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Middle and Southern Colonies Develop

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Title: Middle and Southern Colonies Develop Author: e200002166 Last modified by: e200002166 Created Date: 3/28/2012 4:51:29 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Middle and Southern Colonies Develop


1
Middle and Southern Colonies Develop
  • Success Breeds More Development

2
Middle Colonies
3
Dutch Colony- New Netherland- 1621
  • Dutch West India Company
  • Worlds largest company and controlled
    international trade
  • Based North American Colony around the Hudson
    River
  • Diverse colony
  • New Amsterdam Capital- founded 1625 now New
    York City
  • Settlers from other European countries Africa
    were welcomed to join
  • Dutch more interested in trading with Natives
    than conquering them

4
English takeover it becomes New York
  • Dutch colonies split Northern Southern colonies
  • Northern were modern day New York and Connecticut
  • Southern were modern day Pennsylvania, New Jersey
    and Deleware
  • James the Duke of York comes to take over
    forces the Dutch out.
  • Peter Stuyvesant was the Dutch governor who
    surrendered New Amsterdam.
  • 1664 Duke of York is proprietor of New Netherland
    renames it New York
  • Later he gives part of his land to his friends
    becomes NEW JERSEY

5
Quakers in Pennsylvania
  • 1681 William Penn founds on Quaker Principles
  • Equality, Cooperation, Religious Toleration
    Pacifism
  • Holy Experiment
  • Adult males receive 50 acres of land the right
    to vote
  • Representative Assembly
  • Freedom of Religion
  • City of Brotherly Love Philadelphia
  • Penn treats Natives fairly over 50 years no
    conflict
  • Penn recruits immigrants Germans, Dutch, French
  • Need settlers to be profitable
  • Quakers become the minority slavery is
    introduced

6
The Other Southern Colonies
  • The Carolinas and Georgia

7
The Carolinas
  • They were created to reward the rich friends of
    the King.
  • Originally know as the Province of the Carolinas
  • Later split into North and South
  • North Carolina grew tobacco
  • South Carolina grew rice and indigo

8
Georgia
  • Georgia was created as a buffer colony between
    the British Carolinas and the Spanish settlements
    in Florida
  • James Oglethorpe founded it in hopes that the
    colony would be a place for debtors.
  • A way to pay off debts and ease populations of
    overcrowded prisons
  • Georgia also grew Rice and Indigo
  • Originally sought to grow silk worm farms
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