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Adding and Subtracting Fractions

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Title: Adding and Subtracting Fractions Author: LHCA Last modified by: Lorraine Tsutsui Created Date: 6/27/2008 12:07:24 AM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Adding and Subtracting Fractions


1
Adding and Subtracting Fractions
  • By Graeme Henchel

http//hench-maths.wikispaces.com
2
Adding Fractions with common denominators
3
Adding Fractions with different denominators
Problem You cant add fractions with different
denominators without getting them ready first.
They will be ready to add when they have common
denominators
Solution Turn fractions into equivalent
fractions with a common denominator that is find
the Lowest Common Multiple (LCM) of the two
denominators
4
Finding the Lowest Common Denominator
  • The lowest common multiple of two numbers is the
    lowest number in BOTH lists of multiples

Multiples of 2 are 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 Multiples of
3 are 3, 6, 9, 12, What is the lowest
common multiple?
5
Finding the Lowest Common Denominator
  • The lowest common multiple of two numbers is the
    lowest number they will BOTH divide into

2 divides into 2, 4, 6, 8.. 3 divides into 3, 6,
9. What is the lowest number 2 and 3 both
divide into?
6
You cant add fractions with different
denominators

The Lowest Common Multiple of 2 and 3 is 6 so
turn all fractions into sixths
Special form of 1
7
Lowest common denominator is 10 so make all
fractions tenths
8
Turn both fractions into twelfths
9
Finally the fractions are READY to add. I just
have to add the numerators 91423
It is 3/3 So I multiply 3/7 by 3/3
It is 7/7 So I multiply 2/3 by 7/7
What is the lowest number BOTH 3 and 7 divide
into? Hmmmmm??????
What special form of 1 will change 7 to 21.
Hmmmm?
What special form of 1 will change 3 to 21.
Hmmmm?
It is 21. So that is my common denominator
Now 3x39 and 2x714 Now I know the new numerators
10
Adding Mixed Numbers
  • Separate the fraction and the whole number
    sections, add them separately and recombine at
    the end
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