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Egyptian Achievements

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Egyptian Achievements Papyrus Rosetta Stone Obelisk and Sphinx Hieroglyphics Hieroglyphics The Egyptian writing system was called hieroglyphics and was one of the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Egyptian Achievements


1
Egyptian Achievements
Papyrus
Rosetta Stone
Obelisk and Sphinx
Hieroglyphics
2
Hieroglyphics
Hieroglyphics used more than 600 symbols.
Each symbol represented one or more
sounds.
  • The Egyptian writing system was called
    hieroglyphics and was one of the worlds first
    writing systems.
  • Early hieroglyphics were written/carved on stone.
  • Later, Egyptians invented papyrus, a
    long-lasting, paper-like material made from
    reeds.
  • Instead of pens, scribes used brushes and ink.

Hieroglyphics could be written horizontally
or vertically.
They could be written from left to right or
right to left.
3
The Rosetta Stone
The stone discusses laws and how to construct a
temple.
Greek
  • In 1799, slab of stone inscribed with
    hieroglyphics was discovered.
  • On the stone, a passage was written in three
    different texts Hieroglyphics, Greek, and a
    later form of Egyptian.
  • Scholars then compared the Greek text to the
    hieroglyphics to decode what the text read.

Demotic
Hieroglyphics
The stone weighs 1,676 pounds.
4
Egypts Great Temples
The sphinxes were seen as guardian statues.
Ancient obelisks were made of a single piece of
stone.
  • Temples were the homes of the gods.
  • People visited temples to worship, offer the gods
    gifts, and ask for favors.
  • Many temples had rows of sphinxes lining the path
    leading to the entrance of the temple.
  • Also, on either side of the gate stood obelisks,
    a tall, four-sided pillar that is pointed at the
    top.

Criosphinx - body of lion with head of ram.
5
King Tutankhamen
My father tried to make Egypt a
monotheistic society by believing in only one
god, Aton.
  • King Tut was a boy king who ruled Egypt from age
    9 through 19.
  • King Tuts tomb, found in 1922, was one of the
    last Egyptian tombs to be discovered.
  • His tomb was filled with treasures, jewelry,
    robes, a burial mask, and ivory statues.

Canes were found in Tuts tomb.
King Tut did very little for Egypt but is very
well known for his lavish tomb discovered in the
Valley of the Kings
Based on what you know, whats that tell us?
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