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Percy Bysshe Shelley (1792-1822)

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Title: PRESENTATION NAME Author: Kate Liu Last modified by: Kate Liu Created Date: 10/14/2012 11:39:06 AM Document presentation format: (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Percy Bysshe Shelley (1792-1822)


1
Percy Bysshe Shelley (1792-1822)
  • Quest for (Poetic) Revolution via Nature and Free
    Love

2
Hows your poetry reading so far?
  • 1. Which poems do you like the best?
  • 2. How do you overcome the difficulties of
    reading poetry?
  • 3. Do you like the Romantic poets? Do you find
    them too passionate? Can you relate to their
    passionate quest for poetry, love, nature and
    revolution?
  • Quest a long search for something that is
    difficult to find, or an attempt to achieve
    something difficult (Cambridge)

3
Outline
  • Introduction ShelleyHis Life and Idealism
  • To a Skylark (1820) (compared with
     Nightingale  Ode)
  • Quiz
  • Ode to the West Wind (1819) (next week compared
    with  To Autumn Ode)
  • Short Lyrics (to be compared)
  • To Music, when soft voices die (1821)
  • When the Lamp is Shattered (1821)
  • Next Week

4
Film Clips How the Romantics are connected
  • Six Degrees of Percy Bysshe Shelley
  • Byron (BBC) Part 8 (441  What makes you
    write? ) Part 9 (855 Shelleys death)
  • The Romantics (part)
  • The Necessity of Atheism
  • (Coleridge Kubla Khan)
  • 1600 Shelley A God made by man
  • Free love Harriet 2100 elopement with Mary and
    Claire
  • 2400 Byron Childe Harold Pilgrimage 3400
    Keats
  • 5328 Shelley, seeing his own double, his death

5
Shelleys Free Love
  • Jane Williams

Shelleys desertion of Harriet Westbrook whose
infedility?
  • Mary Shelley

Harriet Shelley Wife of the Poet
6
Shelley Bio
  • 1811 age 19 eloped married Harriet Westbrook
    (age 16).
  • 1814 - abandoned his pregnant wife and child to
    run away with Mary Godwin.
  • 1816 met Byron in Italy
  • 1816 - married Mary, following the suicide of
    Harriet Westbrook.
  • 1822 drowned in a sudden storm while sailing
    back from Livorno to Lerici..

Byron divorced his wife and left England for good.
He was unrecognised in his lifetime, earning
around 40 for his writing over the duration of
his entire life.
7
Shelleys Idealism
  • Atheism Expelled from Oxford for producing a
    pamphlet called, The Necessity of Atheism
  • Works promoting his ideals
  • Poetical Essay on the Existing State of Things
    (1811), a long, strident anti-monarchical and
    anti-war poem.
  • several essays on Vegetarianism , writing that
    eating meat is subversive to the peace of human
    society.

-- admired by C.S Lewis, Karl Marx, Gandhi (for
his non-violence in protest and political
action).
8
To a Skylark Summary
  • 21 stanzas divided into 3 parts
  • 1-6 1) strain of unmeditated art compared to
    different things
  • 7-12 2) What thou art we know not --further
    comparison.
  • 13-18 3) teach us your thoughts and origins of
    your music, though we can only sing sad songs.
  • 19-21 4) teach me half your gladness.
  • What is the poems main idea?
  • To what is the skylark and its music compared?

9
To a Skylark Discussion Questions
  • What is the poems main idea?
  • To what is the skylark and its music compared?
    How can a bird be compared to so many things?
    Can you find something close to it?
  • How is the ways Shelley relate to skylark
    different from or similar to Wordsworth or
    Coleridge or Byron?

10
To a Skylark Note
  • the first 4 lines are metered in trochaic
    trimeter, the fifth in iambic hexameter
    (Alexandrine). The rhyme scheme ABABB
  • Compared with  Ode to Nightgale 
  • Nightingaleof dark night skylarkbright sky.
  • The nightingale inspires Keats to feel a drowsy
    numbness of happiness that is also like pain,
    and that makes him think of death the skylark
    inspires Shelley to feel a frantic, rapturous joy
    that has no part of pain. (source Spark Notes)

11
Ode to the West Wind Discussion Questions
  • Terza rima (tercets in iambic pentameter with an
    interlaced rhyme scheme--aba, bcb, cdc) ending
    with a concluding couplet (intensified climax)
  • 5 parts divided into two parts invocation to the
    wind and a plead to the wind.
  • What is the poems main idea?
  • To what does the speaker compare the west wind
    and its influences?
  • What does the speaker plead for the wind to do?

The poem marked paraphrased
12
Percy Bysshe Shelley (1792-1822)
  • Short Lyrics

13
 WHEN THE LAMP IS SHATTERED   MUSIC, WHEN SOFT
VOICES DIE 
  • How are they different from each other in their
    views of the love represented and lovers
    responses?

14
 WHEN THE LAMP IS SHATTERED 
  • Pay attention to images of space (cell, nest,
    home) and its progressive emptiness.
  • Do you have experience of the following lines?
  • When the lips have spoken, Loved accents are soon
    forgot.
  • The heart's echoes render No song when the spirit
    is mute - No song but sad dirges, Like the wind
    through a ruined cell, Or the mournful
    surges That ring the dead seaman's knell.

15
When the Lamp is Shattered
When hearts have once mingled, Love first leaves
the well-built nest The weak one is singled To
endure what it once possessed. O Love! who
bewailest The frailty of all things here, Why
choose you the frailest For your cradle, your
home, and your bier? Its passions will rock
thee, As the storms rock the ravens on
high Bright reason will mock thee, Like the sun
from a wintry sky. From thy nest every
rafter Will rot, and thine eagle home Leave thee
naked to laughter, When leaves fall and cold
winds come.
When the lamp is shattered The light in the dust
lies dead - When the cloud is scattered, The
rainbow's glory is shed. When the lute is
broken, Sweet tones are remembered not When the
lips have spoken, Loved accents are soon
forgot. As music and splendour Survive not the
lamp and the lute, The heart's echoes render No
song when the spirit is mute - No song but sad
dirges, Like the wind through a ruined cell, Or
the mournful surges That ring the dead seaman's
knell.
Love?
Love?
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