Ch 14 Sec. 2 Empire Building in Africa - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Ch 14 Sec. 2 Empire Building in Africa PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 5bfa78-ZDZkO



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Ch 14 Sec. 2 Empire Building in Africa

Description:

Ch 14 Sec. 2 Empire Building in Africa Africa Great Britain, France, Germany, Belgium, Italy, Spain, and Portugal will place virtually all of Africa under ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:147
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 27
Provided by: podcastsS
Learn more at: http://podcasts.shelbyed.k12.al.us
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Ch 14 Sec. 2 Empire Building in Africa


1
Ch 14 Sec. 2 Empire Building in
Africa
2
Africa
  • Great Britain, France, Germany, Belgium, Italy,
    Spain, and Portugal will place virtually all of
    Africa under European rule.
  • They begin setting up colonies and markets for
    goods.
  • (Rubber, gold, tin, oil, palm oil, lumber, coal)

3
(No Transcript)
4
West Africa
  • Europeans did not hesitate to deceive Africans in
    order to get their land and natural resources.
  • West Africa was particularly affected by the
    slave trade but by the 1890s slavery was
    abolished in all the major countries of the
    world.
  • In 1874 Great Britain annexed (incorporated a
    country within a state) the west coastal states
    as the 1st British colony of Gold Coast.

5
Advances help Europeans grab land in Africa
  • -Steamships can travel up rivers and to the
    interior of Africa
  • Discovery of quinine helps defeat malaria
  • Advances in weapons allow few Europeans to
    control an area
  • Telegraph and Railroads allows for better spread
    of information and goods

6
North Africa
  • Egypt used to be apart of the Ottoman Empire
  • Egypt gained their own independence
  • Their leader is Muhammad Ali- tries to modernize
    Egypt
  • With the help of the British and French they
    build the Suez canal (1869), The British then
    make moves to take over Egypt. They want the Suez
    canal to get closer to India.

7
(No Transcript)
8
(No Transcript)
9
North Africa
  • Great Britain bought Egypts share in the Suez
    Canal.
  • Britain suppressed an 1881 revolt against foreign
    influence, and Egypt became a British
    protectorate in 1915.

10
(No Transcript)
11
Cecil Rhodes
  • was a British-born South African businessman,
    mining magnate, and politician.
  • He was the founder of the diamond company De
    Beers, which today controls 60 of the world's
    diamonds and at one time controlled 90 of the
    world's diamonds.
  • "all of these stars... these vast worlds that
    remain out of reach. If I could, I would annex
    other planets".

12
(No Transcript)
13
Cecil Rhodes
  • Rhodes directed British Policy in South Africa in
    the 1880s.
  • He named the territory north of the Transvaal
    Rhodesia, after himself.

14
North Africa
  • The French take over Algeria, Morocco, and
    Tunisia
  • Italy gets kicked out of Ethiopia.Only European
    nation to successfully repeal European
    imperialism.

15
Central Africa
  • Central Africa was first traveled by David
    Livingstone. For 30 years he trekked through
    uncharted regions.
  • When Livingstone disappeared, A newspaper sent
    Henry Stanley to find him. Finds him at Lake
    Tanganyika.
  • Mr. Livingstone, I presume?

16
(No Transcript)
17
  • Livingstone was the first European to travel to
    the mouth of the Zambezi River and named
    Victoria Falls after the British Queen.
  • Livingstones primary goal was to find a
    navigable river that would open the center of
    Africa to European commerce.

18
Central Africa
  • King Leopold II was the real driving force behind
    the colonization of Central Africa.
  • In 1876 he hired Henry Stanley to set up Belgian
    settlements in the Congo.

19
East Africa
  • By 1875 Britain and Germany had become the chief
    rivals in East Africa.
  • Brutal to Africans
  • Germans move into most of Eastern Africa
  • Bismarck had downplayed the importance of
    colonies.
  • Bismarck became a convert to colonialism when
    more and more Germans called for a German Empire.

20
South Africans
  • European presence in South Africa grew rapidly.
  • First groups were the Boers (Means farmer in
    Dutch) or Afrikaners
  • Removed many indigenous (native to a region)
    peoples
  • Also the Boers battle the Zulus who were an
    indigenous people who had risen to prominence
    under their great ruler, Shaka.

21
South Africa
22
Boer War
  • Dutch and British fight each other over South
    Africa. (British Win)
  • Each side also fought the Zulus under the
    command of Shaka Zulu
  • Shaka was called the Napoleon of Africa

23
(No Transcript)
24
South Africa
  • In 1910 the British created the independent Union
    of South Africa, combining the Cape Colony and
    the Boer republics.
  • This was a self-governing nation within the
    British Empire
  • To appease the Boers, the policy was that only
    whites could vote.

25
Colonial Rule in Africa
  • 1914- Liberia (which had been created by freed
    USA slaves) and Ethiopia were African nations
    free of European domination.
  • Britain relied on existing political elites and
    institutions to govern its colonies (another
    example of indirect rule).
  • Most other European governments used direct rule
    in Africa.
  • The French ideal was to assimilate the African
    peoples. They did not want to preserve African
    traditions.

26
Review
  • 1) What does the word annex mean?
  • 2) Who was Cecil Rhodes?
  • 3) Who was David Livingstone?
About PowerShow.com