Unequal Distribution of Water in Sub Sahara Africa - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Unequal Distribution of Water in Sub Sahara Africa

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Title: Unequal Distribution of Water in Sub Sahara Africa Author: Owner Last modified by: Edward Hunker Created Date: 12/7/2008 1:03:27 AM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Unequal Distribution of Water in Sub Sahara Africa


1
Unequal Distribution of Water in Sub Sahara Africa
  • Should access to clean water be a right to all
    people?

2
Water is Life Facts
  • More than a billion people lack access to safe
    drinking water
  • More than 2.5 billion lack access to improved
    sanitation
  • Each year polluted water contributes to the
    deaths of an estimated 15 million children under
    the age of five
  • By 2020, more than 135 million people could die
    of water related diseases, which is more than
    those who will die as a result of HIV-AIDS
  • What do these facts mean to you?

3
Africa water facts
  • Only 47 of sub-Saharan Africans have access to
    safe drinking water
  • Industry is not the primary cause of water
    pollution in Africa
  • Natural causes such as snails, worms, insect
    larvae, and other parasites are the main cause
  • These organisms cause waterborne diseases that
    reduce life expectancy, lessen the quality of
    life, and slow economic development

4
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5
Water Pollution and Poverty
  • Water pollution and absence of sanitation.
  • a major reason is the poverty level in many
    countries in Africa
  • Meaning the economy in these countries is usually
    very low
  • In addition to the economy, health issues are a
    major concern
  • On average 225 out of 1,000 children under the
    age of five die every year as a result of unclean
    drinking water
  • Why do you think they do not have clean drinking
    water?

6
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7
Unequal Distribution of water
  • The main conflicts in Africa during the next 25
    years could be over water
  • Potential water wars are likely in areas where
    rivers and lakes are shared by more than one
    country
  • Rivers such as the Nile and Niger are possible
    sites for conflict

8
Potential Water War
  • The Niger River is close to Lake Chad
  • 20 million people in six countries in west and
    central Africa rely on Lake Chad for water. The
    lake has shrunk by 95 in the last 38 years
  • These areas are listed as having water scarcity
    or water stress
  • Water scarcity is defined as less than 1,000
    cubic meters of water available per person per
    year
  • Water stress means less than 1,500 cubic meters
    of water available per person per year

9
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10
Is there anything that can be done?
  • South Africa is the only country that has
    included in its constitution the right that every
    person has access to 25 liters of water per day
    as part of their human rights
  • They have also installed street taps in strategic
    locations allowing millions of people a way to
    get fresh water
  • What about other countries?

11
Water Bill for the Poor Act
  • In 2005, the President of the U.S. signed the
    water bill for the poor
  • The bill authorizes the president to provide aid
    to promote affordable and equitable access to
    water around the world
  • So should the U.S. continue to spend money on
    other countries to help them have access to clean
    drinking water?
  • Should access to clean drinking water be a human
    right? Why/why not?
  • What does clean water really cost?

12
Your Assignment
  • Take out a sheet of paper and fold it in half
  • On one side label it Pro
  • On the other side label it Con
  • List at least three reasons why you think the
    U.S. should continue to give financial aid to
    countries who need clean drinking water on the
    pro side
  • List at least three reasons why you think the
    U.S. should not continue to give financially on
    the Con side
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