age The End
About PowerShow.com