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The Beginning of the Cold War

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Title: The Beginning of the Cold War Author: Tim Stanley Last modified by: Paulding Created Date: 4/2/2002 6:30:04 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Beginning of the Cold War


1
The Beginning of the Cold War
2
TAKE FIVE
  • What does a cold War refer to ?

3
Soviet-American Tensions
  • Capitalism vs Communism
  • The Yalta Conference
  • The United Nations
  • Occupation of Poland
  • Lublin Poles vs. London Poles
  • Occupation of Germany
  • Atomic bomb

4
The Big Three
5
Containment
  • Chinas fall to communism
  • Chiang vs. Mao Zedong
  • Revival of Japan
  • Truman Doctrine
  • Marshall Plan
  • Sec. of State George C. Marshall
  • Economic Cooperation Administration

6
President Truman
7
Containment (cont)
  • Preparedness
  • Selective Service System
  • Atomic Energy Commission
  • National Security Act
  • Department of Defense
  • National Security Council
  • CIA

8
Division of Germany
  • Federal Republic
  • Democratic Republic
  • Berlin Blockade
  • NATO
  • Warsaw Pact

9
Take Five
  • What does the Berlin Blockade refer to?

10
APUSH Take FiveWhat is it?
  • To maintain international peace and security to
    develop friendly relations among nations to
    resolve international conflict and promote human
    rights and to formulate policies on matters
    affecting all of us.
  • Europes requirements are so much greater than
    her present ability to pay that she must have
    substantial additional help or face economic,
    social and political deterioration of a very
    grave character.
  • Regional defense alliance (could be 2 answers)
  • It must be the policy of the US support free
    peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation
    by armed minorities or by outside pressures.
  • If these 2 states should fall, Communism would
    likely spread south to Iran and as far east as
    India.Undersecretary of State Dean Acheson

11
U.S. Economy
  • Servicemens Readjustment Act
  • Labor unrest
  • Strikes
  • Displaced workers
  • Trumans Fair Deal
  • Social Security benefits
  • Fair Employment Practices Act
  • Conservatism
  • Taft-Hartley Act

12
The Election of 1948
  • Democrats divided
  • Dixiecrat Party
  • Strom Thurmond
  • Americans for Democratic Action
  • Thomas Dewey-Republican
  • Good for nothing Congress

13
Trumans Fair Deal Revised
  • Minimum wage
  • Social Security
  • National Housing Act
  • Civil rights legislation
  • Fair Employment Practices Committee
  • Discrimination and Segregation

14
The Korean War
  • 38th Parallel
  • Communist north
  • Pro-western south
  • A Civil War
  • U.S. defense perimeter
  • UN Assistance
  • General Douglas MacArthur
  • Chinese involvement
  • The Martin Letter
  • Truman fires MacArthur
  • Korean war results
  • DMZ

15
General Douglas MacArthur
16
The U.S. During the Korean War
  • Economy
  • Office of Defense Mobilization
  • Anxiety grows regarding communism
  • The Forgotten War

17
Subversion in America
  • House Un-American Activities Commission
  • The evils of Hollywood
  • The Hollywood Ten
  • blacklist
  • Federal Loyalty Program
  • Hoover Files
  • McCarran Internal Security Act
  • The Rosenberg Case
  • McCarthyism
  • Joseph McCarthy

18
Senator Joe McCarthy
19
The Rosenbergs
20
Election of 1952
  • Adlai Stevenson
  • Dwight Eisenhower
  • Richard M. Nixon
  • Republican Victory

21
We Like Ike
22
Dwight Eisenhower
23
USA Test Prep
  • SAZASORUYU (WWII test 5 questions)
  • XOSUFEHABE (Cold War 1950's test questions, 5
    questions)  Questions 1, 4, 7, 8 9 do not
    count.

24
The Good Ole 50s

25
50s Hair-The Ducktail or The Flip

26
50s Fashion

27
Dont forget the men

28
50s Fads
  • 3D Glasses at the Movies
  • Coonskin Caps
  • Hula Hoops
  • Pink-everything-even cars!
  • Poodles (pink of course!)
  • Telephone booth cramming!
  • (U.S. record 22 at St. Marys college in CA)

29
Dont try this at home

30
George Burns and Gracie Allen (1950)

31
How sweet it is
  • The Honeymooners first aired in 1952.

32
The 50s was also a time for westerns!
  • Davy Crockett killed him a baer when he was only
    3

33
Gunsmoke-One of the longest running westerns
aired in 1955

34
Hop-along-Cassidy (1947) Roy Rogers (1951) Zorro
(1957)

35
Alfred Hitchcock Presents (1955-1965)

36
American Bandstand attracts young viewers-and a
young Dick Clark (1956)

37
How old IS Dick Clark anyway?
  • Dick Clark was born Nov. 30, 1929
  • He is 82!

38
The 1950s TV audience loved games shows
  • The 64,000 question
  • To tell the truth
  • The Price is rightnot Bob Barker but in 1956-
    Bill Cullen
  • 21
  • What is my line?
  • This is your life
  • Queen for a day

39
Queen for a day

40
What a scandal!
  • At the game show peak there were 22 game shows on
    prime time tv! Until What? Game shows rigged?
    Thats right folks in 1958 a Congressional
    hearing determined that winners had been
    supplied with the answers in advance! Networks
    and sponsors decided to pull the plug on game
    shows for a while!

41
The Blue Mountain Boys
  • Who is that in the middle?

42
Early 1950s musical artists
  • Patti Page
  • The Andrews Sisters
  • Nat King Cole
  • Guy Lombardo
  • Rosemary Clooney
  • Frank Sinatra
  • Doris Day
  • Marlene Dietrich

43
1955-The birth of rock and roll
  • Dean Martin Fabian
  • Little Richard Frankie Avalon
  • The Platters Conway Twitty
  • Bill Haley and the Comets Ritchie Valens
  • Pat Boone Buddy Holley
  • Johnny Cash Connie Francis
  • Jerry Lee Lewis
  • Chuck Berry
  • Ricky Nelson

44
Going to a garden party
  • Ricky Nelson

45
Elvis Presley-The King

Thank you, thank you very much
46
Elvis appears on the Ed Sullivan show in 1956
  • The network wouldnt show Elvis from the waist
    down because of his sexual movementscoined
    the Elvis Pelvis

47
The Good Old 1950s-An Age of Prosperity
48
Rock-n-Roll is here to stay
49
J. Edgar Hoover
50
(No Transcript)
51
(No Transcript)
52
The Economy of the 1950s
  • Reasons for economic growth
  • Government spending
  • American West
  • Military spending
  • Expansion of suburbs
  • The baby boom

53
A New Labor Force
  • The power of unionization
  • AFL-CIO
  • George Meany
  • Teamsters Union
  • David Beck
  • Jimmy Hoffa
  • White collar vs blue collar

54
Jimmy Hoffa (1913-1975?)
55
Poverty in America in the 50s
  • The Other America
  • Michael Harrington
  • Elderly and minorities
  • Rural poverty
  • Declining farm prices
  • Technology
  • Pesticides
  • DDT
  • Paul Muller
  • Problems w/ DDT

56
Poverty Continued
  • Inner-city poverty
  • Ghettoes
  • Relocation of industry and jobs
  • Rise in juvenile crime

57
Women and the family
  • The Feminine Mystique
  • Renewed interest in religion
  • Billy Graham
  • Rock and roll culture
  • Elvis
  • The Beatniks

58
Michael Harrington
59
Science and Technology of the 1950s
  • Medical Advances
  • Immunizations
  • Small pox
  • Polio
  • Polio Vaccination Act of 1955
  • Results
  • Infant mortality rates
  • Ave. life expectancy

60
Early Smallpox Vaccinations
61
Technological Innovations
  • Television
  • Color TV
  • RCAs David Sarnoff Labs.
  • TV Networks
  • Transistors
  • Integrated circuits
  • Computer Technology
  • UNIVAC
  • Remington Rand Co.
  • 1952 Election results
  • IBM

62
Dwight Eisenhower (1952-1960)
63
The Eisenhower Administration
  • Balancing the budget
  • Social security
  • Interstate Highway and Defense System Act
  • The demise of McCarthyism
  • Army-McCarthy hearings
  • The Cold War Stalemate
  • brinksmanship
  • U-2 Crisis

64
A revised containment policy
  • Iran
  • Israel
  • Guatemala
  • Cuba
  • Vietnam

65
The Cold War Stalemate
  • brinksmanship
  • MAD-Mutually Assured Destruction

66
Effects of the Nuclear Arms Race
  • Military technology
  • Space race
  • Sputnik
  • NASA
  • National Defense Education Act
  • Bomb shelters

67
Sputnik
68
Apollo
69
Images from Space The Blue Marble
70
Gemini
71
Advancements into Space
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