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Presentation of the proposed transport system in the new Kampala Physical Development Plan

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Title: Presentation of the proposed transport system in the new Kampala Physical Development Plan


1
Presentation of the proposed transport system
inthe new Kampala Physical Development Plan
  • Presentation to the Transport Sector Working
    Group
  • Kampala, 5/9/2012

2
Meeting Agenda
  • The Physical Development Framework
  • List of surveys conducted
  • Travel behavior in Kampala main findings
  • Updated travel demand model
  • Main problems
  • Implications of findings on Vision, goals and
    objectives
  • Proposed investments in
  • Traffic management
  • NMT
  • MRT
  • Road network
  • 6. Priorities in investment for short, mid and
    long term

3
Integrated Approach
  • Planning the management of the transport system
    and land use to best address the Access needs for
    people, goods and services
  • Integration- means considering planning choices
    as total package rather than considering them in
    isolation.

4
Vision
  • 1) National Vision (NDP) 2035 A transformed
    Ugandan Society from a peasant to a modern
    prosperous country within 30 years
  • 2) KCCA Vision A Vibrant, Attractive and
    Sustainable City.

5
Kampala Today
EXISTING SITUATION 3,150,000 inhabitants
WAKISO
MUKONO
11.5 km
18 km
Urban Sprawl Rural and Semi-urban KCCA
ENTEBBE
6
GKMA Population Forecast
2040 2022 2011 Scenario
15,000,000 6,000,000 3,150,000 Worst Case
8,000,000 4,500,000 Best Case Controlled Growth
RECOMENDED GOAL
7
  • GKMA Recommended Strategic Policy
  • A. To boost development of Existing Towns.
  • B. To plan establish New Satellite Towns.

8
GKMA Vision METROPOLIS of SATELLITES
WAKISO- NANSANA
MUKONO- GOMA-KIRA
 
KCCA
SSISA- NSANGI
NAKISUNGA-NTENJERU
ENTEBBE
Widening Existing Cores to become Satellite Towns
Developing New Satellites Towns
9
  • KCCA
  • Physical Development Plan
  • 7 Factors of KCCA Urban
    Form
  • Transportation System.
  • Subdivision.
  • Population Distribution
  • Landscape and Nature.
  • City Spatial Economy Services
  • City Center C.B.D.
  • Improving Residential Areas.

10
GKMA Population Long Term Capacity ( best case)
NANGABO
460,000
WAKISO- NABWERU
MUKONO- GOMA-KIRA
810,000
1,010,000
NAKISUNGA-NTENJERU
SSISA- NSANGI
1,040,000
770,000
CZ (KCCA)
ENTEBBE- KATABI
3,580,000
300,000
SSISA- KATABI
150,000
Long Term Capacity Zone
8,120,000 Total
11
Working assumptions population for 2022from
1.9 to 3.6 M in 10 years
12
GKMA Transportation
X
Automobile Oriented Development
Transit Oriented Development
CHOICE
MRT
New Roads System
13
List of surveys
  • Travel Habit Survey with GPS 2,000 HH
  • PT inventory 147 parks and 447 routes
  • O -D on PT - gt7,000 pax. Mainly during AM peak
    with daily and weekend
  • Taxi Departure frequencies in all bus parks for
    AM peak
  • Classified traffic counts - gt 40 locations,
    mainly AM but also daily and weekend
  • Corridor pax. Counts - gt40 locations, AM peak
    with daily and weekend
  • GPS travel time and route on all taxi routes
  • Road network attributes for all links in the
    TDM

14
Travel behavior
  • Low mobility average of 2.3 trip per
    person/day, but poor people do less trips/day
  • Most trips are by walking but poor people do
    more than 50 of their trips by walking
  • Poor people are forced to walk because they cant
    afford to use public transport or cars. They need
    to spend 22 of their available income on
    transport as oppose to 10 recommended by the WB
  • Poor people have low mobility and low
    accessibility to opportunities activities

15
Similar findings across SSA
16
Bodaboads Account for 42.4 of vehicles on the
road, but carry 8.5 of the passengers (2011)
17
PT costs
  • PT operation is not subsidized in Uganda, so taxi
    owner should cover OM costs and make revenue
    from cash-box revenue
  • On the average, number of daily paying
    pax/day-taxi of 14 seats is 100
  • In BRT systems, number of passengers per bus-day
    is 1,000-3,000, so single ticket fare can be
    reduced
  • The introduction of multi-trips ticket (monthly,
    daily) will reduce even more the cost for heavy
    users

18
Road safety and pedestrian in kampala
It is also very unsafe to be poor in Kampala
19
The updated TDM
  • Number of TAZ- 170
  • MODEL IS TOUR BASED RATHER THAN TRIP BASED
  • CURRENT MODEL IS MAINLY CALIBRATED FOR AUTO
    TRIPS BUT INCLUDES ALSO TAXI ROUTES, MATRIX AND
    COUNTS
  • MODEL ESTIMATE ALSO BODA-BODA AND WALKING

20
(No Transcript)
21
Main problems
22
Transportation System- Vision
  • An Integrated, Sustainable and Safe Transport
    System providing Accessibility to basic services
    to all residents in an Affordable manner.

23
Objectives - 1
  • At least 80 of the trips in KCCA region will be
    done with sustainable modes (walking, cycling,
    modern bus or rail system)
  • At least 50 of all trips in KCCA region should
    be non-motorized (walking, cycling)
  • At least 80 of all walking trips should be done
    on paved walkways that are physically separated
    from the motorized traffic
  • There should be at least 200 km of cycling lanes
    in KCCA, networked, separated and protected from
    the general traffic
  • Number of fatalities in road accidents should be
    reduced by at least 50 compared with 2011
    results
  • .

24
Objectives - 2
  • MRT (Mass Rapid Transit) system should be
    affordable and cost no more than 12 of the
    available household monthly income of low income
    people
  • At least 60 of KCCA residents in 2020 should be
    able to walk to the nearest mass rapid transport
    stop (i.e. BRT) less than 1 km and 90 should be
    able to walk less than 3 km
  • At least 80 of all employment and local service
    opportunities in KCCA region should be located no
    more than 2 km from a mass rapid stop
  • Each person in KCCA should be able to access
    basic service (elementary and secondary school,
    health service and basic shopping)by walking no
    more than 2 km

25
Objectives - 3
  • At least 50 of all motorized trips in KCCA
    region should be made on arterial roads that
    provide good mobility. These roads should have no
    parking along the road
  • Each new major land use development within KCCA
    should be evaluated using TIA - traffic impact
    assessment procedure, and if traffic situation is
    deteriorating, mitigation measures should be
    identified and financed by the developers
  • Level of air pollution and GHG emission caused by
    road transport will be reduced by 50 from its
    current level
  • Decisions regarding investments in transport
    infrastructure should be made based upon
    cost-benefit analysis, where benefits derived
    from up-to-date TDM

26
Proposed urban transport strategy for kampala
27
Short term activities - walkways
  • Identify all current major walking routes (i.e.
    routes with more than 1,000 pedestrian per hour
    per direction). Review the available walking
    infrastructure and prepare detailed design for
    the provision of adequate walkway infrastructure.
  • For each proposed BRT station, identify relevant
    walkways routes in a radius on 2 km from the
    station, and design and construct the walkways
  • For each local center, identify walkways in a
    radius of 2 km, design and construct the walkways
  • Adopt new geometric design standards for urban
    roads that include necessary width for separated
    and paved walkways along the street.
  • In any new or reconstructed urban road include
    proper walkway in the cross section.

28
Short term activities - cycling
  • Identify main potential cycling routes that will
    connect major residential locations to main and
    local activity centers. Prepare a master plan for
    cycling routes for KCCA for 2022 that will
    include at least 200 km
  • Adopt best international geometric design
    standards
  • in every new road introduce cycling lanes as a
    standard part of the overall cross section
  • Develop a comprehensive communication strategy
    and comprehensive cycling outreach program, to
    include all major employers in KCCA. Identify
    potential infrastructure needs (i.e. bicycle
    parking facilities and bicycle lanes leading to
    these locations) and prepare a plan to provide
    these facilities.
  • Select carefully a pilot project, construct the
    necessary lanes and parking facilities, and
    launch communication campaign to increase
    awareness and usage.
  • Conduct before-after surveys and draw
    conclusions from the pilot project

29
Short term activities traffic management
  • Relocation of the main taxi stage (Old park and
    new park) away from the centre and relocating of
    the smaller taxi stages off the main roads
  • Introducing new on-street parking regulations
    especially along the main roads.
  • Evacuating all commercial activities that
    encroach the roads' ROW
  • Redesign of traffic circles that reached capacity
    in city centre and replacing them with traffic
    signals
  • Introduce warrants fo signalization and introduce
    traffic control centre and many new signals
  • Maintain proper marking and signing
  • Restructuring taxi routes to reduce number of
    taxis along main roads

30
Short term activities institutional measures
  • Establish MATA that will include planning and
    modeling dept. as well as strong PT regulation
    and operation
  • Introduce TIA procedure using the updated TDM
  • Adopt CBA procedure to rvaluate and prioritize
    investments
  • Integrate land use and transport

31
Mid term activities integrated PT
  • Approve PT master plan and secure the necessary
    ROW. Master plan should explore bus and rail
    modes
  • Introduce integrated ticketing with new fare
    structure
  • Restructure taxi network to feed and support MRT
  • Develop professional capacity especially for
    regulating PT

32
Public Transport System
  • Mass Transit BRT system as the core of public
    transport service. Urban Light Rail service on
    corridors where it is viable
  • Urban bus transport network
  • . Feeder service- Role of Minibus
  • Walking and Cycling

33
Transportation System Metropolitan BRT System
Based mainly on existing corridors
34
KCCA BRT Schematic Structure (Specific Corridors
in future detailed design)
35
Planned BRT Corridors
36
BRT integration with other urban bus network
37
Mid and long term activities road network
  • We considered the following road network for GKMA

38
Mid-long term activities population and
assignment results for 2022-2040
Scenario GKMA Population Forecast (000 inhabitants) GKMA Population Forecast (000 inhabitants) GKMA Population Forecast (000 inhabitants)
Scenario 2011 2022 2040
Business As Usual 3,150 5,000 12,000
Worse case 3,150 6,000 15,000
Best case 3,150 4,800 10,000
Avg. speed, km/h Scenario (effect of MRT is NOT included yet)
22 Base 2012
4-5 1. Do minimum- base (Entebbe toll, urban freeway
7 2. Traffic management, only Entebbe toll way
8-10 3. Like 1 with inner ring (without or with bridge over the lake)
18 4. Like 3 plus second ring road
5 5. Full road network for 2040
39
Mid term activities urban freeway
  • We propose to use the current rail corridor to
    construct urban freeway, combined with option for
    double track rail operation. This is essential
    for both transport and urban purposes

40
Mid term activities urban freeway
41
International example - israel
42
International examples USA and greece
43
Base 2022
44
Minmum 2022
45
Medium 1 2022
46
Full 2022
47
  • END.
  • Thank You For Your Attention
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