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Literary Devices

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Title: Literary Devices and Elements of the Short Story Author: Avni Mistry Last modified by: Hendren, Julie Created Date: 9/7/2011 10:45:32 PM Document presentation ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Literary Devices


1
Literary Devices
  • ENG2P

2
List of Literary Devices
  • Alliteration
  • Allusion
  • Foil
  • Foreshadowing
  • Hyperbole
  • Imagery
  • Irony
  • Metaphor
  • Onomatopoeia
  • Oxymoron
  • Paradox
  • Personification
  • Pun
  • Repetition
  • Simile
  • Symbolism

3
Alliteration
  • The repetition of the initial consonant
  • sound in a series of words. It adds rhythm or
    emphasizes emotion.
  • Example The ravenous reptile ate the weary rat
    hungrily on the rock.

4
Allusion
  • A reference to a famous person, place, thing,
    pop-culture icon, or another work of literature.
  • Ex Mrs. Rodrigues has Einsteins brain.

5
Foil
  • Any person/character that through strong contrast
    enhances the characteristics of another person or
    character.
  • Ex. In Romeo Juliet Mercutio is a foil to Romeo
    because his witty, light-hearted language
    contrasts against Romeos gloomy lovesickness.

6
Foreshadowing
  • Subsequent actions or events that are suggested
    a hint of what is to come.
  • The hint, however, should not be too obvious to
    the reader because it will
  • give the plot away and affect the suspense of the
    narrative.
  • Ex Romeos bad feeling before going to the
    Capulets party

7
Hyperbole
  • The obvious exaggeration of facts to show the
    intensity of feeling.
  • Example My heart is broken

8
Imagery
  • Language that creates pictures in a readers mind
    to bring life to the
  • experiences and feelings described in a poem or a
    story.

9
Irony
  • The use of an idea, word, or phrase to elicit the
  • opposite of its usual meaning.
  • ? Dramatic Irony occurs when the audience knows
    something that the character does not.
  • ? Situational Irony takes place when the
    circumstances turn out differently from what the
    reader expects or anticipates.
  • Ex. Romeo Juliet The audience know that Juliet
    is not dead, she has
  • taken a potion. However, Romeo thinks that she is
    dead.

10
Metaphor
  • A direct comparison between two unlike things. In
    addition to painting vivid
  • pictures for the reader, metaphors help to make
    abstract ideas more
  • concrete, add emotion, and show the writers
    feelings.
  • Ex. The basketball player was an overpowering
    mountain. Nobody was able to score a basket over
    him.

11
Onomatopoeia
  • The sound of a word resembles its meaning. Hiss,
    thud, crash, hush, and
  • twitter are examples of onomatopoeic words.

12
Oxymoron
  • A figure of speech in which contradictory words
    or connotations are placed
  • together for effect.
  • Example jumbo shrimp is an oxymoronic phrase.

13
Paradox
  • An apparent contradiction or illogical statement
    but on closer examination,
  • contains some truth.
  • Example War is peace (George Orwell)

14
Personification
  • Human qualities are attributed to inanimate
    objects.
  • Example The wind whispered through the pine
    trees.

15
Pun
  • A play on words based on the similarity of sound
    between two
  • words with different meanings.
  • Example Opening a new funeral parlor can be
    quite an
  • undertaking.

16
Repetition
  • The repeating of words or phrases for emphasis.
  • Example My English class is very, very, very fun!

17
Simile
  • A comparison between two unlike things using
    like or as.
  • Example The fall leaves looked like monarch
    butterflies dancing
  • on the ground.

18
Symbolism
  • The use of definite objects to stand for complex
    ideas.
  • Ex. Water may symbolize tranquility
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