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South Africa


South Africa & Apartheid Cultures Clash The Dutch were the first Europeans to settle in South Africa. They set up a trade station near the Cape of Good Hope. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: South Africa

South Africa Apartheid
Cultures Clash
  • The Dutch were the first Europeans to settle in
    South Africa.
  • They set up a trade station near the Cape of Good
  • The Europeans who settled in South Africa called
    themselves Afrikaners.
  • Eventually, the British took control of most of
    South Africa.

Cultures Clash
  • The British and the Afrikaners (also known as the
    Boers) fought each other for control of South
  • The British also fought with the Zulu tribe.
  • The British eventually defeated the Afrikaners
    and Zulus and declared South Africa an
    independent country in 1910.

The Birth of Apartheid
  • They created a system called APARTHEID, which was
    designed to separate South African society into
    groups based on race whites, blacks, Coloureds,
    and Asians.
  • The white-controlled government of South Africa
    created laws to keep land and wealth in the hands
    of whites.

Apartheid Takes Hold
The Impact of Apartheid
  • It forced blacks to move to poor rural areas
    called HOMELANDS.
  • Blacks could not vote.
  • Blacks were kept in low-paying jobs.
  • Blacks were put in poor schools.
  • Blacks had to carry identification.
  • Separate schools, restaurants, and hospitals were
    created for whites and blacks.

The Impact of Apartheid
The Impact of Apartheid
Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act, Act No 55 of
1949 prohibited marriages between white people
and people of other races.
Population Registration Act, Act No 30 of
1950 led to the creation of a national register
in which every person's race was recorded.
Group Areas Act, Act No 41 of 1950 forced
physical separation between races by creating
different residential areas for different races
Extension of University Education Act, Act 45 of
1959 put an end to black students attending white
The Struggle to Defeat Apartheid
  • After many years of protests from black South
    Africans and pressure from foreign countries,
    APARTHEID was finally ended by President F.W. de
  • In 1994, Nelson Mandela, who had spent 28 years
    in prison for fighting APARTHEID, was elected
    president of South Africa during the countrys
    first multiracial election.

The Challenge of Building a New Nation
  • Although some whites supported the ending of
    legal DISCRIMINATION in South Africa, many whites
    resisted the change.
  • Nelson Mandela and the new leaders of South
    Africa have worked hard to create a new South
    Africa based on equality and peace.

The End of Apartheid
Issues Facing South Africa Today
  • Although South Africa has a stable government and
    one of the strongest economies in Africa, it
    still faces many issues
  • economic inequality (whites still control most of
  • fear of change