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Age of Jefferson

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Age of Jefferson Unit IIIA AP United States History Thomas Jefferson (1801-1809) Plantation farmer from Virginia Statesman (Assemblyman, Declaration of Independence ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Age of Jefferson


1
Age of Jefferson
  • Unit IIIA
  • AP United States History

2
Thomas Jefferson (D-R) (1801-1809)
  • Plantation and slave owner from Virginia
  • Statesman
  • Assemblyman
  • Declaration of Independence
  • Governor
  • Minister to France
  • Secretary of State
  • Vice-President
  • President
  • Democratic-Republican
  • Founded the party in opposition to Alexander
    Hamiltons Federalists
  • Kentucky Resolution
  • Inaugural Address
  • Every difference of opinion is not a difference
    of principle... We are all Republicans, we are
    all Federalists.
  • Renaissance Man
  • Inventor, philosopher, architect, scientist

3
What is Jeffersonianism?
  • Republicanism and Civic Virtue
  • Civic duty
  • Voting and efficacy
  • Right to education
  • Natural Elites
  • Resist corruption
  • Federalism and States Rights
  • Ultimate sovereignty in the states and
    nullification
  • Strict constitutionalist
  • Dominant legislature, weak judiciary
  • Economic coercion over standing armies
  • Yeoman Farmers as Ideal Citizens
  • Educated landowners exemplified independence and
    virtue
  • Agriculture Over Manufacture/Industry
  • Responsibility of subsistence
  • Dependence led to class conflict
  • Empire of Liberty and Foreign Policy
  • Americas responsibility to spread democracy
  • Avoid entangling alliances

4
Was Jefferson Jeffersonian?
  • Consider the following historical concepts and
    events in regards to the question
  • The Federal Judiciary
  • Louisiana Purchase
  • Barbary/Tripoli Pirates
  • Embargo Act of 1807

5
First Political Party System (1789-1824)
Alexander Hamilton
Thomas Jefferson
  • Federalists
  • National policies
  • Strong central government
  • Loose constructionists
  • Commerce and manufacturing
  • Urban
  • The rich, the well-born, the able merchants,
    bankers
  • Pro-British
  • Anti-French revolution
  • Northeast
  • Democratic-Republicans
  • States rights
  • Strong local/state governments
  • Strict constructionists
  • Agricultural
  • Rural
  • Small farmers, plantation owners, artisans
  • Anti-British
  • Pro-French Revolution
  • West and South

6
Jefferson and the Federal Judiciary
  • Midnight Judges
  • Judiciary Act of 1801
  • Adams (F) last minute federal judicial
    appointments
  • Marbury v. Madison (1803)
  • Judicial review
  • It is emphatically the province and duty of the
    judicial department to say what the law is.
    Chief Justice John Marshall
  • Impeachments
  • John Pickering
  • Associate Justice Samuel Chase

7
Jefferson and the Louisiana Purchase (1803)
  • Napoleons Plans
  • Jeffersons Plan
  • Brokered a deal for 15 million
  • Doubles the size of the United States
  • Federalist opposition
  • Lewis and Clark Expedition

8
Jefferson and the Barbary/Tripoli Pirates
  • Washington and Adams
  • Paid bribes to Barbary states to avoid piracy
  • Jefferson
  • Barbary states increase bribes
  • U.S. Navy and Marines dispatched
  • Treaty reached in American favor

9
Jefferson and the Embargo Act
  • Napoleonic Wars
  • Britain vs France
  • British and French impressment of Americans
  • HMS Leopard and USS Chesapeake
  • Embargo Act of 1807
  • Prohibited vessels from leaving American ports
    for foreign ports
  • Economic impact on Americans

10
Election of 1808
  • James Madison (D-R)
  • Charles Pinckney (F)
  • Federalists gained congressional seats

11
James Madison (D-R) (1809-1817)
  • Napoleonic Wars
  • Impressment continues
  • Non-intercourse Act of 1809
  • Macons Bill No. 2 (1810)
  • Western Frontier
  • Alleged British influence on Natives
  • Native wars
  • War of 1812

12
Causes of the War of 1812
  • United States vs. Great Britain
  • British impressment
  • Alleged British influence in the western frontier
  • War Hawks in Congress
  • John C. Calhoun
  • Henry Clay
  • Opposition to War
  • Federalists
  • Old guard Dem-Reps
  • New England and merchants

13
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14
War of 1812 British Invasion
  • Chesapeake Campaign
  • Invasion of Washington D.C.
  • Burning of the White House
  • Nature FTW
  • Fort McHenry and Baltimore
  • Star-Spangled Banner and Francis Scott Key

15
Old Ironsides
  • Constructed in 1797
  • Still in commission

42 Wins 0 Losses
16
War of 1812 Battles with Frontier Natives
  • Tecumsehs War
  • Battle of Tippecanoe (1811)
  • Battle of the Thames (1813)
  • Creek War
  • Battle of Horseshoe Bend (1814)

17
End of the War
  • End of Napoleonic Wars
  • Treaty of Ghent (December 1814)
  • Battle of New Orleans (January 1815)

18
Hartford Convention (1814)
  • Platform
  • Federal economic assistance for New England
  • 2/3 congressional majority for embargoes, state
    admission, and declaration of war
  • Rescind the Three-Fifths Compromise
  • One-term president and no same-state successor
  • Talk of secession by radicals
  • After War of 1812
  • Perceived as traitors
  • Effectively weakened as a national party

19
War of 1812s Impact
  • Growth of nationalism
  • Ushered in an Era of Good Feelings
  • Domestic industrial and manufacturing development
  • Emphasis on national infrastructure
  • Promotion of professional military
  • International respect
  • Natives significantly weakened
  • Increased drive to expand west
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