Olmec - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Olmec

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Title: Slide 1 Last modified by: administrator Created Date: 8/6/2010 1:33:59 AM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) Company: Allen ISD – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Olmec


1
Olmec
2
Loose group of decentralized villages, from the
coast, to the highlands, in the river valleys,
and along the shores of swampy lakes
P
3
Top chieftainships commanded villages scattered
over larger areas the larger the domain, the
greater the ability to ship the produce of
workshops and fields to the chiefs centers or
priests capitals.
P
4
Subsistence farmers who cultivated most of the
foodstuffs needed by their villages, such as
maize, beans, squash, and cacao, while shipping
lightweight products such as ceramics and
precious goods (jade, obsidian, or quetzal
feathers) to other villages
E
5
Villages traded with each other as part of local
trade
E
6
Religious statues and icons blended human and
animal subjects (snakes, jaguars, and crocodiles)
R/A
7
Precious goods (jade, obsidian, or quetzal
feathers) used to create masks and ritual
figurines for religious purposes
R/A
8
Worshipped the same gods and had devotional
activities for the gods in all centers/cities
R
9
Shamans humans who were believed to have
special power to commune with the supernatural
and the ability to transform themselves wholly or
partly into beasts, such as the were-jaguar (
a being that was part man, part animal)
R
10
Major cities athletic hubs with intricate ball
courts for entertainment and devotion to the gods
R/N
11
Practiced human sacrifice, perhaps even with
children
R
12
Priestly class, raised and trained in the palaces
of the major cities, directed the exchanges of
sacred rituals objects between farming
communities.
S
13
Large peasant or farmer population
S
14
Developed in total isolation of other early
civilizations and could not benefit from cultural
diffusion and technology
I
15
Increasing evidence that the Olmec practiced
warfare to supply rulers with humans whose death
and torture meant to ensure that the soil would
b e fertile and the rains would continue
I
16
Lacked a writing system
A
17
Colossal heads, some of which are 9 feet high and
weigh up to 20 tons
A
18
Produced massive, pyramid-shaped religious
monuments
A
19
Specialized buildings that featured massive
earthen mounds, platforms, palaces, and capacious
plazas as examples of urban planning
A
20
  • Central America between the highland plateaus of
    Central Mexico and the Gulf Coast around
    modern-day Veracruz

N
21
Primary cities (smaller in scale in comparison to
other civilizations) were San Lorenzo, La Venta,
and Tres Zapotes and banded groups of Olmecs
together
N
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