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We're off to Ancient China!!

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Title: No Slide Title Author: Gail and Peyton Wiltshire Last modified by: family Created Date: 1/1/2003 2:30:29 AM Document presentation format: On-screen Show – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: We're off to Ancient China!!


1
We're off to Ancient China!!
Created by Mrs. Gail Wiltshire
Interactive Presentation
Flight 2003
2
WES Airline, Flight 2003 will leave Washington
Dulles International Airport. We will fly to
Chicago to refuel. From Chicago we will fly to
Capital International Airport in Beijing, China.
Our flight will take almost 17 hours and will
cost 913.00 per person.
Next slide
3
Please be seated and wait to hear from our pilot.
Next slide
4
Welcome to WES Flight 2003 with a final
destination of Beijing, China. My name is Bill
Warrick and I will be your pilot during your trip.
  • Please Be seated.
  • Find your seat belt and snap it on.
  • Stay seated and belted until we have completed
    take off and are in the air. I will make an
    announcement when you may take off your belts.

Next slide
5
My name is Mrs. Phillips. I would like to
welcome you to WES Flight 2003. I look forward
to making your trip as comfortable as possible. I
would like to go over a few pre-flight procedures
  • You have been provided with a bag in the event
    you become ill.
  • Should we experience turbulence and if the air
    pressure in the cabin decreases, oxygen masks
    will drop down in front of you. Please place the
    mask over your face and stay calm.

Next slide
6
  • Life vests and floats are located under your
    seats.
  • The side doors will open in the event we need to
    make an emergency evacuation.
  • Please be aware these are just precautions and I
    feel certain you will have an enjoyable flight.
  • Sit back, relax and enjoy your flight. During
    your flight we will serve a light snack.
  • Should you have any questions or needs, please
    raise your hand.
  • Enjoy your flight!!

Next slide
7
We are now beginning to taxi down the runway.
Next slide
8
A view from the plane.
Next slide
9
Next slide
10
Next slide
11
Please relax and enjoy your in-flight
movie. After our movie, we will land in Beijing,
China.
Next slide
12
Welcome to China!
Home
13
Lets learn more about Ancient China. This part
is an interactive presentation. Have fun!!
The Great Wall
Location
Climate and Land
Inventions
Writing
Chinese Zodiac
End
14
China is located on the continent of Asia.
Europe
North America
Asia
Africa
South America
Australia
Antarctica
China is in the shape of a moose.
Home
Ancient China
15
This sign further tells how the Chinese
government has restored the Badaling section of
the Wall for all to see.
More about the Wall
Ancient China
Home
16
Ancient China
More about the Wall
17
More about the Wall
Ancient China
18
This is how the Wall looks as you walk along it.
It goes mostly up, but occasionally down for
short distances. It also can tip to one side, as
it does here. These days, many village folk sell
remembrances along the Wall. They attract
attention by shouting "Allo!" at every western
tourist. If you don't respond, they approach you
and stick their merchandise right in front of
you.
Ancient China
19
Fun Information
  • The Great Wall is the only man made structure
    that can be seen from space.
  • The Great Wall is approximately 4,000 miles long.
  • The first section of the Great Wall took 10 years
    to build at the rate of about one mile per day
  • The Great Wall was built entirely by hand.
  • It was built with dirt, stone and bricks. At the
    top of the wall, a roadway paved with three
    layers of brick connected the watchtowers. The
    roadways were wide enough to hold ten soldiers
    side by side.

Ancient China
Back to Fun Stuff
20
Inventions
Yo-Yo
Papermaking
Abacus
Gunpowder
Silk
Wheelbarrow
Compass
Ancient China
21
Papermaking
Chinese legend tells that the new invention of
paper was presented to the Emperor in the year
105 AD by Cai Lun. Archeological evidence,
however, shows that paper was in use two hundred
years before then. Either way, the Chinese were
significantly ahead of the rest of the world. The
craft of papermaking relied upon an abundance of
bamboo fiber to produce a fine quality paper. In
China the papermaker uses only the traditional
materials and methods to produce fine art paper.
Back to Inventions
Ancient China
22
Gunpowder
Imagine their enemy's surprise when the Chinese
first demonstrated their newest invention in the
eighth century AD. Chinese scientists discovered
that an explosive mixture could be produced by
combining sulfur, charcoal, and saltpeter
(potassium nitrate). The military applications
were clear. New weapons were rapidly developed,
including rockets and others that were launched
from a bamboo tube. Once again, the raw materials
at hand, like bamboo, contributed ideas for new
technologies. Back to Inventions
Ancient China
23
Compass
By the third century AD, Chinese scientists had
studied and learned much about magnetism in
nature. For example, they knew that iron ore,
called magnetite, tended to align itself in a
North/South position. Scientists learned to "make
magnets" by heating pieces of ore to red hot
temperatures and then cooling the pieces in a
North/South position. The magnet was then placed
on a piece of reed and floated in a bowl of water
marked with directional bearings. These first
navigational compasses were widely used on
Chinese ships by the eleventh century AD.
Back to Inventions
Ancient China
24
YO-YO or EMPTY BELL
The oldest toy in the world was the yo-yo. The
"empty bell" was invented during the Ming Dynasty
between 1386 to 1644 AD. During the Chinese
festivals in the old days, the Chinese yo-yo
presentations played an important role as an
entertaining program. The yo-yo became popular in
the North part of China in the spring. The bamboo
or empty bell was made of two ends of round
saucer shapes with the middle being a horizontal
piece of wood. They were mounted on a string and
twirled with a vibrating motion. This emitted a
humming sound.
Ancient China
Back to Inventions
25
Abacus
The abacus is a calculator for adding,
subtracting, dividing and multiplying. Tests have
shown that, for operations of addition and
subtraction, the abacus is still faster than the
electronic calculator.
Ancient China
Back to Inventions
26
Silk
China is the first country in the world that
discovered the use of silk. Silkworms were
domesticated as early as 5000 years ago. The
production of silk thread and fabrics gave rise
to the art of embroidery. Historical documents
record the use of embroidery in China as early as
2255 B.C. Archaeological finds, however, place
the beginnings of embroidery at some point during
the Shang dynasty(1766B.C.-1122 B.C.)
Ancient China
Back to Inventions
27
Wheelbarrow
The wheelbarrow was invented by the Chinese. The
Chinese wheelbarrow had a single wheel in the
middle of the wheelbarrow. Farmers used the
wheelbarrow to take a load of produce to the
market place. Builders used the wheelbarrow to
carry heavy building supplies. Soldiers used the
wheelbarrow to remove injured or dead people from
the battlefield.
Ancient China
Back to Inventions
28
Climate
There are 4 seasons.
China has a variety of plant life.
Land
Rivers
Ancient China
29
More Land
Land
Forests
Ancient China
30
Land
Rivers
Mount Everest
Hills Mountains
Now slicing nearly six miles (ten kilometers)
into the sky, the Himalaya became the highest
mountain range on Earth.
Mount Everest continues to rise. How fast is the
great peak growing? In 1994 researchers placed a
global positioning satellite (GPS) device on the
South Col, a plateau below the summit. Readings
suggest that Everest grows 0.1576 inches (about
four millimeters) each year.
Ancient China
31
The Yangtze River, called Chang Jiang in Chinese,
is the longest river in China and becomes
well-known by its Three Gorges scenery.
Ancient China
32
The Terra Cotta Army
More Army
More than 25 years ago, in 1974, Chinese farmers
were digging a well in central China when they
discovered an important archaeological site. They
discovered fragments from the burial grounds of a
Chinese emperor, Shi Huangdi (Shee-hwang-dee).
His name is also spelled Shihuangdi.
Ancient China
33
More Army
Qin was the name of the part of China he ruled.
He had his army of more than one million soldiers
conquer the entire country in 221 B.C. He united
all the little kingdoms he conquered and became
an emperor. An emperor is the supreme ruler of an
empire.
Like most Chinese, he believed in taking the real
world with him when he died. He wanted his tomb
to be spectacular, and he certainly would need an
army to protect him when he died. Therefore, he
ordered a terra cotta (clay) army be built. He
ordered that the terra cotta soldiers be set up
in formation with their backs to him. The terra
cotta soldiers and horses would stand guard in
order to protect him from attack.
Ancient China
34
As many as 700,000 people worked for more than
thirty years to make the 7,000 - 8,000 soldiers,
horses and chariots. When they were first made
more than 2,000 years ago, the soldiers were
brightly painted and held real weapons. While
molds were used to make the bodies, no two
soldiers were alike. They had different hair
styles, shoes, expressions and uniforms.
Over the years, the paint has faded, and vandals
have taken the weapons. Most of the bodies are
smashed because the wooden ceiling that was above
them fell, and terra cotta breaks easily.
Therefore, most of the soldiers are in bits and
pieces. Archaeologists carefully sift through the
dirt inch by inch to find the tiniest parts.
Back to Fun Stuff
Ancient China
35
More Farm Life
Farming,Life
  • Most of the people of ancient China were peasant
    farmers who grew crops on small plots of land.
    Every member of the family helped grow and
    harvest the crops.
  • Farmers supplied food to the army and to people
    in the city.
  • Farmers in the north grew wheat, millet, and
    barley to eat. Farmers in the south grew rice to
    eat.
  • Farmers may have kept pigs and chickens, but
    dairy cows were not kept due to a lack of pasture
    land.
  • Oxen and water buffalo were used to pull carts
    and plows.

Back to Fun Stuff
Ancient China
36
Farming, Life
  • Villagers dug ditches and canals to water the
    fields.
  • Many farmers used simple wooden or stone tools
    even after bronze and iron weapons were invented.
  • The lives of peasant farmers consisted of many
    long, back-breaking hours tending to crops.
  • Peasant farmers also had to serve in the army and
    help with government projects such as building
    walls and canals.
  • Poor people spent most of their time growing and
    preparing food, or doing heavy work such as
    digging and carrying large loads.
  • Farmers use a method known as terracing which is
    cutting flat plains into hillsides. They would
    farm on the flat plains. The flat plains looked
    like shelves coming out of the side of a hill.
    Cutting flat plains into the hillside would also
    slow erosion in a hilly area.

Ancient China
Back to Fun Stuff
37
Food
  • Poor people ate simple meals. Their main foods
    were rice, grains, millet, vegetables, and beans.
    If they ate meat, it was usually chicken or wild
    bird. Once in a while, they ate fish.
  • Wealthy people ate pork, lamb, venison, duck,
    goose, pigeon. For special occasions they might
    eat snakes, dogs, snails, sparrows, or bear
    claws.
  • Both rich and poor people used spices, salt,
    sugar, honey, and soy sauce to add flavor to the
    food.
  • Vegetables and fruits were always included in a
    wealthy person's diet.
  • To save fuel, food was chopped into small pieces
    and cooked quickly in an iron frying pan, or wok,
    for a few minutes only.
  • Steaming was also a common cooking method with
    the rich and poor.
  • People usually drank tea.
  • Water was usually boiled before drinking it.

Ancient China
Back to Fun Stuff
38
Clothing
More Clothing
  • Clothing was a mark of class in ancient China.
    The type of fabric, the color and decorations on
    the fabric, jewelry, headgear and footwear all
    told something about the wearer's position in
    society.
  • High-ranking people dressed in the finest silk in
    public.
  • Peasants wore a long, shirt-like garment, made of
    undyed hemp fiber. Hemp is a rough fabric woven
    from plant fibers.
  • The type of jewelry worn showed the position of
    that person in society.
  • A man almost always wore a hat in public. The hat
    showed the wearer's occupation and status in
    society.

Ancient China
Back to Fun Stuff
39
Clothing
  • Women's long hair was arranged in topknots and
    held in place by hairpins and other ornaments.
  • Wealthy women wore elaborate make-up.
  • People wore thick padded clothing in winter.
  • From the Sui dynasty onward, only the emperor was
    allowed to wear yellow. Ordinary people had to
    dress in blue and black. White was for mourning,
    and children could not wear white while their
    parents were alive.

Ancient China
Back to Fun Stuff
40
Homes
  • Farmers usually made their homes from mud bricks
    with reed or tile roofs. The bottom floor was
    often built below ground to help keep the family
    warmer in the winter and cooler in the summer.
  • Some Chinese built their house with timber or
    bamboo poles. A timber frame held up the roof.
    The outer walls were sometimes made of brick. The
    Chinese preferred wood to stone for building
    because it looked more natural and it was less
    likely to injure people if the house collapsed
    during an earthquake.
  • Poor people often cooked outside in the open air.
    Wealth people had a kitchen indoors on the bottom
    floor. Servants would also live on the bottom
    floor.
  • Charcoal or coal was burned in the fireplace to
    keep the house warm.
  • A traditional home was divided into different
    sections by courtyards.

Ancient China
Back to Fun Stuff
41
Beliefs and Customs
  • Families in China usually included many
    generations living together - often under the
    same roof. The oldest male was usually in charge
    of everyone in the house.
  • There was little individualism in Chinese
    families. Decisions were made that benefited the
    entire family and family honor and family
    achievements were more important than individual
    needs or achievements.
  • Age demanded respect. The old were considered
    wise and were treated with honor.
  • Children were taught to respect and obey their
    elders.
  • Children were taught that they must care for
    their mothers and fathers in sickness and old
    age.
  • Boys learned their family's trade, and girls
    learned to manage a household.

Ancient China
Back to Fun Stuff
42
Entertainment and Pets
More Entertainment and Pets
  • Poor people enjoyed storytelling.
  • The Chinese played card games,board games and
    chess.
  • In the Chinese game of mah-jong, players use
    small tiles with pictures or symbols on them
    instead of cards. Mah-jong is similar to the game
    of Rummy.
  • The wealthy hunted and raced horses. They grew
    and arranged flowers. They grew miniature trees
    (bonsai).
  • Dogs were popular pets of the rich. A poor family
    might have a songbird or a cricket in a cage.
  • Juggling was a common form of entertainment.
  • The ancient Chinese loved entertainment. People
    who could afford it loved to attend theater and
    magic shows. They enjoyed watching acrobatics and
    martial arts displays. Dancing and musical
    instruments were popular.

Ancient China
Back to Fun Stuff
43
Entertainment and Pets
  • Wealthy people spent their leisure hours
    practicing calligraphy, composing poetry, or
    listening to music.
  • Kite flying, wrestling, and horse racing were
    outdoor recreations enjoyed by all Chinese.
  • The ancient Chinese liked puzzles because they
    taught the people to think creatively. A favorite
    Chinese puzzle is the Tangram. A Tangram is a
    square cut into seven different shapes. A person
    tries to put the seven pieces together to remake
    the square. The seven pieces are also used to
    create other shapes such as animals.
  • Badminton was played and actually originated in
    China.
  • Both children and adults in ancient China liked
    to play a game similar to our modern-day Frisbee
    toss.

Ancient China
Back to Fun Stuff
44
Festivals
  • Most Chinese worked from dawn to dusk with no
    days off.
  • The Chinese calendar was based on the moon, and
    it was divided into twelve groups. Each group was
    named after an animal.
  • The Chinese New Year was the most important
    festival. It was in the spring and offerings were
    made to the spirits. Farmers gave thanks for the
    earth's abundance.

Ancient China
Back to Fun Stuff
45
Social Class
  • The emperor was at the top of the social system.
  • Ancient China was divided into four main classes.
    Scholars were respected above everyone else
    because they could read and write. Peasants were
    the next most important because the country
    depended on them to produce food. Artisans
    (people who worked with their hands) were next
    because they used their skills to make things
    that everyone needed, such as weapons, tools, and
    cooking utensils. The lowest class were merchants
    because they made nothing. All they did was trade
    goods.
  • Soldiers who made a career of being in the army
    were not highly regarded and did not belong to a
    class of their own.

Ancient China
Back to Fun Stuff
46
Chinese Zodiac
More Zodiac
The Chinese Zodiac is a twelve-year cycle. It
started from Buddhism. According to the story,
Buddha called all the animals of China to his
bedside, but only twelve animals came. Because he
wanted to honor the animals for their devotion,
he created a year for each animal. The twelve
animals that appeared were the rat, ox, tiger,
hare (rabbit), dragon, snake, horse, sheep,
monkey, rooster, dog, and the pig. Each animal
has its own special characteristics. Many people
believe that these characteristics affect events
that happen during the year. In addition, some
people believe that people born in a certain year
will have qualities of that year's animal.
Ancient China
47
More Zodiac
Animal
Dates
Characteristics
1948, 1960, 1972, 1984, 1996, 2008
charming, bright, creative, thrifty
Rat
steadfast, dependable, methodical
1949, 1961, 1973 1985, 1997, 2009
Ox
dynamic, warm, sincere, a leader
1950, 1962, 1974, 1986, 1998, 2010
Tiger
humble, artistic, clear-sighted
1951, 1963, 1975, 1987, 1999, 2011
Hare/Rabbit
flamboyant, lucky, imaginative
1952, 1964, 1976, 1988, 2000, 2012
Dragon
1953, 1965, 1977, 1989, 2001, 2013
Snake
discreet, refined, intelligent
1954, 1966, 1978, 1990, 2002, 2014
Horse
social, competitive, stubborn
Ancient China
48
Animal
Dates
Characteristics
1955, 1967, 1979, 1991, 2003, 2015
Sheep
artistic, fastidious, indecisive
1956, 1968, 1980, 1992, 2004, 2016
witty, popular, good-humored, versatile
Monkey
aggressive, alert, perfectionist
1957, 1969, 1981, 1993, 2005, 2017
Rooster
honest, conservative, sympathetic, loyal
1958, 1970, 1982, 1994, 2006, 2018
Dog
Boar/Pig
caring, industrious, home-loving
1959, 1971, 1983, 1995, 2007, 2019
Ancient China
49
The End
Home
50
Writing
Chinese is written with characters known as hànzi
There are tens of thousands of Chinese
characters, many of which are archaic or obscure.
Knowledge of about 5,000 characters is sufficient
to read modern standard written Chinese
competently. This takes at least 5 years of
full-time study to acquire.
Starting from about the fifth century BC, we
begin to find examples of writings on bamboo
strips.
Ancient China
51
Fun Stuff
Festivals
Homes
Clothing
Social Class
Food
Beliefs and Customs
Farming, life
Fun Information
Entertainment and Pets
Terra Cotta Army
Ancient China
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