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Solutions to Child Poverty: Our Initial Proposals

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Title: The Role of the State and the Grounds for Coercion Author: Brenda Bongiovanni Last modified by: beruste Created Date: 2/7/2002 4:38:19 AM Document presentation ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Solutions to Child Poverty: Our Initial Proposals


1
Solutions to Child Poverty Our Initial Proposals
  • Jonathan Boston and
  • Tracey McIntosh
  • Co-Chairs, Expert Advisory Group
  • 19 September 2012

2
Plan for the day
  • This workshop is designed to provide an
    opportunity for discussion and feedback regarding
    the EAGs Issues and Options Paper and related
    Working Papers and Background Papers. Members of
    the EAG secretariat will be taking notes.
  • Also, there is an opportunity to hear from
    Professor Peter Saunders, one of Australias
    leading researchers on issues surrounding poverty
    and income distribution, household needs and
    living standards, social policy issues, etc.
  • The first session will provide a quick overview
    of the EAGs initial proposals, with more
    in-depth discussion in later sessions.
  • During the afternoon, there will be two streams.
    You can choose which sessions you go to.
  • We look forward to hearing your feedback today
    and/or in writing by 12 October. We will take
    this fully into account in preparing our Final
    Report to the Childrens Commissioner.

3
Key questions for feedback
  • We are particularly interested to know your views
    on
  • Which proposals will be effective in reducing
    child poverty?
  • Which proposals are less likely to be effective?
  • What are the most important proposals to reduce
    child poverty? (i.e. what should the main
    priorities be?)
  • What needs to be done first and why?
  • What is missing from our proposed package of
    proposals?

4
The Challenge
  • Mandate to advise the Childrens Commissioner on
    how to reduce child poverty and mitigate its
    effects

5
Context
  1. NZ has unacceptable levels of child poverty
  2. Child poverty is costly and affects everyone
    about 6 billion per annum
  3. Child poverty can be reduced but there are no
    inexpensive silver bullets we need an
    evidence-informed, comprehensive, sustained
    effort
  4. There is a widespread recognition across the
    community that action is required

6
Proportion of children below selected thresholds
(AHC) fixed line (CV) and moving line (REL)
approaches compared (Perry 2012)
7
Deprivation Rates 3 enforced lacks, using 9
item EU index () - 2007
Children 0-17 Aged 65 Total Population
New Zealand 18 3 13
UK 15 5 10
Ireland 14 4 11
Germany 13 7 13
Sweden 7 3 6
Netherlands 6 3 6
Spain 9 11 11
Italy 18 14 14
Czech 20 17 20
8
The Nature of the Problem?
  1. Low family incomes, inadequate child assistance
    and poorly targeted resources
  2. Low take-up rates for many child-related benefits
  3. Relatively low employment amongst sole parents,
    coupled with a relatively high rate of sole
    parenting
  4. A poorly designed child support system
  5. Poor quality, unaffordable, overcrowded houses
  6. Inequitable access to many social services,
    including health
  7. Poorly integrated information and service
    delivery systems
  8. No plan, no authoritative child poverty measures,
    no targets

9
Important Messages
  • Poverty is your problem, it is everyones
    problem, not just those who are in poverty
  • Rebecca, Te Puru

10
Specific Proposals A Child Poverty Act
  • We need a plan
  • Measures, targets, reporting
  • Legally mandated
  • Our proposed targets are ambitious, but
    realistic
  • to reduce overall child poverty by at least
    30-40 within 10 years
  • to reduce those living in severe and/or
    persistent poverty by over 50 within 10 years

11
Specific Proposals Income and Employment
  • Short- term measures
  • Improve tax/welfare system
  • Rebalance Family Tax Credits to favour young
    children and larger families
  • Index all child-related benefits
  • Incentivise high take-up rates
  • Improve child support
  • Pass on a proportion of payments
  • Government underwrite of payments

12
Specific proposals Income and Employment
  • Longer-term policy framework
  • Focus on childrens developmental needs, tilt
    assistance to young children, and incentivize
    paid employment that is appropriate to age of
    child
  • Establish a Child Payment universal for the
    first 6 years, targeted thereafter
  • Undertake an independent review of all
    child-related benefits

13
Specific Proposals Housing
  • Improve the quality and quantity of housing
  • Prioritize housing in the National Infrastructure
    Plan
  • Establish a Warrant of Fitness for all rental
    accommodation
  • Extend subsidies for insulation and heating
  • Enhance the supply of social housing
  • Re-focus the Accommodation Supplement and
    Income-Related Rent subsidies
  • Enhance opportunities for home ownership

14
Specific Proposals Maori
  • Develop measures of Maori well-being and set
    targets to eliminate the disparities in rates of
    poverty for Maori children
  • Better outcomes in education, health, employment
    justice
  • Develop a strategy to prevent Maori homelessness
  • Better integrated health social services for
    Maori children, including parenting programmes
  • Support trusted workers and develop integrated
    service hubs

15
Specific Proposals Pasifika
  • Develop measures and indicators using Pasifika
    understandings of identity and success
  • Focus on making progress in Auckland especially
  • Overcrowding
  • Employment
  • Education
  • Health promotion
  • Justice
  • Ensure government services have effective links
    with Pasifika community and church groups
  • Encourage high-quality research to drive
    innovation responsiveness in public services
    for Pasifika children

16
Specific Proposals Health
  • Short-term
  • Support free primary health care for all children
    from 0-6 years especially after hours
  • Apply principle of proportionate universalism
  • Reduces stigma
  • Common assessment framework and pathway for all
    children from before birth to identify and
    respond to needs, shared by all health
    practitioners
  • Longer-term
  • Expand free primary health care progressively to
    all children (0-17)
  • Improve information systems via a unified
    enrolment system
  • Develop a national plan to improve child
    nutrition
  • Establish youth-friendly health and social
    services in all low-decile secondary schools

17
Specific Proposals Education
  • Continue to implement ECE work programme
  • Develop a national strategy for food in schools
  • Incentivize schools and ECE centres in
    disadvantaged areas to become full service
    schools or community hubs
  • Improve access to after-school care and holiday
    programmes
  • Expand the Teen Parent Units

18
Specific Proposals Other
  • Other specific proposals cover
  • Community local initiatives
  • Debt
  • Substance abuse
  • Gambling
  • Research needs

19
Next Steps
  • Consultation and feedback due 12 October
  • Undertake costings of main proposals, if possible
  • Revise proposals (October/November)
  • Release Final Report (mid December)

20
Principles
  • The following principles and considerations
    should guide policies
  • The rights enunciated in the UN Convention on the
    Rights of the Child
  • The best interests of the child, including the
    childs developmental needs
  • The provisions and principles of the Treaty of
    Waitangi
  • A social contract that recognizes
  • The mutual responsibilities of parents, the
    community and the wider society for the care and
    wellbeing of children
  • The requirement to provide social assistance to
    those unable to work or secure paid employment
    sufficient to meet the basic needs of children
  • The importance of parental employment in reducing
    child poverty, but in a context where the
    developmental needs of children are protected
    (e.g. through accessible, affordable,
    high-quality childcare, ECE, etc.)
  • The vital role of housing, high-quality
    education, and equitable access to health care
  • The desirability of a strong future focus, and
    hence an investment approach
  • The desirability of selecting policy measures
    that are simply, effective, efficient and fair
  • The need for fiscal responsibility
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