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SPACE EXPLORATION

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SPACE EXPLORATION COS 8 Identify technological advances and other benefits of space exploration. Listing highlights of space exploration, including satellites, manned ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: SPACE EXPLORATION


1
SPACE EXPLORATION
  • COS 8
  • Identify technological advances and other
    benefits of space exploration.
  • Listing highlights of space exploration,
    including satellites, manned moon missions, the
    unmanned Mars mission, and an inhabited space
    station
  • Identifying Alabamas contribution to the space
    industry

2
What is NASA, and What does it do?
3
  • NASA's mission is to pioneer the future in space
    exploration, scientific discovery, and
    aeronautics research.

4
  • President Dwight D. Eisenhower established the
    National Aeronautics Space Administration in
    1958.

5
  • President John F. Kennedy focused NASA and the
    nation on sending astronauts to the moon by the
    end of the 1960s.

6
  • The worlds first weather satellite, a
    polar-orbiting satellite, was launched from Cape
    Canaveral, Fla. on April 1, 1960. Named "TIROS"
    for Television Infrared Observation Satellite, it
    demonstrated the advantage of mapping the Earths
    cloud cover from satellite altitudes.

http//www.gsfc.nasa.gov/topstory/20000330tiros_an
niversary.html
7
  • On July 20, 1969, Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin
    became the first of 12 men to walk on the moon.

http//spaceplace.nasa.gov/en/educators/images/moo
n/AldrinFlag.jpg
8
http//www.nasa.gov/centers/kennedy/shuttleoperati
ons/orbiters/orbiterscol.html
  • After Apollo, NASA focused on developing
    America's ready access to space the space
    shuttle. First launched in 1981, the Space
    Shuttle has had 112 successful flights, though
    two crews have been lost.

9
  • In 1997, Mars Pathfinder became the first in a
    fleet of spacecraft that will explore Mars in the
    next decade, as we try to determine if life ever
    existed there.

http//mars.jpl.nasa.gov/missions/images/br_pathfi
nder.jpg
10
  • April 1, 2000, marks the anniversary of the
    launch of the worlds first weather satellite.

http//www.gsfc.nasa.gov/topstory/20000330tiros_an
niversary.html
The images above show the stark contrast between
the first image beamed down from TIROS-1 on April
1, 1960 and the full-color full-Earth images that
GOES-8 produces every three hours. 
11
http//www.nasa.gov/missions/solarsystem/explore_m
ain_old.html
  • NASA's new spaceship is the key to making the
    Vision for Space Exploration a reality. The
    Vision, announced by President Bush in January
    2004, will extend humanity's presence across the
    solar system, starting with a return to the moon
    by the end of the next decade, followed by
    journeys to Mars and beyond.

12
On May 5, 1994, President Bill Clinton decided to
merge America's military and civil polar-orbiting
operational meteorological satellite systems into
a single, national system that could satisfy both
civil and national security requirements for
space-based environmental data. This system will
be called the National Polar-orbiting Operational
Environmental Satellite System (NPOESS).

13
  • The first converged satellite is expected to be
    available for launch in the latter half of the
    decade, approximately 2008.

Artists concept of NPOESS satellite
http//www.ipo.noaa.gov/
14
http//www.hoax-slayer.com/images/mars.jpg
Mars is extremely far away. Missions to Mars
must be launched in two year increments when Mars
is the closest to the Earth. It usually takes
from 6-12 months to travel to Mars. There are two
main ways of getting to Mars.
15
http//library.thinkquest.org/11967/images/quickes
t.gif
  • The first is to go directly, leaving Earth when
    the planets are closest to each other. The only
    problem with this approach is that it requires a
    huge amount of energy and money.

16
http//library.thinkquest.org/11967/images/minener
gy.gif
  • The second way results in a low cost mission
    that would use the least amount of energy, yet it
    would take a much longer time. For this mission,
    the crew would leave Earth and travel to Mars in
    the same manner as the quickest trip to Mars, but
    the crew would then stay on the surface for more
    than an Earth year which could be dangerous.

17

http//www.esa.int/esaHS/ESAH7O0VMOC_iss_0.html
Our permanently inhabited Space Station in low
Earth orbit is a cooperative program between
Europe, the United States, Russia, Canada, and
Japan.
18
http//www.uah.edu/ASGC/
  • The Alabama Space Grant Consortium includes
    seven universities, all with space - related
    research activities. NASA's Marshall Space Flight
    Center is also a member of the consortium. The
    consortium is housed in Huntsville, home to
    NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center, making
    available NASA's technology to all Alabama
    institutions of higher education.

19
http//www.naida.com/site_pages/is_aerospace_defen
se.cfm
More than 200 Aerospace and Defense companies are
located in North Alabama. The Alabama Aerospace
Industry Association links aerospace companies
together across the state to collaborate and
solve common problems.
20
  • Marshall Space Flight Center serves as NASAs
    center for propulsion research including
    developing a new space launch vehicle for planned
    trips to the Moon and eventually Mars.

http//www.nasa.gov/centers/marshall/images/conten
t/100231main_a7-25-005_m.jpg
21
http//apod.gsfc.nasa.gov/apod/ap010525.html
  • NASAs Marshall Space Flight Center is located
    on Redstone Arsenal and is the birthplace of the
    nations space program and the Saturn V Rocket.

22
http//www.nasa.gov/centers/marshall/images/conten
t/100224main_9302295.jpg
  • Engineers and scientists at the Marshall Space
    Flight Center use state-of-the-art equipment and
    facilities to accomplish our goal of leading the
    world in space transportation and microgravity
    research.

23
  • A pool of talented, highly educated, dedicated
    employees is at the heart of the Marshall Space
    Flight Center and is what makes it a world-class
    institution.

http//www.nasa.gov/centers/marshall/images/conten
t/100225main_9302295_m.jpg
24
http//www.nasa.gov/centers/marshall/images/conten
t/100228main_9305956_m.jpg
  • Here, an optics technician at the Marshall
    Center is framed by apparatus for testing a
    prototype nickel-plated mirror fabricated at
    Marshall and intended for studying emissions of
    x-ray energy from distant astronomical objects.
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