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How does location, climate, and natural resources affect population distribution on Europe?

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Title: How does location, climate, and natural resources affect population distribution on Europe?


1
How does location, climate, and natural resources
affect population distribution on Europe?
2
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3
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4
Location of the U.K.
5
Location of U.K.
  • A country of islands Wales, Great Britain,
    Northern Ireland, and Scotland.
  • Across the English Chanel from the UK is France
  • West, across the Irish Sea is the Republic of
    Ireland
  • East, across the North Sea is the Scandinavian
    Peninsula

6
Location of U.K.
  • Easy to trade
  • Its location on the Atlantic Ocean also helps
    trade with the US
  • The US is the U.K.s 1 trading partner!

7
Climate of United Kingdom
  • Mild climate with rainfall through out the year
  • Southeastern parts of Great Britain are the
    driest with mountains to protect from ocean winds
  • The mild climate keeps ports free of ice and open
    for trade ALL YEAR.

8
Climate Continued
  • The Gulf Stream moves warm water across the
    Atlantic to the U.K. This allows for milder
    winters compared to other countries with the same
    latitude.
  • Great for farming! However, less than 2 of
    people earn a living in farming. Most people live
    in urban areas where jobs are more available.

9
Natural Resources of the U.K.
  • Coal, petroleum, natural gas, and iron ore
    backbone of the countrys industry in auto
    production, steel manufacturing, and
    shipbuilding.
  • Today manufacturing is declining because natural
    resources are being used up and competition has
    increased.
  • In the U.K., nearly 80 of people work in service
    industries (tourism, health care, education,
    etc..)

10
Natural Resources Continued
  • Fishing along the shores of U.K. is profitable.
  • 25 of land is arable (good for growing crops)
  • Over ½ of land is used for farms meaning the
    country can produce 60 of its own food
  • Farms with sheep, cattle, and pigs.

11
Summarizing
  • Which condition helped the U.K. to become a
    leader in world trade?
  • A. It is an island with a mild climate located
    near many other countries
  • B. 2 of the people are farmers, and there is a
    lot of arable land
  • C. It is home to the worlds busiest airport and
    has 7 other large airports
  • D. Urban areas are heavily populated

2. Why is it surprising that the U.K. has such
a mild climate? A. It is very far north B. The
ocean is always warm C. People in the U.K. like
snowy winters D. It is warmer in northern parts
of the world
12
Location of Russia
13
Where is Russia?
  • Bordered by 15 countries
  • Bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the North and
    Pacific Ocean to the East
  • Most of Russias land is far from the sea or
    frozen over for most of the year some ports
    must be cleared with icebreakers
  • St. Petersburg port on the Baltic Sea major
    center for trade. Network of railroads. Home to
    over 5 million people. Was capital for over 200
    yrsnow it is Moscow

14
Climate of Russia
  • 2 seasons Winter and Summer.
  • Average temperature of nearly all of Russia is
    below freezing.
  • Lots of permafrost soil that is permanently
    frozen
  • Siberia land furthest east could reach
    negative 40 degrees in winter and reach over 90
    degrees in summer.

15
Climate continued
  • Area around the Black sea is considered
    subtropicalvery popular.
  • 73 of Russian population lives in western
    Russia.
  • The climate, distance from the sea, and rugged
    terrain keep many of Russias resources from
    being used.

16
Natural Resources of Russia
  • Vast Resources Forests in the west. Gold,
    aluminum, coal, and iron in Ural Mountains
  • Leading producer and exporter of gold, minerals,
    metals, and machinery.
  • Cities grew up around the mining industry

17
  • Volga River largest river in Europe over half
    of Russias cities are along the Volga.
  • Volga source of hydroelectric power

18
Summarizing
  • Which condition keeps Russias natural resources
    from being used?
  • A. lack of workers
  • B. harsh climate
  • C. no market for them
  • D. no government funding

2. With its long coastline, what makes shipping
difficult in Russia? A. Cruise ships bring
tourists to Russia B. the Volga River is used
only for power, not shipping C. manufactured
goods and people prefer to travel by train D.
Northern ports are blocked by ice much of the
year.
19
Comparing the U.K. and Russia
  • Russia is larger but port cities are blocked by
    ice most of the year.
  • U.K. has mild climate and may ports are
    accessible all year round.
  • Fossil Fuels (coal and oil) are in both
    countries. However, resources are declining in
    U.K. and in Russia they are untouched

20
Comparing Continued
  • Capital of U.K. London on Thames River. It is
    a major financial and trading center.
  • Capital of Russia Moscow center for all
    transportation in Russia. However, St. Petersburg
    is the Russian center for trade.
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