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Sub-Sahara Africa

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Europe s Africa Independence Because of the borders drawn by the Europeans different African ethnic groups fight each other for control of their countries Most ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Sub-Sahara Africa


1
Sub-Sahara Africa
2
Europes Africa
  • The Europeans divided up the world into separate
    colonies during the 1885 Berlin Conference
  • This system is known as imperialism
  • The Europeans did not divide Africa along ethnic
    boundaries

3
Independence
  • Because of the borders drawn by the Europeans
    different African ethnic groups fight each other
    for control of their countries
  • Most African countries became independent in the
    1950s and 1960s

4
Main Cultures of Africa
  • The Sahara Desert separates the Arabs from the
    Bantu
  • Afrikaaners are descendants of Dutch, German and
    French settlers in Southern Africa

Arabian
BANTU
Afrikaan
5
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
  • 25 of the adult populations of Swaziland,
    Lesotho and Botswana have HIV or AIDS
  • 1.3 million people died in 2009 from AIDS in
    Sub-Saharan Africa
  • Without the medicines that are available in
    developed countries, large numbers of people in
    Africa will develop AIDS

6
Diamond Trade
  • Conflict diamonds are used by rebel movements to
    finance their military activities, including
    attempts to undermine or overthrow legitimate
    governments.
  • This is most common sources of conflict
    diamonds is from in Angola, Sierra Leone,
    Liberia, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo

7
Diamond Trade
  • Mine workers are forced to smuggle these
    diamonds, which makes them targets of governments
    and international police
  • These diamonds are not sold but traded for
    weapons and supplies, making tracking rebels
    difficult
  • This also makes tracking the diamonds difficult

8
Top Diamond Producing Countries
  • Botswana
  • Russia
  • South Africa
  • Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Angola

9
West African Slave Trade
  • African kingdoms traded slaves to major European
    powers
  • The Europeans offered modern weapons, rum, and
    manufactured items
  • Africans offered slaves they captured in war

10
West African Slave Trade
  • If there was a long time of peace, African kings
    would raid and enslave their own people to keep
    up with demand
  • Slaves were sent to Goree Island to be traded to
    the Europeans

Goree Island
11
SUDAN
  • Former British colony of Sudan was divided with
    an Arabic Muslim north and a Bantu Christian and
    Animistic south
  • This led to fighting between the two cultures

12
SUDAN
  • Following 2 civil wars and over 20 years of
    fighting Sudan split into 2 separate countries in
    2011
  • Sudan is part of Saharan Africa
  • South Sudan is Sub-Saharan Africa

13
SOUTH AFRICA
  • In 1652 the Dutch founded the colony Cape of Good
    Hope
  • European settlers expanded their control of the
    area pushing native Africans out of the south
    west corner of Africa

14
Afrikaaners
  • European settlers eventually saw themselves as
    Afrikaaners (dutch word for African)
  • Afrikaaners speak Africaans- which is a dialect
    of Dutch

15
SOUTH AFRICA
  • Once gold and diamonds were discovered the
    British fought 2 guerilla wars against well armed
    farmers called Boers
  • After British won power went from the Afrikaaners
    to the British-leaving non-whites without any say

16
APARTHIED
  • Forced separation of white and non-white people
    in South Africa from 1948-1994
  • Whites were better educated, got better lands,
    and received better social services
  • Whites make up about 25 of the South African
    population
  • Resulted in violence between whites and non-whites

17
Apartheid
18
SOUTH AFRICA
  • Apartheid ended in 1994
  • Nelson Mandela, who was imprisoned for
    protesting, became president of a united South
    Africa
  • This led to economic growth and development in
    South Africa

19
South Africa today
  • The same political party has been in power since
    the end of Apartheid in 1994
  • The ANC represents the non-white population and
    racial majority
  • Police brutality is supported by the government
    by using Apartheid-era laws to control protesters

20
South Africa Today
  • The government misrepresents unemployment saying
    it is at 25 when it is closer to 40 of the
    population that is without work
  • Most South Africans earn about 2 a day
  • The ANC still glorifies its struggle against
    apartheid which ended nearly 20 years ago

21
  • Corruption has led to the recent economic decline
    of South Africa despite the countrys plentiful
    mineral wealth
  • South Africa is sub Saharan Africas most
    developed country
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