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Animal Assisted Psychotherapy (AAP)

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Animal Assisted Psychotherapy (AAP) Dr. Peter Claydon Licensed Clinical Psychologist Animal Hugger Outline Historical Antecedents Contemporary Perspectives Benefits ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Animal Assisted Psychotherapy (AAP)


1
Animal Assisted Psychotherapy (AAP)
  • Dr. Peter Claydon
  • Licensed Clinical Psychologist
  • Animal Hugger

2
(No Transcript)
3
Outline
  • Historical Antecedents
  • Contemporary Perspectives
  • Benefits and Limitations of AAP
  • Examples and Descriptions of Canine and Equine
    Assisted Psychotherapy

4
Historical Antecedents Animal Assisted Therapy
  • 9th c Belgium disabled patients farm animals
  • 1792 Quakers in York, England psychiatric
    in-patients birds and rabbits
  • 1860 Florence Nightingale, Notes on Nursing the
    sick/invalids small pets/bird in a cage
  • Late 19th c Germany epilepsy birds, dogs,
    cats and horses
  • Early 20th c US, Secretary of the Interior,
    Franklin Lane psychiatric patients dogs
  • Early 20th c Sigmund Freud psychiatric patients
    dog Jo-Fi
  • End of WWII, Army Air Corps Convalescent Center
    New York

5
Serendipitous Discovery in the 1960s
  • Boris Levinson, MD 9 yr old patient dog
    Jingles the birth of animal assisted
    psychotherapy (Pet Therapy)
  • OSU Psychiatric Hospital, Drs. Corsen Corsen
    socialization skill development of adult and
    adolescent inpatients dogs

6
Contemporary Research
  • Barker Dawson (1998) institutionalized
    patients and anxiety dogs
  • Barak et al. (2001) elderly patients with
    schizophrenia dogs and cats
  • Kovacs et al. (2004) middle-aged patients with
    schizophrenia small animals
  • Cobaleda-Kegler (2006) female juvenile offenders
    cats
  • Limitations no comparison groups

7
Trotter, Chandler, Goodwin-Bond and Casey (2008)
  • A Comparative Study of the Efficacy of Group
    Equine Assisted Counseling with At Risk Children
    and Adolescents
  • Group 1 Equine Assisted Counseling (EAC)
  • Group 2 school-based group counseling (Kids
    Connection)
  • Results showed EAC superior to school counseling
    on all measures
  • Limitations.

8
Benefits of AAP
  1. Symptom reduction, e.g. Depression Anxiety
    Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder
    Conduct Disorders Substance Abuse Body Image
    Disorders Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
    Schizophrenias Autism Spectrum Disorders
  2. Functional improvement in areas such as
    self-esteem social and relational abilities
    learning (e.g. memory, problem solving, decision
    making)

9
Limitations of AAP
  1. Not suitable for all patient populations, e.g.
    severe Anti Social Personality Disorder certain
    psychotic states serious dementia or brain
    damage
  2. Some animals may not be suited for AAP

10
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11
Accrediting Certification
  • PET PARTNERS (formerly The Delta Society), est.
    mid-1970s ltdeltasociety.orggt
  • EFMHA, Equine Facilitated Mental Health
    Association, a subsidiary of PATH International
    Professional Association of Therapeutic
    Horsemanship International, est. 1969 (formerly
    NARHA) ltpathintl.orggt
  • EAGALA, Equine Assisted Growth and Learning
    Association, est. 1999 lteagala.orggt
  • CBEIP, Certification Board for Equine Interaction
    Professionals, circa 2010 ltcbeip.orggt

12
Local Equine Assisted Therapy Programs
  • H.E.A.R.T.S Adaptive Riding Program (Santa
    Barbara)
  • Windhorse Equine Assisted Therapy Center (Santa
    Ynez Valley)
  • Reins of H.O.P.E. (Ojai)

13
HEARTS Therapeutic Equestrian Center
  • www.heartsadaptiveriding.org
  • Accredited by PATH International

14
Windhorse Equine Assisted Therapy Center
  • Formerly Santa Ynez Valley Therapeutic Riding
    Program
  • www.syvtherapeuticriding.org
  • H.E.L.P. - Horse Enlightened Learning and
    Psychotherapy

15
Reins of H.O.P.E.
  • reinsofhope-ojai.org
  • Executive Director Julie Sardonia, M.A.,
    L.M.F.T.

16
Local Canine Assisted Therapy
  • Child Abuse Listening and Mediation (CALM)
    calm4kids.org
  • Pilot Program, principal investigator Brenda
    Murrow, PhD candidate bmurrow_at_calm4kids.org

17
My Therapy Dog, Pixie
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