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Municipal solid waste management in EEA member countries- A review of achievements

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Municipal solid waste management in EEA member countries-A review of achievements Christian Fischer Chief Consultant ENPI-East workshop 4th November 2013 – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Municipal solid waste management in EEA member countries- A review of achievements


1
Municipal solid waste management in EEA member
countries- A review of achievements
  • Christian Fischer
  • Chief Consultant
  • ENPI-East workshop 4th November 2013

2
32 country papers

available at http//www.eea.europa.eu/publication
s/managing-municipal-solid-waste
3
Contents
  • Background for the review
  • The focus of the review
  • The most important results
  • Distance to target of 50 recycling by 2020
  • GHG emission benefits of better MSW management
  • Lessons learnt

4
Background for the review
  • June 2011 EU Commissioner addressed the EEA
  • Need better knowledge on the implementation of
    environment policies - waste
  • January 2012 agreement between EEA and the EU
    Commissions DG Environment for 2012-2014
  • An ex-post analysis of MSW in each EEA country
  • Develop a European reference model on MSW

5
The focus in the ex-post analysis
  • Historical performance
  • Based on a set of 9 indicators (2001-2010)
  • Uncertainties that might explain differences
  • Country specific initiatives taken to improve MSW
    management
  • Assess the future possible trends
  • Achieving future EU targets on MSW by 2020
  • Diversion of biodegradable MSW away from
    landfills
  • 50 recycling target for household waste/MSW by
    2020

6
Use of MSW data in the ex-post review
  • The term 'municipal' is used in different ways in
    the different countries reflecting different
    waste management practices
  • Absolute amounts are seldom comparable
  • Percentages can better be compared
  • Trends can normally be compared
  • Percentage indicators are mainly used

7
Development of municipal waste management in 32
European countries
EU-27 Croatia Iceland Norway Switzerland Turkey
8
Are we moving up the waste hierarchy? Number of
countries at different levels of the municipal
waste management hierarchy
9
Municipal waste landfilling rates
10
Material recycling rates 2001-2010
11
Bio-waste recycling rates 2001-2010
12
Yearly average percentage point increase in total
recycling of MSW, 2001-2005 and 2006-2010
13
Regional variations in municipal waste recycling
rates
14
Distance to the EU target of 50 recycling
target for MSW by 2020
15
GHG emissions from municipal waste management in
the EU, Switzerland and Norway
16
Conclusions on what have we used the reported MSW
data for
  • Monitoring the development
  • Documenting achieved targets
  • Identifying front runners and the policy tools
    applied by these countries
  • Showing that countries with a low starting level
    of MSW management can in fact achieve good
    progress within a few years
  • Distance to new targets

17
Lessons learnt
  • Clear indications of a shift away from
    landfilling towards preferred waste management
    approaches.
  • Nevertheless, the majority of countries still
    landfilled more than half of their municipal
    waste in 2010.
  • Substantial increases in the proportion of
    municipal waste recycled.
  • Primarily due to trends in recycling of materials
  • Bio waste recycling performing less well
  • Substantial variation between different regions
    within the countries
  • Regional local policies have a significant
    influence on MSW recycling rates

18
Lessons learnt
  • Majority of countries are making good progress on
    diverting Biological MSW from landfill
  • Majority of countries will need to make an
    extraordinary effort in order to achieve the
    target of 50 recycling by 2020
  • EU legislation of the last two decades has
    certainly provided the driving force for better
    waste management

19
Lessons learnt MSW management and selected
policy instruments
  • We have looked for 8 pre-defined policy
    instruments
  • Two or more national waste management plans
    2001-2010
  • Only regional waste management plans
  • Landfill tax increased more than 50 from 2001
    to 2010
  • Incineration tax
  • Landfill ban on organic waste or non-pretreated
    MSW
  • Mandatory separate collection in addition to
    packaging waste, e.g. paper
  • Mandatory separate collection of organic MSW
    fractions
  • Economic incentives for households for recycling
    of MSW

20
Lessons learnt Relation between selected
instruments and recycling rates
  • Countries using many of the instruments
  • have a higher MSW recycling rate than countries
    using only very few or no instruments
  • 16 countries with highest MSW recycling rates
  • 12 have used between 4-7 of the selected
    instruments,
  • 10 countries with lowest MSW recycling rates
  • have all only used between 0-2 of the selected
    instruments.

21
ETC/SCPs assistance to the EEA on the ENPI-SEIS
project
  • Based on data experiences in ETC/SCPs work with
    the EEA countries and West Balkan countries
  • Provide expert input in discussing/analysing the
    development, use and reporting of waste-related
    data,
  • Assess available waste data (particularly
    municipal solid waste) for the development of
    regional environmental indicators,

22
Thank you for your attention For more information
please visit our website http//scp.eionet.europa
.eu/
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